Anti-aircraft missile squadron 37 - Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 37

Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 37
- FlaRakG 37 -

COA FlaRakG 37.svg
active July 15, 1957 to December 31, 1992
State GermanyGermany Germany
Armed forces Bundeswehr Kreuz.svg armed forces
Armed forces Luftwaffe Luftwaffe
Branch of service Air defense
Type squadron
structure Staff division
1. – 4. Relay
Supply Relay
Medical Relay
Insinuation FlaRakG 2.jpg FlaRakKdo 2
Last garrison Coat of arms Olenwoold.jpg Hinrich-Wilhelm-Kopf-Kaserne , Altenwalde , Cuxhaven , Lower Saxony
last commander Lieutenant Colonel Hans-Joachim Wiesenhavern

The Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 37 (FlaRakG 37) was an association of the Luftwaffe . The last location was the Hinrich-Wilhelm-Kopf barracks in Cuxhaven-Altenwalde . When it was decommissioned, the squadron was equipped with the HAWK anti-aircraft missile system . The association was subordinate to NATO.

On December 31, 1992 the Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 37 was disbanded.


After switching to the HAWK weapon system , the association, together with other air defense associations, took over the security of the rear airspace of the Federal Republic of Germany. The HAWK associations should protect the assigned rooms against the threat of aircraft and ballistic missiles . In the event of a defense, the mobile HAWK units were to evade attack by enemy troops by repeatedly relocating their locations.


Tactical sign for anti-aircraft missile squadrons of the Air Force

The Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 37 was founded on July 15, 1957 as Luftwaffe anti-aircraft battalion 44 from the trunk of the anti-tank gun battalion 3 in Rendsburg . The installation took place in Hamburg-Osdarf . By March 1964, the association was equipped with radar-controlled anti-aircraft guns of the type L / 70 in caliber 40 mm from the manufacturer Bofors .

In September 1959 the association was relocated to Aurich .

From February 1965 the conversion to the anti-aircraft missile system HAWK took place . In this course the association was reclassified into the anti-aircraft missile battalion 37. At the same time, a stick battery and a medical battery were added to the battalion. The crews of the four combat batteries were trained in the Tactical Training Center for Air Defense Missiles (TaktAusbWbZ FlaRakLw USA) in Fort Bliss until May 1965 .

A supply battery was incorporated on November 1, 1967.

Beginning in March 1967, the association was relocated to its last location in Cuxhaven-Altenwalde . The 4th battery was the first sub-unit to move into the location. The remaining troops, with the exception of the 2nd battery, gradually moved into the Hinrich-Wilhelm-Kopf barracks until April 1974. The second battery remained in Bremervörde until the association was dissolved and occupied the position in Nindorf near Lamstedt .

Between autumn 1978 and spring 1979 the weapon system was converted to the Improved HAWK version . Further increases in combat value followed in order to adapt to the changing threat situation.

When the Air Force associations were reorganized, the name was changed to Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 37 on October 1, 1989. The association retained this name until it was dissolved. The squadron was subordinated to anti-aircraft missile command 1 (FlaRakKdo1).

In the course of the political changes caused by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War from the end of 1989, the importance of air defense decreased. Furthermore, the HAWK mobile weapon system and the Nike stationary weapon system were already being replaced by the more powerful Patriot weapon system. As of October 1, 1992, the four combat squadrons were transferred to the sister associations Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 31 (taking over the 3rd and 4th squadrons as 1st and 2nd squadrons) and Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 39 (taking over the 1st and 2nd squadrons as 5th and 6th squadrons) . Season). On December 31, 1992, the remnants of the association were dissolved.


  • 1957 Kdo Nord Lw ground organization
  • 1958 3. LvDiv
  • 1959 FlaRgt 3
  • 1961 FlaRgt 4, FlaRakRgt 4
  • 1968 FlaRakRgt 3
  • 1989 FlaRakKdo 1
  • 1990 FlaRakKdo 2

List of Union Commanders

Name Rank from to
Hans Hakenholt Lieutenant colonel 1957 1957
Hans Fröhlich Lieutenant colonel 1957 1961
Bruno light Lieutenant colonel 1961 1964
Georg Ulrich Lieutenant colonel 1964 1968
Erich Bödeker Lieutenant colonel 1968 1971
Dietrich Kuhhagen Lieutenant colonel 1971 1972
Karl Sasse Lieutenant colonel 1972 1973
Heiderich von der Heyden Lieutenant colonel 1973 1978
Emil Gantner Lieutenant colonel 1978 1981
Peter Hoheisel Lieutenant colonel 1981 1986
Gerald Grimmer Lieutenant colonel 1986 1989
Hans-Joachim Wiesenhavern Lieutenant colonel 1989 1992

Branch positions

Season place Coordinates Todays use
1./37 Not yet 53 ° 47.874'N 8 ° 59.197'E Wind farm
2./37 Nindorf 53 ° 37.140'N 9 ° 6.488'E Naturerlebnispark
3./37 Clutter 53 ° 43.032'N 8 ° 43.024'E Solarpark
4./37 Gudendorf 53 ° 47.512'N 8 ° 40.081'E Municipal waste disposal center


On August 7, 1963, five soldiers of the 3rd / Luftwaffenflugabwehrbataillon 44 died during an exercise in Brockzetel when an aircraft from Jagdgeschwader 71, used for targeting, crashes. The pilot of the crashed machine also died in the crash.


Brigadier General Bernhardt Schlaak , Commander of the Air Force Officer School from 2012 to 2016, served in the 1st and 2nd Squadron between 1986 and 1990.