Air accident involving a Transall C-160 in Crete in 1975 - Flugunfall einer Transall C-160 auf Kreta 1975

Air accident involving a Transall C-160 in Crete in 1975
Transall LTG 62 1983.jpeg

Transall C-160, 1983

Accident summary
Accident type Controlled flight into terrain
place Crete , Greece
date February 9, 1975
Fatalities 42
Survivors 0
Aircraft
Aircraft type Transall C-160
operator Roundel of the German Air Force (with Border) Luftwaffe
Mark 50+63
Name German Air Force
Departure airport GermanyGermany Hohn Air Base
Destination airport GreeceGreece Chania airport
Lists of aviation accidents

When air accident a Transall C-160 in Crete ( Controlled flight into terrain ) crashed on February 9, 1975, a machine of air transport squadron 63 of scorn in Rendsburg during an instrument approach to the airport of Chania on Crete . None of the 42 occupants on board survived the accident. [1] [2]

course

As part of the annual sharp firing of the anti-aircraft missile units of the German Armed Forces (FlaRak), soldiers of the anti-aircraft missile battalion 39 from Süderbrarup were to be relocated to Crete; a crew of LTG 63 was commissioned to carry out the flight. In 1968 the squadron was the first of the three air transport squadrons to convert to the Transall and assigned Captain Karl Heinz Schacht as the commander , who had 5,200 flight hours, and as co-pilot Colonel Elmar Schlottmann, 39, who was commodore until October 1, 1974of the LTG 63 and was regularly ordered to fly to Rendsburg as a so-called “ticket holder” in order to maintain his pilot license. It had just over 3,000 hours up to the time of the accident. [2]

The flight was uneventful; the aircraft reported for the last time at 2:22 p.m. local time on the frequency of the control tower in Chania and stated that it had sunk to 9,000 feet (2740 meters ) and was turning on the final approach course. A short time later, the machine collided with the Malotyra at an altitude of 1,700 meters above sea ​​level . At the time of the accident, the aircraft was flying under instrument flight conditions, there was a snowstorm, so the pilots had to rely on their instruments alone during the approach. [2]

root cause

Since the crew did not send any radio messages that indicated a technical problem until the impact, it was assumed that the brief deflection of a needle on the TACAN navigation device led the crew to believe they were much closer to Chania Airport than they did at that time were; the two pilots continued the descent and finally collided with the scenery. Although the crew had calculated to fly over the radio beacon at 2:24 p.m., nobody noticed that the assumed overflight had taken place two minutes earlier. [2]

Individual evidence

  1. Jörg: Commemoration of the crash on Crete. (No longer available online.) In: Radio-Kreta.de. February 9, 2013, archived from the original on December 8, 2014 ; accessed on December 13, 2014 .
  2. a b c d Deadly Loop . In: Der Spiegel . No. 8 , 1975 ( online ). Quote: "Evidence suggests that the 42 dead in Crete were the victims of a navigation error by the crew."

Coordinates: 35 ° 20 ′ 56.7 ″ N , 24 ° 1 ′ 1.4 ″ E