|Location||Western Europe , Northern Europe|
|Highest point||Ben Nevis Ben Nevis , 1344|
|Population||63,786,000 hab. (2016)|
|Density||Approximately 277 inhabitants / km²|
|Ethnic groups||Cornish , English , Scottish , Welsh , others|
Great Britain (in English Great Britain ; in Scottish Great Breetain ; in Welsh , Prydain Fawr ; in Scottish Gaelic Breatainn Mhòr ; in Cornish Breten Veur ) is an island located in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe . It is the largest island in the archipelago of the British Isles . [ 2 ] Its surface area is 209 331 km², being the largest island in Europe , the ninth largest in the world and is —after Java( Indonesia ) and Honshu ( Japan ) - the third most populated on the planet. The territory of Great Britain is made up of three nations: England , Wales and Scotland , which together with Northern Ireland form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland .
The name "Great Britain" comes from the Latin Britannia , used by the Romans to designate a province that roughly corresponded to present-day England, Wales and southern Scotland . The etymology of this term has been controversial, but it is generally thought to be likely a derivative of the Celtic word Britani ('painted'), as the inhabitants of these islands painted their skin.
The use of the British term in reference to the United Kingdom is similar . In Castilian, the use of Britania is limited to the name of the ancient Roman province.
Great Britain is the largest island in the United Kingdom . Politically it has an extremely complex organization. Great Britain refers to the set of constituent nations of England , Scotland and Wales in combination, but does not include Northern Ireland , located on the island of Ireland ; basically it also includes several smaller islands such as the Isle of Wight , Anglesey , the Isles of Scilly , the Hebrides , Gibraltar, and the Orkney and Shetland island groups . Does not include theIsle of Man and the Channel Islands , which are dependent autonomous territories .
The political union that integrated the kingdoms of England and Scotland happened in 1707, when the Act of the Union ratified the Treaty of Union of 1706 and merged the parliaments of the two countries, to become the Kingdom of Great Britain , which covered all the island. Prior to this, there had been a personal and informal union between these two countries since 1603, the Union of the Crowns , under the unifying reign of James I of England and VI of Scotland .
The geology of Great Britain is quite similar to that of adjacent areas on the European continent. Indeed, recent studies, published in July 2007 , indicate that the current island of Great Britain until 200,000 years ago was a large peninsula of continental Europe, a peninsula linked to the rest of the European macro geographic unit (MUG) by an isthmus called " Risco Weald-Artois ." Until that date, in full glaciation of Riss or Illinois , to the north of the isthmus was, occupying the southern part of the North Sea , a large lake of salt water.
- Population of England, Scotland and Wales, excluding the outer islands. "National mid-2006 Population estimates." August 29, 2007.
- "Great Britain" .