|Florencio Maria del Castillo|
(Mexico, 1828 - Veracruz, 1863)
|Birth name||Florencio Maria del Castillo Velasco|
|Birth|| November 27 , 1828 |
Mexico City , Mexico
|Death|| As October 27 as 1863 |
Veracruz , Mexico
|Occupation||Writer , journalist and politician|
|Gender||Novel and short story|
Florencio Maria de El Castillo ( Mexico , 27 of November of 1828 - Veracruz , 27 of October of 1863 ) was a writer, journalist and Mexican politician. He held the positions of President of the City Council of Mexico and Deputy of the Constituent Congress. He also fought for the restoration of the Republic against the Second French Intervention in Mexico and the Second Mexican Empire .
Florencio María del Castillo was born in Mexico City on November 27, 1828. His parents were Don Demetrio del Castillo, of Costa Rican nationality, and Mrs. Francisca Velasco, also parents of José María del Castillo Velasco , a prominent Mexican politician and jurisconsult, who he held the positions of magistrate in the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation and, in 1871 (with Benito Juárez being president ), Minister of the Interior. Through his paternal line he was the nephew of Florencio del Castillo , a clergyman and politician from Costa Rica , who was a deputy in the Cortes of Cádiz and later named canon in the cathedral chapter of Oaxaca., in Mexico, by King Fernando VII . From an early age, Florencio showed an interest in letters. At the age of nine he made a first reading of the classics, accompanied by some annotations and comments, in which, according to Ignacio Manuel Altamirano , "the depth of his thoughts can already be seen".
After completing his first studies, he entered the Colegio de San Ildefonso in Mexico. Later he began the medical career ; more his hobby and literary skills definitely inclined him to journalism and letters. In 1849 he participated as a founding member of the Liceo Hidalgo , alongside Guillermo Prieto , José María Roa Bárcena , Vicente Riva Palacio and Francisco Zarco , who took over the leadership.
In this same year he published separately the short novels: Love and misfortune , The crown of lilies , Hidden pain , Hasta el cielo and Two hours in the hospital of San Andrés . The following year (1850) these same works were published in a single volume entitled Hours of sadness , with a foreword by Guillermo Prieto. Four years later appeared: Atonement (also known as Guilt ), Sister of the Angels and "Rose Button" (his only story). In the following years he dedicated himself to journalism and government, permanently suspending his creative work.
In an atmosphere of political uncertainty in the country (the dictatorial regime of President Antonio López de Santa Anna ended , with the triumph of the Ayutla Plan ; the coup against President Ignacio Comonfort occurred , with the Tacubaya Plan , and the War of the Reform ), Florencio María del Castillo was part of the City Council of Mexico and appointed alternate deputy of the Constituent Congress. His journalistic career began in 1856 by publishing articles of a liberal political nature in El Monitor Republicano . [ 1 ]After the coup against Comonfort in December 1857, he harshly criticized the reasons stated in the Plan of Tacubaya and the appointment to the presidency of Félix María Zuloaga by the conservative group, for which he was persecuted and confined in Molino Blanco.
After the triumph of the Liberals, he held the positions of president of the City Council of Mexico and deputy owner of the Constituent Congress. At the beginning of the Second French Intervention in Mexico , he enlisted in the army to fight the invader and defend the government represented by Benito Juárez . On August 2, 1863, he was taken prisoner and taken to the castle of San Juan de Ulúa , where he soon fell ill, a victim of the unsanitary conditions in the region. For this reason, he was transferred to the Veracruz hospital , where he died of yellow fever on October 27, 1863 .
- Love and Misfortune (1849)
- The Crown of Lilies (1849)
- Hidden Pain (1849)
- Up to Heaven (1849)
- Atonement or Guilt (1854)
- Sister of the Angels (1854)
- "Rose Button" (1854)
Anthologies with his work
- Hours of Sorrow (1850)
- Complete works of Florencio M. del Castillo (1872)
- Works by Florencio M. del Castillo (1902)
- Romantic Tales (1993)
- Castillo, Florencio M. del (1982). Sister of the angels . Premia Editores SA (La matraca 1) ISBN 968-434-229-2 . p. 129.
- González Peña, Carlos (1990). History of Mexican literature. From the origins to the present day . Porrúa (Know how many ... 44) ISBN 968-432-535-5 . p. 362.
- Huerta, David (1993). Romantic stories . Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (University Student Library 86) ISBN 968-36-3038-3 . p. 258.
- Wikimedia Commons hosts a multimedia category on Florencio María del Castillo .
- Works by Don Florencio M. del Castillo , Digital Collection of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León.
- Works by Florencio María del Castillo , Cervantes Virtual Library
- José Zorrilla, The flower of memories , Wikisource.