Florian Schwanninger - Florian Schwanninger

Florian Schwanninger (born July 10, 1977 in Salzburg [1] ) is an Austrian historian and author. His research and publications focus on Nazi euthanasia, the Upper Austrian regional history of persecution and resistance under National Socialism and the culture of remembrance after 1945.


Florian Schwanninger grew up in Hochburg-Ach in Upper Austria . He completed his studies in history and political science at the University of Salzburg in 2004 with a master's degree with the regional historical study Resistance and Persecution in the Braunau / Inn district 1938–1945 . In 2005 he worked at the learning and memorial site Schloss Hartheim , since 2014 as director. [2] [3] The castle, a nursing home for disabled people since 1898, was converted into the Hartheim killing center in 1940 . Under the medical direction of the Linz psychiatrist Rudolf LonauerAround 30,000 people with physical or mental disabilities, the mentally ill and concentration camp prisoners were murdered by 1944 . [4] Schwanninger researched and published about the history of the killing center, action T4 and special treatment 14f13 as well as the biographies of the victims. He helped set up the database of victims in Hartheim. The volume Lebensspuren (2013), edited by Florian Schwanninger and Irene Zauner-Leitner, uses 26 selected biographies to show the diversity of the women and men killed in Hartheim "in terms of their social background, country of origin, illnesses or previous stays in concentration and labor camps."[5]

He is part of the scientific commission of nine historians who oversee the research project First Republic on the history of Upper Austria between 1918 and 1938, which was initiated by the Province of Upper Austria in 2010 . [6]


  • Florian Schwanninger: In the home district of the Führer. National Socialism, Resistance and Persecution in the Braunau District. Verlag Stein Maßl, Grünbach 2005, ISBN 3-902427-18-3 . [7]
  • Florian Schwanninger: “My job in Hartheim was only to destroy files.” The project “Memorial Book Hartheim” as a contribution to the reconstruction of the Nazi euthanasia crimes in Hartheim Castle from 1940–1944. In: Documentation archive of the Austrian resistance (Ed.): Yearbook 2007. Focus on recording the names of Nazi victims. Lit Verlag, Vienna et al. 2007, ISBN 978-3-8258-0346-9 , pp. 95-108 ( full text PDF ).
  • Florian Schwanninger: “If you can't work, we'll send you to be gassed.” The “Special Treatment 14f13” in Hartheim Castle 1941–1944. In: Brigitte Kepplinger , Gerhart Marckhgott , Hartmut Reese: Hartheim Killing Institution . Publishing house Upper Austria. Landesarchiv, Linz 2008, ISBN 978-3-900313-89-0 , pp. 155–208.
  • Florian Schwanninger: Hartheim and Niedernhart. Two sites of Nazi euthanasia in Upper Austria. In: Waltraud Häupl : The organized mass murder of children and young people in the Ostmark 1940–1945. Böhlau Verlag, Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2008, ISBN 978-3-205-77729-8 .
  • Florian Schwanninger: "... Pray for me and don't forget me ..." Priest as victim of special treatment 14f13 in Hartheim. In: Isabella Girstmair, Andreas Baumgartner: Freedom is in fact alone. 4th International Symposium. May 8, 2009. Freedom Lies in the Deed Alone. 4th International Symposium. May 8, 2009. Johannes Kepler University, Linz 2009, pp. 83–97 ( PDF on mkoe.at).
  • Florian Schwanninger: Max Petek: Biography of a resistance fighter (= texts and materials on resistance and persecution in Upper Austria. Volume 2). Edited by the Upper Austria Regional Association of Antifascists, Resistance Fighters and Victims of Fascism, Linz 2010, ISBN 978-3-9502752-1-6 .
  • Florian Schwanninger: Hartheim 1940–1944. In: Günter Morsch, Bertrand Perz (Hrsg.): New studies on National Socialist mass killings by poison gas. Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-940938-99-2 , pp. 118-130.
  • Florian Schwanninger: The “special treatment 14f13” in the Mauthausen and Gusen concentration camps. Problems and Perspectives of Research. In: Mauthausen Memorial 2011. ISBN 978-3-9502824-1-2 , pp. 55-67 ( full text PDF ).
  • Florian Schwanninger: Virus. Contributions to the social history of medicine. Volume 11. Focus: Disability (s) (= journal of the Association for the Social History of Medicine ). Edited by Carlos Watzka and Florian Schwanninger, Vienna 2012.
  • Florian Schwanninger, Irene Zauner-Leitner (eds.): Traces of life. Biographical sketches of the victims of the Nazi killing center Hartheim. Studien Verlag, Innsbruck et al. 2013, ISBN 978-3-7065-5294-3 .
  • Florian Schwanninger: Remembrance and Commemoration in Upper Austria. A historical sketch of the culture of remembrance for the victims of National Socialism. In: Communications from the Upper Austrian Provincial Archives. 23, Linz 2013, pp. 171–260.
  • Florian Schwanninger: The castle of Hartheim and the “Special treatment 14f13”. In: From Aktion T4 to Aktion 14f13. "Worthless lives". Revue d'histoire de la Shoah n ° 199 / October 2013, Paris 2013, S. 313–350.
  • Stefan Hördler, Markus Rachbauer, Florian Schwanninger: The murder of the "unproductive" - ​​forced laborers as victims of Nazi euthanasia. In: Stefan Hördler, Volkhard Knigge, Rikola-Gunnar Lüttgenau, Jens-Christian Wagner (eds.): Forced labor under National Socialism. Accompanying volume for the exhibition. Göttingen 2016, pp. 232–243 ( PDF on Buchenwald.de).
  • Florian Schwanninger, Markus Rachbauer, Irene Zauner-Leitner (eds.): What happened in Hartheim Castle during the Nazi era? A tour of the memorial in easy-to-understand language. Hartheim Castle Association, Alkoven 2018, ISBN 978-3-9504504-0-8 .
  • Philipp Rohrbach, Florian Schwanninger (eds.): Beyond Hartheim - perpetrators in the context of “Aktion T4” and “Aktion Reinhard”. Studienverlag, Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2019, ISBN 978-3-7065-5604-0 .
  • Brigitte Kepplinger, Florian Schwanninger (Hrsg.): Optimization of the human being - contributions of the 5th International Hartheim Conference . Studienverlag, Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2020, ISBN 978-3-7065-5636-1 .



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Waltraud Häupl: The organized mass murder of children and young people in the Ostmark 1940-1845. 2008, p. 171.
  2. employees. In: schloss-hartheim.at. Retrieved April 29, 2020 .
  3. Mag. Florian Schwanninger ( Memento from August 22, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) In: Braunauer Zeitgeschichte-Tage . September 2010.
  4. Florian Schwanninger: Hartheim and Niedernhart. Two sites of Nazi euthanasia in Upper Austria (see publications) p. 161.
  5. Claudia Glunz, Thomas F. Schneider (Hrsg.): »Then Horror Came Into Her Eyes...«: Gender and the Wars. V&R Unipress, Göttingen 2014, ISBN 978-3-8471-0341-7, Books received, S. 233f. (engl. und dt.)
  6. ^ Research project "First Republic". In: land-oberoesterreich.gv.at. 2010, accessed April 29, 2020 .
  7. ^ Nazi terror in Hitler's place of birth. In: The Standard. January 30, 2006, accessed February 23, 2020 (review).