|Birth|| 1874 |
City of Buenos Aires , Argentina
|Death|| August 13 , 1961 |
City of Buenos Aires , Argentina
Flora Amézola was born in the city of Buenos Aires in 1874 . Decided early on a teaching career, she entered the normal school in the city of Buenos Aires, being a student of Sara Eccleston , perhaps the most famous of the American teachers brought to Argentina by President Domingo Faustino Sarmiento .
After graduating from that institute, Amézola served effectively in various educational establishments in the city. In 1897 , Minister Antonio Bermejo created the Normal Kindergarten School in the city of Buenos Aires and put Sara Eccleston, who had extensive experience in the field, in charge of the establishment. [ 2 ]
In 1899 Eccleston founded the International Kindergarten Society based at 1583 Viamonte Street in the city of Buenos Aires, acting herself as president and Flora Amézola as secretary of the organization. [ 3 ]
On September 25 of 1900 the International Society for Kindergarten joined the International Council of Women ( International Council of Women ) [ 4 ] and Amézola was one of the signatories of the founding of the Women 's Council of Argentina .
When her mentor retired in 1903 Flora Amézola was appointed to replace her in the direction of the Normal School of Kindergarten, taking into account the effectiveness demonstrated in the exercise of her profession as well as her training and specific vocation for the position.
On November 22, 1904, the Inspector General of Secondary and Normal Education Leopoldo Lugones submitted to the Minister of Justice and Public Instruction Joaquín Víctor González a report proposing to transform the Normal School of Kindergarten Teachers into the “Normal School of Teachers of the South” to attend to the working population that gave " a great contest to attend Normal Education, which is for them a positive benefit in the sense of providing careers to poor girls " with which " the Normal School of the South has to be sooner or later an act of justice and progress " [ 5 ]
The proposal was accepted and on April 24, 1905 the School of Kindergarten Teachers finalized the move to what would finally be called Normal School No. 3 Bernardino Rivadavia, providing teaching tools, books, furniture, teaching staff and direction, since Amézola was put at the head of the new institution.
In 1906 the Normal School was already operating and formally designated as " Director and Professor of Pedagogy and Instruction Moral and Civic, Mademoiselle Flora Amézola, with the monthly salary of 400 pesos " [ 6 ]
Amézola directed the Normal School until at least 1928 . Retired, she dedicated herself to charitable tasks. In 1950 he donated most of his assets to provide books and educational materials to institutions in the country and, fundamentally, to finance the creation of a home school in Villa Eduardo Madero , La Matanza district , Buenos Aires province . To this end, on January 2, 1950, the Daughters of Our Lady of Luján Congregation received a donation to build the Hermanos Amézola Institute , named in memory of their brothers, which would be built at 611 Olavarria Street in that city. [ 7 ]
Notes and references
- Vicente Osvaldo Cutolo, New Argentine Biographical Dictionary (1750-1930) , Volume I.
- Sara Eccleston created in 1880 in Minnesota the Winona Normal School of Kindergarten Teachers, directing it for three and a half years, she directed the Normal Kindergarten School in Paraná (Argentina) in 1888 , in 1893 she represented the country in the world conference on Kindergarten from Chicago , United States, she was appointed vice president of the Kindergarten Instruction Department and founded Unión Froebeliana Argentina in order to spread the principles of kindergarten among teachers and mothers. In 1897 She was put in charge of the Normal School of Kindergarten created in the city of Buenos Aires by Minister Bermejo and in 1899 she founded the International Kindergarten Society.
- «May 28 Day of the Gardens» .
- International Council of Women, Report of transactions during the third quinquennial term terminating with the third quinquennial meeting held in Berlín, junio de 1904
- Escuela Normal Superior N°3 D.E. N°4 "Bernardino Rivadavia"
- Ministry of Justice and Public Instruction, Memory presented to the Honorable National Congress corresponding to the year 1906 .
- Schools of the Daughters of Our Lady of Luján Congregation
- «Schools and Gardens. Complete guide of schools in Argentina » .
- Cutolo, Vicente Osvaldo (1968). New Argentine Biographical Dictionary (1750-1930) . Buenos Aires: Editorial Elche.
- Newton Sosa, Lily (1972). Biographical Dictionary of Argentine Women . Buenos Aires.
- International Council of Women (1904). Report of transactions during the third quinquennial term terminating with the third quinquennial meeting held in Berlin.
- Ministry of Justice and Public Instruction (1906). Report presented to the Honorable National Congress for the year 1906 by the Minister of Justice and Public Instruction . Buenos Aires: Graphic Workshops of the National Penitentiary.