Florencio Sosa Acevedo ( Puerto de Cruz , 1901 - Seville , November 5 , 1975 ) was a Canarian politician and trade unionist. During his life he was mayor of Puerto de la Cruz de Tenerife, deputy and teacher.
He was the son of humble farmers. He studied at the Tenerife Council Seminary, but left his ecclesiastical career to become a teacher. He worked as a literary correspondent for La Gaceta de Tenerife. [ 1 ] He was president of the Society of Instruction and Recreation Valle de Taoro de Las Dehesas from 1927 to 1929. He joined the PSOE and stood in the Spanish municipal elections of 1931 , in which he was elected mayor of Puerto de Cruz , position he held until 1933 when he was replaced by Isidoro Luz Carpenter. He was one of those who proclaimed the Second Republic from the balcony of the town hall. [ 2 ]He also dedicated himself to organizing the banana growers of the La Orotava valley in a union and supported their demands. On the occasion of the 1934 revolution he was exiled for a year to the island of El Hierro . [ 3 ]
Shortly afterwards he left the PSOE and joined the PCE , a party with which he was elected deputy for Santa Cruz de Tenerife within the Popular Front lists for the Spanish general elections of 1936. [ 4 ] The coup d'état of July 18 In 1936 he was surprised in Madrid, where he was part of the Management Commission of the Prado Museum and organized exhibitions in Paris . He was also part of the Antifascist Front of the Canary Islands , with the other Canarian deputies and with Juan Negrín as honorary president, who supported the Canaries fleeing to the Republican zone.
On March 18, 1939, the clandestine leadership of the PCE was created, in which he was a representative for the Canary Islands and responsible for relations with the republican authorities. He was also part of the Evacuation Committee that negotiated with the Italian general Gastone Gambara the departure of refugees from the port of Alicante . Taken prisoner, he was imprisoned in the castle of Santa Bárbara , where he was tortured and beaten. He was sentenced to death, but was released after spending four years in prison. Later he settled in Alicante , where he created a Canarian fruit marketing company. He died in a car accident in Sevilla in 1975. [ 5 ]
Florencio Sosa Acevedo was born in Puerto de la Cruz in 1901, son of Florencio Sosa and María Acevedo Rodríguez, his parents were agricultural laborers, Florencio studied at the Conciliar Seminary of Tenerife, leaving the priesthood to study teaching, he was appointed literary correspondent of the Gaceta de Tenerife in Puerto de la Cruz. He held the position of president of the Society of Instruction and Recreation Valle de Taoro de Las Dehesas founded in 1922 during the years 1927-1929.
He was one of the visible heads of the Tenerife labor movement, a prominent exponent of the so-called generation of 1930 and one of the animators of the weekly called DECIMOS directed by Lucio Illada Quintero, in which many of those who would be the main leaders of the labor movement collaborated during the republican period.
He opened a school and a library in his neighborhood of Las Dehesas, in this DECIMOS magazine, many of his articles are dedicated to the deplorable state of education in the area. Between 1930-31 there was the reorganization of the Federation of Workers of the La Orotava Valley and the Socialist Group, whose steering committee was chaired by Domingo Pérez Trujillo who was elected deputy in the elections to the constituent courts of 1931. After the proclamation of the Second Republic Florencio Sosa took over as mayor from April 20, 1931 to February 15, 1932, and his management was aimed at improving the living conditions of the workers.
In 1932-33, the so-called republican consensus broke, and the recrudescence of the class struggle in the islands began, it is from these moments that Florencio's approach to the line defended by the communist party, the class Workers from the valley, especially the agrarian laborers and those who package bananas, radicalize their positions in the face of the offensive unleashed by the bosses, especially since the electoral victory of the right-wing since November 1933, progressively away from reformist socialism in order to approach the positions defended by the communists. . During the days 24 to 26 September 1934 Both in La Orotava and in Puerto de la Cruz a general strike of workers was originated, Florencio Sosa, led the strike supported by the Regional Labor Confederation, The tobacco situation and the industry in general are aggravated, to which we must add the agrarian crisis, particularly the banana tree due to the loss of fruit exports and the anguishing problem of unemployment that places the Canarian people in a state of misery. The maintenance of the strike and the harshness of the repressive measures arriving a contingent of Assault Guards in the Valley motivated, among other factors, that the conflict spread to the entire island. An event led to the end of this conflict and the defeat of the strikers, the revolutionary general strike in Asturias, since on October 6 the State of War was declared throughout Spain and on the 11th the workers began to return to work.
In February 1935 the main union leaders were deported to other islands, and Florencio Sosa Acevedo had to leave confined to Valverde El Hierro, in these years it was one of the most socially cruel corners of the Archipelago and this is reflected by the author in a moving This story not only narrates, from a descriptive point of view, the hardships of its inhabitants, but with great sincerity it delves into and denounces all those issues with which it is ideologically confronted.
Once released, he joined Lucio Illada Quintero in the ranks of the Communist Party of Spain, in the elections to the National Parliament of February 16, 1936, he was elected for the period 1936-1939 with 33,950 votes, with the 440 credential dated discharged on March 11, 1936, as so many canaries were found in the area loyal to the Republic at the time of the military coup of July 18, 1936, as a representative of the people he made himself available to the republican legality and participated in the tasks From both a military and a political framing of the islanders who were in the territory controlled by the Republic, the Canary Battalion was formed, formed at the request of the Canaries resident in Madrid.
- Banishment on Iron (1935)