Flora of Córdoba - Flora de Córdoba

Flora of Córdoba
Santa Flora (Cordoba Cathedral, main altar).jpg
Santa Flora, main altar of the Cathedral of Córdoba
Personal information
Birth unknown value View and modify data on Wikidata
Cordoba , Spain
Death 851
Córdoba , Spain
Cause of death Slaughtering View and modify data on Wikidata
Religion Cristiano View and modify data on Wikidata
Professional information
Religious information
Canonization santo View and modify data on Wikidata
Festivity November 24
Revered in Catholic Church

Flora de Córdoba was a Mozarabic woman from the 9th century, considered a saint by the Catholic Church , who was martyred in the time of Abderramán II . [ 1 ] [ 2 ]

Flora de Córdoba and María de Córdoba were companions of martyrdom.

The martyrologies of Adón , Usuardo , Maurolico, that of the Bishop Equilino and the Romano collect the history of these two virgin martyrs of Córdoba. Perhaps this had to do with the repercussion that the double martyrdom must have had in Spain in the 9th century and explains the rapid spread of their cult. [ 3 ]

Historical context

In the decade 850-860, religious persecutions against Christians took place in Córdoba, which resulted in the death of some fifty Mozarabic martyrs.

In Al-Andalus , until the 11th century, the Church maintained its organization, although in a very precarious situation. [ 4 ] The Mozarabs, Hispanic Christians, maintained their organization, culture and religion, with certain legal coverage, paid their taxes and respected the authority of the emir. However, they had certain restrictions regarding Muslims in order to incite them to convert to Islam . [ 5 ]


The most reliable source on the lives and martyrdoms of Flora and Maria is Saint Eulogius , who knew them personally and witnessed their martyrdom. [ 2 ]

Flora was born in Córdoba. She was the daughter of a Christian mother, a native of Ausinianos (the current Villarrubia de Córdoba ), [ 6 ] and of a Muslim father, a native of Seville , who settled in Córdoba. The couple had several daughters and a son. Flora was the youngest. [ 1 ]The sisters were brought up in the Christian faith of their mother and the son in the Muslim of his father. Flora was devout, austere and observant of her religion, practicing fasting daily. As a teenager, Flora and her siblings were left fatherless. Until then he had freely practiced Christianity, but from then on his brother, of Muslim faith, tried to convert his sisters. The sisters are converted but Flora remains firm in her beliefs. Flora finally flees and hides, but in the face of the reprisals her brother is taking with some clerics whom she accused of hiding her, she returned home. There it is confirmed in their faith. The brother tries to convince her with promise and threats. As Flora does not give in, her brother takes her to court, where she confesses to the qadi [ 3] Being a Christian and having consecrated her virginity to God. She is tortured, flayed her head by flagellation (whipped by two executioners without compassion on the head until the bone of her head was bare), taken to her home to be cured and to try to convert to Islam, but she does not deny her faith and again flees. He stays for a time in the home of a Christian and then inOsaria, the currentTorredonjimeno. He met Mary in the church of San Acisclo when he was praying to endure martyrdom. They decided to give themselves up together. Maria was condemned for blasphemy after condemning Muhammad in court and Flora for apostasy, in 851. She voluntarily appeared before the qadi, along with Maria, threw them into a dungeon and, on the day of execution, was publicly slaughtered after having signed the sign of the cross. His body was exposed for punishment and, after a few days, thrown into the Guadalquivir river . [ 2 ] [ 4 ] [ 1 ]

The heads of Flora and María were deposited in the church of San Acisclo. [ 3 ]


  1. ^ A b c "Santas Flora and María, Mozarabic martyrs of Córdoba" . December 24, 2012. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015 . Retrieved December 3, 2015 .
  2. a b c Complete works of San Eulogio. Bilingual edition . Royal Academy of Córdoba of Sciences, Fine Letters and Noble Arts. 1959. ISBN 978-84-600-3036-2 .
  3. ^ A b c "Santa Flora de Córdoba" . Retrieved December 3, 2015 .
  4. to b Ros Caballar, Carlos (2010). Flora and Maria, Mozarabic martyrs . Liturgical Pastoral Center . ISBN 978-84-9805-410-1 .
  5. "The Mozárabes Martyrs" . October 10, 2010. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015 . Retrieved December 3, 2015 .
  6. ^ Flórez de Setién y Huidobro, Enrique (1792). Sacred Spain. Volume X .. p. 266 . Retrieved December 3, 2015 .