Florins Church (Koblenz) - Florinskirche (Koblenz)
The Florinskirche is a Protestant church in the old town of Koblenz . The church building, erected around 1100 and dominating the city skyline, belonged to the Canons' Monastery of St. Florin, which was secularized in 1802 . Then in 1820 it was the first evangelically consecrated church building from Koblenz to the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland . The early medieval church building is a prime example of Romanesque sacred architecture on the Middle Rhine. The Florinskirche forms together with the Bürresheimer Hof , the Old Department Store and the Schöffenhausan ensemble of four historic buildings on Florinsmarkt. It is owned in equal parts by the state of Rhineland-Palatinate , the legal successor to Prussia , and the Evangelical Church Community of Koblenz-Mitte.
Originally a Marienkirche with an associated monastery, the Florinskirche may have emerged from the chapel of the neighboring Franconian royal court. At the place of the supposed royal court, in which King Childebert of Australia supposedly held court in 586, is today the rectory of the Church of Our Lady . Around 938 to 948, after Florin's relics had been transferred from Remüs (Switzerland), the church at that time was dedicated to this saint alone.
Around 1100 a new building took place under the provost Bruno von Lauffen , the later Archbishop of Trier, as a Romanesque three-aisled church. The pillar basilica , which was then flat-roofed , included parts of the Roman-Franconian city wall on the east side . In the middle of the 14th century, the Romanesque apse of the church was replaced by a Gothic one with the support of Archbishop Baldwin of Luxembourg . The vaulting followed in the years 1582 to 1614 of the eastern nave. At the beginning of the 17th century the bell towers were renewed. In 1671 the Martinskapelle on the south side of the church had to be demolished in order to create a road connection between Florinsmarkt and Kornmarkt. At the same time, the building was given a stronger south wall. During the siege of Koblenz in 1688 in the Palatinate War of Succession , the city was shelled by French troops. The Florinskirche was badly damaged and the central nave vault was destroyed, which could be renewed between 1708 and 1711. Around 1710 the church, probably planned by Philipp Honorius Ravensteyn , received a new south portal with the figure of St. Florin. After the southern tower was destroyed by lightning and fire in 1791, it was decided to build the new spiers lower. The plans for this were based on designs by the court builder Peter Joseph Krahe and the builder Nikolaus Lauxen .
In 1794, French revolutionary troops occupied Koblenz during the First Coalition War . The St. Florin monastery was secularized by the French in 1802 and thus abolished. After that the church building was used as a military magazine . Between 1807 and 1811 the church inventory was sold, the schoolhouse, the adjoining monastery buildings and the cloister closed . In 1807 Napoleon arranged for the church to be converted into a municipal slaughterhouse with stalls. This did not happen, however, since Koblenz fell to Prussia in 1815 .
King Friedrich Wilhelm III. The building was transferred to the Protestant military and civil parish in 1818. The subsequent restoration of the church building and the furnishings took place under the direction of Johann Claudius von Lassaulx . The church was consecrated as a Protestant parish church in 1820, making it the first Protestant church building in Koblenz. The spiers put on in 1791 were used during the thorough restoration of the church under Hermann CunoEliminated in 1899 and replaced by pointed roofs. In the course of restoration work on the inside during archaeological excavations under the Gothic apse, the foundations of a Roman city wall tower were found between 1929 and 1930. The roofs of the three-aisled pillar basilica burned down in an air raid in 1944 , and the vault of the former monastery choir was also destroyed. The reconstruction took place in 1951. The outside of the church was last restored in 1970. A new painting was also created based on the example of the remains of the old Gothic painting found on the triumphal arch.
Construction and equipment
The Romanesque church building is dominated by the fortified west building on Florinsmarkt with its two towers towering over everything. The exterior is plastered in white, the base and cornices are light gray, the other dividing elements are painted yellow with red joints. The bell floors of the towers have characteristic Romanesque column biforias . The triangular gable above it dates from the 13th century, the pointed helmets are from 1899. The large post-Gothic tracery window on the west building dates from the 17th century. The roofs are covered with slate . The Gothic apse and buttresses are light gray with dark joints.
The west building is integrated into the nave . The nave includes the originally barrel-vaulted, now post-Gothic cross - rib vaulted ground floor hall as well as the tower ground floors and is therefore open in full width to the nave . The three-aisled pillar basilica is divided by five closely placed round arched pillar arcades. The walls and vaults are plastered in chalk white, the pillars are made of light gray blocks with painted joints.
The monastery choir adjoins the nave to the east and is a few steps higher; it is set off by a sturdy choir arch. The rood screen with cross altar originally stood here . A transept (chapter house) with three rooms adjoins the monastery choir to the east. A part of the cloister has been preserved underneath . Originally this chapter house, built around 1200 and made of tuff stone masonry, was probably used as a sacristy and the upper floor as a treasure house.
The church's medieval and baroque furnishings were almost completely destroyed at the beginning of the 19th century. The epitaph of Trier Elector Jacob II of Baden , which was formerly attached to the church , is now in the collegiate church of Baden-Baden , where it was saved by his family. Apart from a few fragments in museum possession, only remains of wall paintings from the 14th and 15th centuries can be found in the church . Century from former altars on the outside of the monastery choir and from the originally extensive picture decorations of the Florinskirche. In the choir there are also wall paintings by Januarius Zick , which have been restored several times and therefore hardly show any original substance.
Two of the stained glass windows each contain four round panes about 24 centimeters in diameter from the early 14th century, donated by Freiherr vom und zum Stein on the occasion of the reopening of the church in 1819/20. The images on the panes show the Annunciation and the birth of Jesus, the adoration of the kings and the capture of Jesus, as well as the flagellation, crucifixion, burial and resurrection. These pictures probably come from the church in Dausenau an der Lahn. Also in the 14th century, two 0.50 x 1.00 meter square panes were created, which, together with a much newer one, are inserted in the three-part window of the baptistery. She, too, had owned Freiherr vom und zum Stein; they may have come from the Arnstein monastery churchnear Nassau. 
Baroque leaf garlands adorn the otherwise simple interior of the church. In the vault of the north tower there are two Franconian stone coffins that were found in 1929 during excavations in the church garden. In the vaulted ceiling of the baptistery there is a cannon ball to commemorate the bombardment of the church by French troops in 1688. Several Archbishops of Trier found their final resting place in the church.
Dove of the Holy Spirit on the ceiling of the porch
A Stumm organ was installed for the evangelical consecration of the church in 1820 . It was destroyed by a smoldering fire in 1970. In 1973 a new organ was put into operation, but it offered less sound quality. Therefore, at the end of the 2000s, it was decided to commission a Europe-wide tender for an organ building project.
The organ of the Florinskirche was built in 2010 by Förster & Nicolaus (Lich). The three-manual and 16-ton instrument has 51 registers with 3729 pipes , including six extended registers in the pedal , as well as a glockenspiel and a cymbal star as secondary register. The game actions are mechanical, the stop actions are electric. The total costs amounted to around 850,000 euros and were financed half privately and half by the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. 
- Pairing :
- Normal groups: II / I, III / I, III / II, I / P, II / P, III / P
- Superoktavkoppeln: II / I, II / II, III / I, III / II, III / III, III / P
- Subdivisions: II / I, II / II, III / I, III / II, III / III,
- Secondary register: Zimbelstern, glockenspiel (positive); Euphrasia
- Playing aids : Electronic setting system with 30,000 combinations, crescendo roller .
Five bells hang in the south tower. The oldest bell dates from 1511. In 1960 the Rincker foundry added four bells to the ring.
Glocke 1: d '+ 4 1325 kg ø 1321 mm 1960 Gebr. Rincker (Sinn)
Bell 2: f '+ 7 850 kg ø 1130 mm 1511 Peter von Echternach
Glocke 3: a '+ 6 478 kg ø 935 mm 1960 Gebr. Rincker (Sinn)
Bell 4: b '+ 5 394 kg ø 870 mm 1960 Gebr. Rincker (Sinn)
Bell 5: c '' + 6 292 kg ø 792 mm 1960 Gebr. Rincker (Sinn)
The Florinskirche is a protected cultural monument according to the Monument Protection Act (DSchG) and entered in the list of monuments of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate . It is located in the old town monument zone . 
Since 2002 the Florinskirche has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Upper Middle Rhine Valley . Furthermore, it is a protected cultural asset according to the Hague Convention and marked with the blue and white protection symbol.
- Dietrich Auge (Ed.): The new Förster & Nicolaus organ in the Florinskirche in Koblenz. Festschrift for the inauguration. On behalf of the Evangelical Church Community Koblenz-Mitte, the Florinskirche Foundation and the State of Rhineland-Palatinate ed. v. Dietrich eye. Koblenz 2010; ISBN 978-3-9812276-7-3
- Herbert Dellwing , Reinhard Kallenbach (arrangement): Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate Volume 3.2. City of Koblenz. Downtown . Speyer 2004, p. 66ff. ISBN 3-88462-198-X
- Anton Diederich : The St. Florin Abbey in Koblenz ; Studies on Germania Sacra 6, publications by the Max Planck Institute for History 16; Göttingen 1967
- Energieversorgung Mittelrhein GmbH (ed.): History of the city of Koblenz . Overall editing: Ingrid Bátori in conjunction with Dieter Kerber and Hans Josef Schmidt
- Martina Knichel: The memory book of St. Florin in Koblenz. Edition and explanation ; Sources and treatises on church history in the Middle Rhine region 110; Mainz 2004; ISBN 3-929135-46-9
- Fritz Michel : The art monuments of the city of Koblenz. The profane monuments and the suburbs , Munich Berlin 1954, (Die Kunstdenkmäler von Rheinland-Pfalz, first volume).
- Ekkart Sauser : FLORINUS from Remüs. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 15, Bautz, Herzberg 1999, ISBN 3-88309-077-8 , Sp. 574-575.
- Rolf Volkening: The Florins Church in Koblenz and the history of the city 1794–1820 ; in: Landeskundliche Vierteljahrsblätter 38 (1992), pp. 5–27
- Fritz Michel: The ecclesiastical monuments of the city of Koblenz. Printed and published by L. Schwann, Düsseldorf 1937, reprint 1981, ISBN 3-590-32141-5 , p. 57 u. 58.
- Information on the new organ in the Florinskirche ( Memento of the original from March 22, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- General Directorate for Cultural Heritage Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Informational directory of cultural monuments - district-free city of Koblenz (PDF; 1.3 MB), Koblenz 2011