Large association - Großverband

A large association (also known as an association) is a military formation in the armed forces , consisting of military units and / or units of one or different branches of arms (types), special troops and security forces (services). [1]

This association can have both a constant and a variable stock of troops, forces and resources. [2] In general, military formations with a staff strength of more than 3,000 are classified as large Association.

The task of the large association is to lead, support and ensure the actions of smaller field formations.

Major formations in NATO

Types of major NATO organizations

In the area of NATO , this includes military formations from the brigade onwards, which act under a common leadership or command and with a common command staff.

The major units include, in ascending order, the brigade , division , corps or army corps , army and army group as well as other comparable temporary or permanent troops such as the theater of war or, according to Clausewitz, the theater of war .

Military symbol Name Troop strength Subordinate troops guide
XXXXXX High command 400.000 + 2+ army groups General (historical: General Field Marshal )
XXXXX Army Group 200.000 + 2+ armies General (historically also: Generalfeldmarschall)
XXXX Army / command command 100.000 + 2+ Corps General (historically also: Colonel General )
XXX Office / Corps / Air Force Command 030.000–80.000 2+ divisions Lieutenant General
XX Division / military area command 010.000–20.000 2–6 brigades Major general
X Brigade / Flotilla / Landeskommando 003.000–05.000 2–4 regiments or battalions Brigadier General or Colonel

Leadership of major NATO associations

A large formation is usually led, commanded or commanded by an officer of the rank group of the generals from Brigadier General upwards. A staff up to the size of a commando supports him in the management of the large association.

Legend

Associations were marked by NATO on maps with a special legend . In the corresponding classification system, units below the company level were initially described with one to four dots, then units at company level with one to three lines and finally large units with one to six "X" letters.

Major formations of the armed forces of Russia

In military theory ( military science ) and practice of the armed forces of Russia , larger military formations of the armed forces depending on the use (deployment) in the tactical, operational, operational-strategic or strategic level as an association (ru. Соединение - Sojedinjenije) or unification (ru. объединение - Objedinjenie).

Formations with predominantly fixed and comparable tactical structural elements are referred to as tactical formation :

  • the brigade and
  • the division - the largest tactical unit, [2] also known as the large unit, and led by a commander.

Flexibly composed armed forces are typical at the operational and strategic levels.

  • The corps is classified as an operational-tactical association (also an association) [2] . The operational formations led by a corps commander (commanding general) have two to four tactical units and corps troops in their regular inventory.
  • As operative Association is Armed Forces Army formation [5] respectively. The army is an operational association of the armed forces led by a commander, which in its structural composition includes the army troops in addition to the army command organs. A distinction is made according to the armed forces: (general) army, tank army, airborne army, air army, air defense army, missile army.
  • The following are designated as operational unification [6] : the front, the army group, the army group.
  • If several operational associations (a group of fronts / fleets / army groups) act on a theater of war with adjacent seas, an operational-strategic association can be created that coordinates and leads strategic operations in several strategic areas and in several strategic directions. [7]

See also

Individual evidence

  1. See Lemma Verband. In: Author collective of the military academy "Friedrich Engels" of the National People's Army, etc. (Ed.): Military Lexicon. 2nd edition, Berlin 1973, pp. 384-385.
  2. a b c Siehe Lemma Verband (ru.connection - Sojedinjenije). In: Militärenzyklopädisches Wörterbuch (en. Military Encyclopedic Dictionary - Wojenny Enziklopeditscheskij Slowar). Moskau 1986, S. 688.
  3. ^ "APP 6" 2-9 from July 1986 on military.com
  4. "APP-6A Military Symbols for Land Based Systems" vom Oktober 1998 (Memento des Originals vom 18. Oktober 2014 im Internet Archive) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on armawiki.zumorc.de@1@2Vorlage: Webachiv / IABot / armawiki.zumorc.de
  5. Siehe Lemma Armee (en. Army - Armija) In: Militärenzyklopädisches Wörterbuch. (russisch Military Encyclopedic Dictionary - Wojenny Enziklopeditscheskij Slowar). Moskau 1986, S. 45-46.
  6. Siehe Lemma Vereinigung (ru. Association - Objedinjenie). In: Militärenzyklopädisches Wörterbuch (en. Military Encyclopedic Dictionary - Wojenny Enziklopeditscheskij Slowar). Moskau 1986, S. 504.
  7. Siehe Lemma Strategische Operation (ru. Strategic operation - Strategitscheskaj Operazija) In: Militärenzyklopädisches Wörterbuch. (russisch Military Encyclopedic Dictionary - Wojenny Enziklopeditscheskij Slowar). Moskau 1986, S. 710.

Weblinks

Wiktionary: Großverband - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations