Foción Mariátegui - Foción Mariátegui

Foción Mariátegui Ausejo
Foción Mariátegui.jpg

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President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Republic of Peru
Predecessor Jesus M. Salazar
Successor Jesus M. Salazar

Predecessor Jesus M. Salazar
Successor Luis Antonio Eguiguren
(President of the Constituent Congress)

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Senator of the Republic of Peru
for Huancavelica
October 12, 1924 - August 25, 1930

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Deputy of the Republic of Peru
for Tahuamanu , ( Mother of God )
December 29, 1919 - August 25, 1930

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Constituent Deputy of the Republic of Peru
for Tahuamanu , ( Mother of God )
September 24, 1919 - December 27, 1919

Personal information
Birth February 19, 1885
Lima ,PeruFlag of Peru.svg Peru
Death January 20, 1961 (75 years)
Lima ,PeruFlag of Peru.svg Peru
nationality Peruvian
Political party Democratic Reform Party
Parents Foción Mariátegui and
Lucila Ausejo Zuloaga Palace
Professional information
Occupation Politician , businessman

Foción A. Mariátegui Ausejo ( Lima , 19 February as as 1885 - Magdalena , 20 as January as 1961 ) was a political Peruvian . Relative and supporter of President Augusto B. Leguía , he was president of the Chamber of Deputies (1923-1925 and 1928-1930).


He was the son of General Foción Mariátegui y Palacio , and Lucila Ausejo Zuloaga, and grandson of the hero Francisco Javier Mariátegui y Tellería . He was also related to the Swayne family, to which Leguía's wife belonged. Another relative of his was the writer José Carlos Mariátegui (nephew in second degree).

He dedicated himself to business, standing out as a promoter of equestrianism . It was this hobby that led him to hang out with José Carlos Mariátegui, who was at the time co-director of the horse weekly El Turf (1910s). In this regard, it should be noted that José Carlos did not know his father (who abandoned him at an early age), nor did he try to find out about the exact blood ties that united him with the rest of the Mariátegui. The only thing clear was that they all belonged to a common ancestor. Foción described José Carlos as a haughty and presumptuous young man, who in table conversations focused on serious topics, making erudite quotes and allusions.

A supporter of Augusto B. Leguía, in 1919 he was elected deputy for the province of Tahuamanu , of the newly created department of Madre de Dios , and became a member of the National Assembly (Constituent Congress), which gave the Constitution of 1920 [ 1 ] .

His conciliatory spirit won him many sympathies, both from government members and from opponents. He was re - elected successively as deputy in Ordinary Congress worked for the government led by Augusto B. Leguia regime known by the name of Oncenio , having lasted eleven years (1919-1930) [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] . Similarly, between 1924 and 1930 he was also Senator Huancavelica [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ]. He was second vice president (1921), first vice president (1922) and president of the Chamber of Deputies (1923-1925 and 1928-1930), while Roberto Leguía , brother of the president, presided over the Senate. This Congress was limited to ratifying the decisions of the Executive, among them the questionable approval of the Salomón-Lozano Treaty . On the other hand, during his tenure the construction of the Legislative Palace was undertaken.

Turned into a prominent character in the Oncenio, Foción influenced Leguía's decisions. It was he who, precisely, interceded with the president to appoint José Carlos Mariátegui as a propagandist agent of the government in Europe. This is how the writer was able to carry out his famous journey through the Old World, which would have such importance in his development as an intellectual (1919-1923).

He had a son with Isolina Ortiz, named Carlos Santos Mariategui Ortiz, who was born in Lima on November 1, 1907 and died on September 5, 1983.

After the fall of Leguía in 1930, Foción retired from politics. He died on January 20, 1961, in the Magdalena district.


  1. «Political Constitution of Peru of 1920» .
  2. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Deputies 1919-1924" . Retrieved February 5, 2020 .
  3. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Deputies 1924-1929" . Retrieved February 5, 2020 .
  4. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Deputies 1929-1930" . Retrieved February 5, 2020 .
  5. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Senators 1925" . Retrieved February 6, 2020 .
  6. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Senators 1927" . Retrieved February 6, 2020 .
  7. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Senators 1928" . Retrieved February 6, 2020 .
  8. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla. "Senators 1929-1930" . Retrieved February 6, 2020 .