FM La Tribu - FM La Tribu
|FM La Tribu|
|Location||Buenos Aires , Argentina|
|Frequency||88.7 MHz FM|
|First broadcast||June 19, 1989|
|Owner||Collective La Tribu|
FM La Tribu is a group of alternative communication founded in the city of Buenos Aires in 1989. Its founding members, Ernesto Lamas , Damian Valls , Hugo Lewin and Claudio Vivori, [ 1 ] were part of the group Santiago Pampillón in the career of Communication Sciences of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires . La Tribu began broadcasting on 88.7 on the dial as a community radio, but soon it incorporated other activities until today it became a communication collective with audiovisual productions, a training center, a bar and numerous published editions.
FM La Tribu is a member of communication networks such as AMARC (World Association of Community Radios) and ALER (Latin American Association for Radio Education). On June 19, 2009, the radio celebrated its first 20 years. [ 2 ]
The Tribe emerged as an initiative of a group of students from the Communication Sciences Career of the UBA, militants of the Santiago Pampillón Student Broad Front (FAESP) in 1989, a few years after the recovery of democracy in Argentina. after the process of national reorganization , the military dictatorship that ruled the country between 1976 and 1983 . The idea of developing independent media to show a different perspective from that presented by large multimedia and mass media as information devices was what mobilized this project, which owes its influence to the country's community radios as well as the experiences of others. Latin American countries like Radio Sandinoof Nicaragua or Radio Farabundo Martí in El Salvador .
The radio began its test broadcasts on June 19, 1989. Without a name, the radio then belonged to the group of radio stations considered clandestine, since there was no legal figure that allowed students to broadcast on an FM radio under the current broadcasting law. and promulgated by the military dictatorship.
The first radio broadcasts took place in a three-room apartment rented on a 14th floor of the building located on Gascón street corner Sarmiento in the Almagro neighborhood . [ 3 ] The direction of the radio at that time was made up of Ernesto Lamas , Hugo Lewin, María Cabrejas, Ivana Erlichmann, Viviana Rybak and Débora Gornitz.
The first vote to give it a name came to baptize the station as FM Revuelta, a name that lasted a few days. Playing with self-definition, the members came to the conclusion that it was a tribe of tribes and thus finally adopted that name. The launch took place in the same faculty of Social Sciences.
In the Gascón department, they soon aroused the anger of the neighbors. The clandestine radio had been set up without authorization. A short time later, the opportunity to move the station to the current house in Lambaré appeared at 800.
Life in the Gascón building had reached its limit when the people of La Tribu found the location it currently has on Calle Lambaré at 800. Just five blocks away there was a house that had been an immigrant hotel and was already a cultural center alternative. In September 1990 they occupied one of the rooms and began broadcasting every day.
FM La Tribu is part of the Interconexiones collective, [ 4 ] together with ECO - Education and Communication from Chile, FM El Puente from Uruguay, La Crujía from Argentina and Radio Viva from Paraguay. Together they produced in 2009 the documentary Distortion Harmonic , an audiovisual production about 12 community, citizen and alternative radio stations from Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay. The documentary was distributed under a Creative Commons license . [ 5 ]
In November 2009 they held the 2nd Festival of Free Culture and Copyleft, called Fábrica de Fallas, [ 6 ] where numerous activists from free culture and other social movements such as Mocase Vía Campesina or the Mapuche movements gathered .
He has also released albums such as "A Bush will not like it" [ 7 ] and "We all want to return home" together with the workers of the Buenos Aires Subway, as well as books such as "Muerde" [ 8 ] and others numerous diverse cultural assets.
Since 2011, La Tribu has organized the annual "Cartón" animated film festival, which has the Lambaré 873 auditorium as its main venue. During the festival, shorts (and some long ones) from dozens of countries are screened, there are talks and workshops and prizes are awarded. [ 9 ] [ 10 ]
In 2007, La Tribu received the CEMEX + FNPI New Journalism Award , granted by the Fundación Nuevo Periodismo Iberoamericano chaired by Gabriel García Márquez , for an investigation that reveals semi-slave labor conditions in textile workshops in Buenos Aires. [ 11 ] Award from the Hispano-American News Network Documentary Journalism [Guillermo Gauna] FLIDES Foundation Foundation for Leadership and Social Development.
Activism for the democratization of the media in Argentina
As a member of numerous Community Radio networks, La Tribu maintains a militancy for the democratization of the media and the right to communication in Argentina and Latin America. In this sense, he was a member of the Coalition for 21 points for a radio broadcasting in democracy , a movement that after many struggles, achieved in 2009 the sanction of a new broadcasting law in Argentina to replace Broadcasting Law 22285, that had been promulgated in 1980 by the military dictatorship calling itself the National Reorganization Process and had remained in force ever since. [ 12 ]
The new Broadcasting Law was approved on October 9, 2009 and promulgated by President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner on October 10. President Mauricio Macri ended the law by decree and on December 24, 2015, occupying the AFSCA building. This - together with the appointment of judges by decree - was one of his first government measures, since guaranteeing media impunity was a necessary and prior requirement to indebt Argentina for 100 years, the largest debt taking in the history of the country and of the world.
- Revista C. Diario Crítica de la Argentina. Sunday June 14, 2009
- "Rolling Stone Argentina Magazine - The 20 years of FM La Tribu" . Archived from the original on July 29, 2009 . Retrieved September 9, 2009 .
- Paint your tribe - Radar Supplement. Diary Page 12. Sunday June 21, 2009
- «Collective Interconexiones - Southern Cone» . Archived from the original on November 25, 2009 . Retrieved September 9, 2009 .
- Harmonic Distortion Documentary, available at Archive.org
- You do not need permission to be free Page 12
- «Page / 12 :: radar» .
- "Infocivica" .
- Portillo, Iván (September 2, 2018). «The eighth Cartón Festival begins» . Naranjita Cinema . Retrieved September 10, 2018 .
- Valenzuela, Andres (September 4, 2018). «The lively party | Cartón Festival, from today on FM La Tribu » . PAGE 12 . Retrieved September 10, 2018 .
- «Page / 12 :: shows» .
- The Presidency of the Nation Audiovisual Services Law was promulgated - October 10, 2009
- Mansell R. (2007). The Oxford handbook of information and communication technologies (en inglés). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 550, 556. ISBN 9780199266234.
- Cortés Bargalló, L. (1998). The Spanish language and the media . Volume 1 of the International Congress of the Spanish Language. Mexico DF: XXI century. pp. 684 et seq. ISBN 9682321093 .
- Peppino Barale, AM (1999). Educational, popular and community radio in Latin America: origin, evolution and perspectives . Mexico DF: Plaza and Valdés. pp. 292 et passim. ISBN 9789688566893 .
- Merkin M. and Ulanovsky C. (1995). Radio days: history of Argentine radio (2nd edition). Buenos Aires: Espasa Calpe Argentina. pp. 350, 402, 411. ISBN 9508520957 .
- Vinelli N. and Rodríguez Esperón C. (2004). «Turn off La Tribu and make your radio». Counterinformation: Alternative Means for Political Action . Buenos Aires: Peña Lillo. pp. 171 et seq. ISBN 9789507541131 .
The wall art on the façade of the current radio building is the subject of comment in
- Arias Incollá M. de las N. (2004). Cultural heritage guide of Buenos Aires: Murals . 2 of "Cultural Heritage Guide of Buenos Aires: Buenos Aires, everyone's heritage". Buenos Aires: Government of Buenos Aires, Secretariat of Culture. p. 53. ISBN 9789879871874 .
It has been the object of attacks and attempts at censorship,
- Delgado, A. (1995). Attacks on the press, 1991-1995 . Buenos Aires: Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo Association. pp. 23, 97.
- Echechurre H. (1997). Journalists Under Fire: Attacks on Freedom of the Press . Buenos Aires: Catalogs. p. 76. ISBN 9508950315 .
- Ferreira F. (2000). A history of censorship . Buenos Aires: Grupo Editorial Norma. p. 360. ISBN 9789879334805 .
- Coalition for Democratic Broadcasting
- Audiovisual Communication Services Law
- Community radio
- Free radios
- Official Radio Site
- LaTribu news agency
- The Tribe Blog
- The Tribe Podcast
- Video Productions
- World Association of Community Radio
- Latin American Association of Radio Education
- Long live the radio
- FM La Tribu turns 20 Interview with Ernesto Lamas in Red Voltaire
- Southern Cone Interconnections
- The 20 years of La Tribu on the site of Manu Chao
- Democracy Now! Documentary about FM La Tribu
- History of FM La Tribu logos