Freyberg (Nobility) - Freyberg (Adelsgeschlecht)

Coat of arms of those of Freyberg

Freyberg is the name of an old, noble , Swabian noble family that first appeared in south-west Germany.

history

Origin and headquarters

The noble family of the von Freyberg allegedly originated in Rome . A Curius fled from there to Graubünden because of his Christian faith - obviously a takeover from Thomas Lirer's chronicle - and built Librimons Castle (Freiberg) here. From there the family was displaced to Swabia in the middle of the 11th century. This narrative was also adopted by Max von Freyberg (* 1825) in his Genealogical History of the Barons of Freyberg in 1884 , but he left the judgment of the credibility to the reader.

A castle stable in the hamlet of Freyberg in the former rule of Hürbel in the district of Biberach in Upper Swabia , Freyberg Castle, is regarded as the headquarters . Today it is a tree-covered hill.

Nobility

View of Justingen Castle , 18th century

The family belonged to the Swabian imperial knighthood . In addition, it belonged to the Swabian Count Bank of the Reichstag since 1666, after the acquisition of the Immediate Count of Justingen , without being formally raised to the rank of Reich Count [1] . They were also treasurer of the bishopric of Augsburg and the priesthood of Ellwangen since 1671. [1]

Trunk line

Max von Freyberg treats the following lines in his chronicle:

  • The line in Alsace (Chapter IV - very little is known about this line)
  • The Angelberger line (Chapter V - the older family members listed there would have to be assigned to a " Steusslingen line ", the younger ones (after 1300) partly to the Eisenberg line)
  • The Eisenberg line (Chapter VI - The Eisenberg line is definitely rooted in the Angelberg or "Steusslingen" line)
  • The Löwenfelser Line (Chapter VII)
  • The Bavarian Line (Chapter VIII)
  • The Achstetter Line (Chapter IX)

Documented members of the sex do not appear until the 13th century. The oldest mentions date back to 1237:

  • Ulrich von Freyberg [2] (Vlricus nobilis vir de Vriberc) and
  • Heinrich von Freyberg [3] (Hainricus de Friberc)

Up until about 1280 only one Heinrich von Freyberg appears in the documents almost exclusively, who must be attributed to the Freybergers in (old) Steusslingen. In 1343 Ullrich Fraß von Wolfsberg sold the Angelberg estate (near Tussenhausen ) to Friedrich and Heinrich von Freyberg-Altensteußlingen, in 1368 the Angelberg Castle was destroyed by the city of Augsburg due to customs rights on the Lech and in 1433 Hans von Freyberg sold the Angelberg estate for 6,400 Rhenish guilders his brother-in-law Wilhelm d. Ä. from Riedheim. [4]

Branches of the main Freyberg-Eisenberg line still exist today. [1]

Important namesake

Some family members made it to prestigious offices in the period up to 1800.

  • Freybergers are among the canons of Augsburg , Eichstätt , [5] Ellwangen and Kempten .
  • Christoph von Freyberg was cathedral dean in Augsburg when the Augsburg religious peace was agreed in 1555 .
  • In 1593, Hans Adam von Freyberg was House Comthur of the Teutonic Order at Horneck Castle
  • Ludwig von Freyberg (1468–1545) and Sibylla geb. Gossenbrot (1479–1521), by Martin Schaffner , approx. 1521
    Ludwig ( Lutz ) von Freyberg (1468–1545) from the Angelberger line was the owner of the Öpfingen dominion and pledge of the Ehingen, Schelklingen and Berg dominions from 1507-1530. He was married to the wealthy heir, Sibylla Gossembrot (or Gossenbrod), the only child of Georg Gossembrot . In 1530 he gave up this lien in order to replace his son Georg Ludwig von Freyberg the Elder in the same year. Ä. (1507–1562) to acquire the imperial rule of Justingen . Georg Ludwig was an avid supporter of the reformer Kaspar Schwenckfeld . His son Michael Ludwig von Freyberg zu Justingen(* around 1525, † Justingen 1582) married Felicitas Landschad von Steinach (Neckarsteinach), who, like him, was Protestant. Both spouses rebuilt Justingen Castle in 1568–1569 . As owner of the imperial rule of Justingen, he took part in the Diet of Augsburg in 1582.
  • Pankraz von Freyberg zu Hohenaschau (1508–1565), Bavarian statesman, nobleman and entrepreneur, tended towards the Reformation.
  • Helena von Freyberg (1491–1545), representative of the Austro-South German Anabaptist movement

See also: Freyberg-Eisenberg

coat of arms

Family coat of arms of those of Freyberg

Blazon : The family coat of arms shows the shield divided by silver and blue, three (2: 1) golden balls in blue; five silver ostrich feathers on the helmet with blue and silver covers .

Municipal coat of arms with reference to the gender of those von Freyberg

The coats of arms of several cities and municipalities still remind of the gender today. Ludwig von Freyberg-Steußlingen acquired in 1534 the ownership of the castle Beihingen am Neckar, together with the corresponding share of 3 / 5 of the village. When the villages of Beihingen, Geisingen and Heutingsheim were unified in 1972, the family name became the name of the newly created community Freiberg am Neckar . The family coat of arms with the three golden spheres was adopted as the city coat of arms.

Possessions

See also

Quellenlage

For his work, Max von Freyberg refers to the family history research of his father, the civil servant and historian Max Procop von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Jetzendorf (1789-1851). [6]Especially for the period before 1600 he often used older family chronicles, according to his own statements, especially the "Deductio and thorough description of the ancient knightly Thurnier nobility from Freyberg ...". A Helfried von Freyberg († 1632) of the Löwenfelser line is named as the author of this work. Such sources as well as other genealogical publications of the time often provide valuable family history information for scientific work, but caution is advised for the period before 1600.

literature

  • Walter Ansbacher: The Diocese of Augsburg in a baroque awakening: Church renewal under Prince-Bishop Johann Christoph von Freyberg (1665–1690). (= Yearbook of the Association for the History of the Augsburg Diocese, special series, vol. 6.) Sankt-Ulrich-Verlag, Augsburg 2001, ISSN 0341-9916 .
  • Max Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg: Genealogical history of the family of the Freiherrn von Freyberg, compiled from documentary sources by Max Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg. 1859. Ed. Based on a handwritten authorized copy. by Franz Rothenbacher, self-published, Mannheim 2011.
  • Max Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg: Genealogical history of the family of the Freiherrn von Freyberg, compiled from documentary sources by Max Freiherrn von Freyberg-Eisenberg. 1884. Extended u. improved edition ed. by Franz Rothenbacher, self-published, Mannheim 2011.
  • Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume III, Volume 61 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1975. ISSN 0435-2408
  • Heinz Haushofer: Freyberg, from. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9 , p. 420 ( digitized version ). (Family item)
  • Franz Rothenbacher : The "Rothe Book" of the Reichsherrschaft Justingen from 1618. Self-published, Mannheim 2008.
  • Dieter Schäfer: Rise, fall and fame of Pankraz von Freyberg . Ecora-Verlag, Prien am Chiemsee 1996, ISBN 3-923437-15-3 .
  • Peter Steuer (arr.): Archive of the Barons of Freyberg Allmendingen Castle: Document recalls 1367–1910. (= Inventories of the non-state archives in Baden-Württemberg, vol. 37.) W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-17-021286-2 .
  • Franz Michael Weber: Kaspar Schwenckfeld and his followers in the Freiberg lords of Justingen and Öpfingen. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1962.
  • Friedrich Winter: Amandus Church Freiberg am Neckar. Verlag Memminger, Freiberg am Neckar 2001, ISBN 3-9807733-0-2 , pp. 24-26.
  • Wolfgang Wüst : Noble design in difficult times: Patrimonial manors and courts 1806-1848 in southern Germany. In: Mark Hengerer, Elmar L. Kuhn , Peter Blickle (eds.): Nobility in Transition: Upper Swabia from the early modern period to the present. Volumes accompanying the exhibition in Sigmaringen , vol. 1. Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2006, ISBN 3-7995-0216-5 , pp. 153–168. (Concerning in particular the Freiberg rule in Haldenwang.)

Weblinks

Commons : Freyberg (noble family) - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Genealogical Handbook of the Adels, Adelslexikon Volume III, page 371, CA Starke-Verlag, 1975
  2. Wirtemberg Document Book . Volume III, No. 898. Stuttgart 1871, p. 401 ( digitized , online edition )
  3. Wirtemberg Document Book . Volume VIII, No. 2663. Stuttgart 1903, pp. 15-18 ( digitized version , online edition )
  4. Ortschronik Tussenhausen
  5. see list of the Eichstätter canons
  6. ^ Karl Theodor von Heigel: Freyberg-Eisenberg, Max Procop v. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, pp. 365-367.