Oberpfaffenhofen airfield - Flugplatz Oberpfaffenhofen
|Oberpfaffenhofen special airport|
|Height above MSL||581 m (1906 ft)|
|Distance from the city center||2 km northeast of Weßling|
|Local transport||Bus 947|
|04/22||2286 m × 45 m Asphalt|
The airfield in Oberpfaffenhofen is a special airport on the territory of the municipalities Gauting , Gilching and Wessling at Oberpfaffenhofen west-southwest of Munich . It was built in 1936 as a factory airport for the Dornier-Werke .
In 1936, Dornier-Werke built the airport as a company airport for their aircraft to fly in. After the American occupation in the spring of 1945, the airfield was given the Allied code designation Airfield R.81 . In the 1950s, the airport was returned to the Federal Republic and used by the German Armed Forces except for Dornier. Among other things, Dornier developed aircraft such as the vertical take-off Dornier Do 31 . After the collapse of Fairchild Dornier (successor to Dornier) in 2002, EDMO-Flugbetrieb GmbH took over the operation of the airport.
Due to its classification as a special airport , there is no obligation to operate, so prior to a landing a permit from the airport operator is required as part of a PPR procedure. In the case of Oberpfaffenhofen, the group of users is also limited to the successor companies (and their customers) of Fairchild Dornier, in particular RUAG as well as the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the aviation group  . With the approval of the application of the airport operator EDMO-Flugbetrieb GmbH by the Aviation Office of Southern Bavaria on July 23, 2008, this group of users from the area of so-called “qualified” business travel was removed, especially of taxi air traffic. The airport is a member of the German Airports Association (ADV).
Companies and Institutions
Several well-known companies and institutions from the aerospace industry are based at the special airport in Oberpfaffenhofen. The airport is therefore considered the center of the German aerospace industry. But companies in the automotive industry have also found their headquarters here. One of the three control centers of the European satellite navigation system “Galileo” is also located at this location.
The German Aerospace Center (DLR) operates the space control center in Oberpfaffenhofen as well as numerous important research institutes , such as B. atmospheric research and robotics. On September 8, 2008, the ground control center of the European satellite navigation system Galileo was officially inaugurated. The two clusters “Aerospace” and “Satellite Navigation” are also based at the site, as is the “Application Center for Satellite Navigation”. The RUAG manufactures Airbus components and waits and painted regional and business jets and helicopters. In 2009 production of the Do 228 was resumed. 328 Support Services GmbH maintains theDornier 328 , but also rebuilds and modernizes the machines.
Webasto AG (a supplier to the automotive industry) also built its development center on the site of the special airport in 2007 . In September 2008 the headquarters of HS Genion, a development specialist in the automotive industry that belongs to the Webasto Group, was inaugurated.
Also based at the special airport is Lilium GmbH, a technology startup financed with over 100 million US dollars in venture capital, which is developing the Lilium Jet .   The vertical take off and landing aircraft completed its maiden flight in 2019 at the special airport Oberpfaffenhofen. 
The traffic connection is given by car through the motorway connection to the A 96 - exit Oberpfaffenhofen. You can take public transport from the S-Bahn (S8) Weßling or Neugilching of the Munich S-Bahnget off and take the 947 bus to the airport. Since July 1, 2019, the express bus X910 (Großhadern-Weßling Clinic) with a connection to Gauting Bf. And the GWG Gilching / Weßling industrial area has been running directly across the airport's runway (a specialty in Europe), with the bus driver at both entrance gates must register with the flight control via telephones at the gates. In addition, special traffic lights have been set up on the tarmac to signal the bus driver when an aircraft is on the move and that the aircraft has priority. Between 1936 and 1972, was at the railway Pasing-Herrsching the breakpoint Weichselbaum for transportation to the airport available. The own siding established in the 1930sof the site on the Pasing – Herrsching railway line has been interrupted since 2006.  
Discussion about the expansion of flight operations since 2004
The airport operator, EDMO-Flugbetrieb GmbH, planned to expand the special airport, which was previously only used as a factory and research airport, with a further segment, business travel. This requires massive renovation work on the infrastructure. This includes the renewal and expansion of parking spaces, towers and large-scale halls. On April 13, 2004, a plan approval decision was brought about on these reconstruction measures. On August 10, 2006, EDMO-Flugbetrieb GmbH applied for a change to the operating license, which was last changed on December 2, 2002, at the Southern Bavaria Aviation Office. The key point was the expansion of the previous group of users, which was severely restricted by the definition of a special airport , to include the so-calledQualified business travel (as a sub-segment of general aviation) with aircraft with a take-off weight of at least two tons to a maximum of 50 tons. According to the application, this also takes place on the weekends, which is why the operator also requested an extension of the operating hours, namely for Saturdays from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. to 8 a.m. to 9 p.m., as well as for Sundays and public holidays from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. ( so far only sport flight operations). In addition, a delay rule should apply to all days, according to which aircraft can take off and land until 10 p.m. In addition to business travel, applications were also made for helicopter operations up to five tons. The business aviation is a rapidly growing segment of general aviation. Its relocation, at least in part, from Munich's main airport, Munich II Airport , is intended to help eliminate capacity bottlenecks there. Airline and tourist charter air traffic, on the other hand, as well as night and cargo flight operations, should continue to be excluded at Oberpfaffenhofen special airport.
Reactions and change of plan
The project aroused bitter resistance from the citizens of the surrounding communities, mainly because of the massive expansion of operating hours to include Sundays and public holidays, and (in extreme cases) until 10 p.m. (see above). Numerous citizens' groups were formed. The Starnberg District Assembly also spoke out against an expansion of the company on this scale, not least because the so-called Five Lakes Region, on the northern edge of which the airport is located, is a local recreation area. Day, weekend and holiday tourism is an important industry. It is feared that this will be impaired by the aircraft noise on Sundays and public holidays.
In September 2007, due to the protest of the neighboring communities, EDMO GmbH announced a change in the approach and departure routes in order to ensure “noise-optimized” flight operations. The Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (LBA) did not accept this request, however, because the statutory hearing of the public had not been carried out.
On November 30, 2007, the operator, EDMO-Flugbetrieb GmbH, partially withdrew this application. Instead of the previously requested maximum take-off weight of 50 tons, she only wanted to achieve one of 25 tons. In addition, helicopter flights for business trips on Sundays and public holidays should be canceled. For business travel, however, this does not mean any significant restriction, as the majority of jets only have a maximum weight of less than 25 tons and business trips with helicopters are hardly to be expected. In addition, EDMO GmbH expressly wanted to have ten common aircraft types in the range of 25 to 50 tons excluded from this limitation. Thus, almost all common business jets should still be permitted despite the official restriction to a maximum weight of 25 tons. One of the newly requested flight routes, the departure route "MAH 04 1D", leads twice across Lake Ammersee. A large number of communities around the Ammersee that earn money from weekend and holiday tourism then formed a “Schutzgemeinschaft Ammersee”, which vehemently rejects the expansion of the special airport. After some initial hesitation, local politicians from all political parties are now of the opinion that the planned business flights at the special airport would damage the surrounding area.
From January 21 to February 20, 2008, the amended application was submitted together with the new and changed flight routes, a "noise-related statement" from TÜV Süd commissioned by EDMO GmbH and a study of the fauna and flora threatened by the airport expansion -Habitat (FFH) publicly displayed in the most affected communities to give the public the opportunity to express themselves. Citizens and municipalities addressed around 3500 written objections to the Air Office in Southern Bavaria.
The official justification for the project is that the airport has to be operated economically in the long term in order to be able to maintain operations - and thus the research and technology location Oberpfaffenhofen. For this purpose, a goal BV 1.6.5 was defined in the so-called Bavarian State Development Program of the Bavarian State Ministry for Economic Affairs, Infrastructure, Transport and Technology in 2006 . Sentence 2 of this target formulation: "The possibilities for a needs-based expansion and for its use by business flights should be kept open" thus represents an essential basis of legitimation for the expansion project. For this reason, several municipalities surveyedLegal action lawsuits against this LEP goal. Several neighboring communities have also filed lawsuits against the change approval by the Aviation Office. 
The decision on the application by EDMO-Flugbetrieb GmbH of August 10, 2006 was initially expected in spring 2008. However, due to the amendment of the original application and the associated large number of objections, the approval notification by the responsible aviation authority in Southern Bavaria was delayed until July 23, 2008 (official announcement on July 25, 2008). In this approval, the applicant was complied with in all points, with the exception of flight operations on Sundays and public holidays, which was also applied for, which was limited to 200 flight movements per year, as well as a limitation of flight movements of business jets on weekdays to a total of 9,725 per year. [8th]
After the state elections in autumn 2008, the coalition agreement between the CSU and FDP under the heading “Transport” agreed: “Securing the status and existence of the Oberpfaffenhofen factory and research airport; Otherwise, sentence 2 in objective 1.6.5 will be deleted from the state development program (LEP). ” According to the will of the coalition partners, both needs-based expansion and the use of the airport by business flights should no longer be a goal in the state development program. The previous status of the special airport as a works and research airport is to be secured and maintained.  The Council of Ministers decided on this at the beginning of December 2008. 
Judgment on business expansion
In a ruling by the Munich Administrative Court on September 23, 2009, all lawsuits by the municipalities, districts and the airfield opponents who have joined forces were dismissed. In the 76-page justification for the judgment  , the administrative judges contradict in detail all of the arguments described under "Expansion of flight operations". No appeal was allowed against the judgment.
- Judgment of the Munich Administrative Court on airport expansion (PDF; 2.3 MB)
- Press release from the government of Upper Bavaria on the airport expansion
- Homepage of the special airport
- Association of German Airports (ADV)
- Airport data on World Aero Data ( English, as of 2006 )
- Flugsportgruppe im DLR Oberpfaffenhofen e.V.
- Anja Reiter: It flies, it flies! In: ZEIT campus. Die ZEIT, September 25, 2016, accessed on March 2, 2020 .
- Various: Lilium. In: crunchbase. crunchbase Inc., March 2, 2020, accessed on March 2, 2020 .
- Astrid Becker: Air taxi, please! In: Sueddeutsche.de. Süddeutsche Zeitung, May 16, 2019, accessed on March 2, 2020 .
- Stefan von Lossow: KBS 999.8 - The S 8 West: Pasing – Herrsching ( Memento from August 22, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) on Mittewaldbahn.de.
- Robert Bopp: 100 years of the Pasing - Herrsching railway line. From the Royal Bavarian Local Railway to the S-Bahn line 5 . Germering 2003, ISBN 3-00-011372-X , p. 68.
- Development Program (LEP) 2006. 2006, archived from the original on September 26, 2009 ; accessed on June 2, 2016 .
- Archived copy ( Memento of July 28, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Press release of the Government of Upper Bavaria No. 388 of July 25, 2008
- Archived copy ( memento from November 11, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) coalition agreement 2008 to 2013 between CSU and FDP
- http://www.bayern.de/Aktuell-.204.10125201/index.htm#02 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Press release 682 of December 9, 2008: Report from the Cabinet meeting
- Example for the community of Gilching (PDF; 2.3 MB)