Haloalkene - Haloalqueno

3D structure of 6-chloro-1-hexene (ClCH 2 - (CH 2 ) 3 -CH = CH 2 ), also called 5-hexenyl chloride

A haloalkane , also called alkenyl halide , is an organic compound derived from an alkene in which one or more atoms of hydrogen have been replaced by atoms halogen ( fluorine , chlorine , bromine or iodine ). [ 1 ]

These compounds can be synthesized from haloalquinos: [ 2 ]

Some examples of chloroalkenes are listed in the following table:

Common name Nomenclatura IUPAC Chemical formula Notes
Vinyl chloride Cloroeteno H2C=CHCl It is mainly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC )
Crotyl chloride 1-cloro-2-buteno ClCH 2 -CH = CH-CH 3
Methyl chloride 3-chloro-2-methyl-1-propene ClCH 2 -C (CH 3 ) = CH 2 Used in organic synthesis
Chloroprene 2-chloro-1,3-butadiene H2C=CCl-CH=CH2 It is used as a monomer in the production of polychloroprene or neoprene
1,4-dicloro-2-buteno 1,4-dicloro-2-buteno ClCH2-CH=CH-CH2Cl Precursor to other organic compounds

References

  1. Haloalkene (ChEBI)
  2. Hoyben-Weyl. Mulzer, J., ed. Science of Synthesis 32. pp. 501-502.