Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124 - Infanterie-Regiment „König Wilhelm I.“ (6. Württembergisches) Nr. 124

Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124

active 1807 to 1919
State Kingdom of Württemberg Kingdom of Württemberg
Armed forces Württemberg Army / German Army
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterieregiment
structure See outline
Insinuation XIII. (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps
Location See garrisons
Marsch Presentation march "March King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (AM I, 2)
Parade march " Helenen March " (HM II, 55)
management
Commanders See list of commanders

The infantry regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124 was from 1807 to 1919 an association of the Württemberg army .

history

Name

The regiment was set up in 1807 as the "Crown Prince" infantry regiment from the "Kurprinz" battalion ( a second battalion was added to this battalion , which had existed since 1803 ). In 1811 it was renamed the Crown Prince Infantry Regiment No. 6. In the Russian campaign in 1812 the regiment was completely wiped out, but was reorganized with the same name in the same year. In the French campaign against Russia and Prussia in 1813, the strength of the regiment sank to one company , the regiment was then re-established with the same name. The losses in the campaign against Napoleon in 1814 were made up by incorporating teams from the disbanded land regiments 4 and 5.

With the military reform of 1817, the addition was dropped and the regiment was called the 6th Infantry Regiment from March 31, 1817 . By a decree of King Charles of December 19, 1864, the earlier tradition was continued and the names of some regiments expanded, the regiment received an addition in memory of its former regiment owner and was now called the 6th Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm [1]

After conclusion of the military convention with the North German Confederation of 21./25. On November 2, 1870, like all Wuerttemberg troop units, it received the corresponding addition 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm to distinguish it from troops from other German states. On December 18, 1871, all Württemberg regiments received additional numbers. These corresponded to the consecutive numbering of all regiments of the German Army, regardless of their affiliation to one of the contingents, the regiment received the number 124: and was henceforth designated as the 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm" No. 124. On December 14, 1874, all troop units were given the names in their final spelling and numbering: Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm (6th Württembergisches) No. 124. After King Wilhelm II ascended the throne in 1891, the name of the regiment was added because the previous one Additional reference to King Wilhelm I (1816–1864). So the last name was Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württembergisches) No. 124.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 9th Company of the 13th (Württemberg) Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

The garrison

Participation in skirmishes and combat operations

  • 1809 on the side of France against Austria in the Vandamme division . Around 1,200 men.
  • 1812 on the French side against Russia in the Ney Army Corps , around 1,400 men. After the Battle of Borodino , the remnants of the Württemberg infantry were formed into 3 battalions, the remnants of the regiment formed the 3rd and 4th companies of the 1st battalion. On November 21, 1812 the regiment was still one corporal and three men strong. However, all flags were returned.
  • 1813 on the side of France against Russia / Prussia in the IV. Army Corps Bertrand , strength around 1,400 men, 4 officers and 60 NCOs and men came back . After the Battle of Dennewitz , the remnants of the Württemberg infantry were formed into three battalions. The remnants of the regiment formed the III. Battalion, from which a company was formed after the battle of Wartenburg . All flags have been returned.
  • 1814 against France with the main army (Württemberg Corps in IV Corps), strength 1,434 men.
  • 1815 against France in III. Corps of the Upper Rhine Army, around 1,400 men.
  • 1848 in Baden against revolutionaries . In the battle near Dossenbach on April 27, the 6th company of the regiment defeated the remnants of the German Legion under Georg Herwegh and dispersed them.
  • 1849 in Schleswig-Holstein and in Baden, strength around 1,800 men. No fighting.
  • 1866 against Prussia , strength 13 officers and ensigns, 853 NCOs and men. The regiment occupied Sigmaringen (Prussian administrative district) without a fight .
  • 1870/1871 against France . The regiment was deployed in a strength of 28 officers, 195 NCOs, 95 musicians and 1,812 men in the stage . Casualties: 5 killed, 46 wounded, 2 missing. (see also deception with beetle wood )
  • In 1900 , 3 officers, 2 NCOs, 2 musicians and 42 men of the regiment took part in the second international expeditionary corps in China. A musician died there.
  • 1904/1906 in the fight against the Herero soldiers of the regiment also took part in unknown strength. Losses: 1 fallen, 3 wounded, 1 deceased.
  • During the First World War , the regiment only fought in the west.
The XIII. Württemberg Army Corps fought in the Argonne . In December 1915 the 27th (Württ.) Division with the XII. (Württ.) Army corps relocated to Flanders. There the regiment stormed the Great Bastion on the Lys Canal on February 14, 1916 and was then involved in the Battle of the Somme as part of the division . On April 11, 1917, the 27th (Württ.) Division repulsed an attack by Australian troops of the First Australian Imperial Force at the Battle of Arras near Bullecourt on April 11, 1917, taking 28 officers and 1,150 men prisoner and looting 80 machine guns. [3] She held her position against three English divisions until May 5th. Also in theThe division was deployed in the Second and Third Battle of Flanders . During the German spring offensive in 1918 , she advanced in Operation Michael to Aveluy . In the retreat fights she went back to the Antwerp-Maas position , from where, after the armistice of Compiègne , she marched back on foot via Boppard , Limburg an der Lahn , Nauheim to Sennfeld . From there they reached their garrisons by rail.
With a total of around 3,400 soldiers in the regiment, the total losses amounted to 535 men.
“On December 18th. At 9 o'clock in the morning, the main parts of the Inf.-Regt reached. 124 from Ulm, the unloading station in Niederbiegen. From there march and solemn entry into Weingarten. The city was festively decorated, to the cheering of the population, the regiment marched through the streets, preceded by the war clubs. On the Hirschplatz, Stadtschultheiß Reich greeted those who had returned home with a heartfelt speech; the regimental commander thanked him in his reply for the reception. After a march past the barracks yard, the battalions moved into the barracks. " [4]

miscellaneous

  • In 1907 and 1908 the 9th Company won the King's Prize.

assignment

The regiment had the order to lead the infantry fire fight. In peacetime, the soldiers were trained to use appropriate weapons and as patient carriers.

Organisation

Association membership

Until 1816 there were no major associations in Württemberg during peace . Such were only put together for individual campaigns.

With the fundamental reorganization in 1817, the Württemberg army was divided into large units for the first time in peacetime. The regiment, together with the 5th Infantry Regiment, formed the 3rd Brigade in the 2nd Division . In July 1849 a reorganization of the Württemberg army was ordered again. The infantry was grouped into just one division (without a number).

From 1871 to 1914 the regiment belonged to the 53rd Infantry Brigade (3rd Royal Württemberg) in Ulm , ( 27th Division (2nd Royal Württemberg) , XIII (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps , 5th Army).

In the First World War , the peace structure initially remained. At the end of September, the Lägeler regiment (major in the regiment) was put together at short notice from one battalion each from infantry regiments 120, 123 and 124 . In December, the 27th (Württ.) Division with the XII. (Württ.) Army Corps of the 4th Army subordinated to Duke Albrecht von Württemberg in Flanders. From March 1917 [5] the 27th Division (like all German divisions) was independent, but initially remained with the new XIII. General Command. In April 1917 she was subordinated to the XIV Reserve Corps.

structure

Until 1871 the regiment consisted of two battalions .

On December 19, 1864, the previous fusilier battalion of the Guards Regiment was added on foot as a third (fusilier) battalion, and on October 2, 1893, the fourth battalion was set up as a half battalion. The latter was given on April 1 for the establishment of Infantry Regiment No. 127.

Taxes

All of these taxes were offset by the regiment being reorganized.

On April 1, the IV (half) battalion was transferred to the 9th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 127 .

Armament and equipment

Uniform

Rank badge of the Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württemberg) No. 124
  • 1807: Closed blue skirt to the waist with a black collar. Wide white braids on the collar, lapels and borders . Red collar. Black caterpillar helmet with a high black neck on the front of the caterpillar, in front a yellow shield with the Württemberg coat of arms.
  • 1814: skirt as before, but white lining and green woolen epaulettes . Black shako with white neck, steel blue coat of arms and scale chains.
  • 1811: skirt without white borders. Shako with yellow fittings
  • 1817: Service coat in the months of November to April a royal blue kutka (up to an inch above the kneecap), in the months of May to October a royal blue Spenzer (up to the hips), without buttons, with a closed blue collar, yellow Polish cuffs and a cloth belt a yellow border. Yellow metal epaulettes with a silver crescent moon and a yellow cloth lining with a white company number. Black collar. Royal blue, half-width trousers (white trousers and gaiters in summer). Black shako made of felt with leather cover, front metal shield with regimental number and black and red cockade. Black waist shoes (from 1820 short black gaitersand shoes). The leather gear (worn under the epaulettes) was white. Light gray coat.
  • 1821: Royal blue Colett with two rows of buttons (with regimental number) on the front, red closed collar and blue Polish lapels with red piping. Blue pants with red piping.
Commoner of the infantry regiment King Wilhelm I. (6. Württ.) No. 124 with a double-breasted tunic 1891 or 1892
  • 1845: Black French shako with a white upper edge and dark blue bush.
  • 1849: Single-breasted blue tunic with white buttons and red collar. Armpit flaps with regimental number.
  • 1864: Dark blue, red lined skirt with two rows of buttons, four buttons on the back, sleeves with red piping , shoulder flaps with shoulder bulges and black regimental number. Dark gray pants. Dark blue hats with red piping. The epaulettes are omitted, as badges of rank stars on the collar as in Austria.
  • 1871: On the armpit flaps No. 124. Prussian helmet ( spiked hood ) with Württemberg coat of arms and the motto "Fearless and trew"
  • 1874: Uniform according to Prussian standards, but still double-breasted tunic until 1892.
  • 1890: Name "W" with a crown on the armpits, shoulder pieces and epaulettes.
  • 1891: Name "WI" with crown on the armpit flaps, shoulder pieces and epaulettes.

banner

The regiment received its first four flags by royal order of May 26th, 1811. The cloth was blue and white square with golden fringes on all sides. On one side was the golden crowned signature "FR", on the other side the crowned Württemberg coat of arms with coat of arms . Like all Württemberg flags, these were brought back from the Russian campaign in 1812. [6] The regiments newly established after the Russian campaign in 1812 received two new flags per battalion by decree of February 11, 1813. The old ones were given to the armory . As with all regiments, on October 4, 1818, the flags were replaced by standardsreplaced, which were replaced by the highest order of September 3, 1851 with new flags. Each battalion received a flag made of burgundy cloth with white fringes on all sides. In the middle of one side was the gold and yellow crowned name “W”, the other side the Württemberg coat of arms held by a yellow stag and a black lion, the inscription “Feartlos und trew” on a blue foreign currency ribbon and the white cross of the Order of Military Merit .

The fusilier battalion received its flag in 1874. It was like the flags from 1851, but without a fringe and with the crowned signature "F". It was replaced by the same one in 1911, but with the crowned signature "W".

The IV Battalion received its flag in 1894. It corresponded to that of the Fusilier Battalion of 1911, remained with the regiment when the battalion was surrendered and was carried as a second flag by the 1st Battalion

Regimentsinhaber

The only owner the regiment had in the course of its existence was Hereditary Prince Wilhelm of Württemberg from 1803 to 1816 . After him as later king, the association received the addition in the name in 1864.

Commanders

Rank Name Date [7]
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Friedrich von Phull February 24, 1803
Friedrich von Franquemont June 1807
Eugen von Roeder 1808
Christian Johann von Koch February 13, 1809
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Peter Paul von Biberstein 0 June 7, 1811 to February 28, 1812
Oberst Wilhelm von Poellnitz February 29, 1812
Oberst Leopold von Schmidt on Altenstadt September 1812
George of Misani February 1813
Oberst Christian Friedrich von Mayer 0 February 8, 1814 to November 20, 1815
Oberst Carl von Watter November 21, 1815 to March 30, 1817
Charles of Franquemont 01. April 1817
Adam von Landenberger 30. September 1823
Theodor von Klapp March 29, 1835
Wilhelm von Brand March 20, 1842
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Karl Joseph Franz von Mundorff 12. November 1849
from Bischoff
Friedrich von Zimmerle January 29, 1866
Adolf von Seubert July 20, 1870 to December 29, 1872
Friedrich Pergler from Perglas December 30, 1872
from Niethammer 0 February 9, 1878
Wilhelm von Süssdorff 23. September 1879
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Theodor von Sprösser May 21, 1884 to November 7, 1886
Wilhelm von Riedel 0 November 8, 1886 to December 14, 1888
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Theodor von Bullinger December 15, 1888 to March 23, 1890
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Albert von Pfister June 10, 1890 to March 9, 1893
Oberst Immanuel von Hiller March 10, 1893 to December 16, 1896
Oberst Friedrich von Tippelskirch December 17, 1896 to June 14, 1899
Oberst Julius Müser July 15, 1899 to January 26, 1901
Oberst Franz Nowina von Axt January 27 to July 6, 1901
Oberst Hugo von Schempp 0 July 7, 1901 to February 23, 1905
Oberst Friedrich von Petersdorff February 24, 1905 to October 15, 1906
Lieutenant colonel Theodor von Wundt October 16, 1906 to January 26, 1907 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Theodor von Wundt January 27, 1907 to March 19, 1911
Oberst Hermann von Stein March 20, 1911 to April 21, 1914
Oberst Otto Haas April 22nd to December 26th, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Wilhelm Bader December 27, 1914 to April 5, 1915 (substitute)
Oberst Otto Haas 0 April 6, 1915 to April 20, 1916
Lieutenant colonel Reinhold Lägeler April 21, 1916 to January 3, 1919
Oberst Wilhelm Bader 0 January 8 to November 3, 1919

Honors

In Weingarten, the "Sechserweg" was named after the regiment. The "Sechserbrunnen" in the Sechserweg bears the inscription "Unseren Sechsern".

Persons in the regiment

  • Paul Bausch [8] , politician
  • Carl von Martens was a lieutenant in the regiment in 1809 ( major general in 1849 ). [9]
  • Carl Ludwig Unrat (born June 1, 1828 in Fürfeld near Heilbronn, † October 18, 1908 in Stuttgart) joined the regiment as a volunteer in 1843. In 1847 he switched to the music corps of the 1st Infantry Brigade as a clarinetist, where he was promoted to music master in 1862. Unrat composed numerous marches, including the “King Karl March” (parade march in the stride of the field artillery regiment (1st Württ.) No. 13) and the “arrival march” (parade march in company fronts of the Royal Bavarian 15th Infantry Regiment ). [10]
  • Erwin Rommel , who later became the “desert fox” of World War II , joined the regiment as a flag junior and began his career as an officer there.
  • Oskar Farny , Politician

References

sources

literature

  • Koch: History of the infantry regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württ.) No. 124. 1893.
  • Strebinger: History of the Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württemberg) No. 124 1673–1895. Ulm 1896.
  • Ferdinand Fromm : History of the Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm II (6th Württemberg) No. 124. 2nd edition, Weingarten 1910.
  • Gerhard Wolters: The Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württemberg) No. 124 in World War 1914-18. Belser, Stuttgart 1921. (Volume 15 of the series The Württemberg Regiments in World War I , available digitally at urn : nbn: de: bsz: 24-digibib-bsz4079413478 )
  • Otto von Moser : The Württemberg people in the world war. Belser, Stuttgart 1927.
  • Leo Ignaz von Stadlinger: History of the Württemberg war system. Guttenberg, Stuttgart 1856.
  • Hans-Joachim Harder: Military history handbook Baden-Württemberg. Edited by the Military History Research Office . Kohlhammer , Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-17-009856-X .
  • Uniform regulations for the Royal Württemberg Military. Royal Court and Chancellery Printing House Gebrüder Mäntler, Stuttgart 1818.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Württ. Government Gazette 1811 Nro. 25, June 1, p. 265: “With the intention of reviving the previously established establishment of naming cavalry and infantry regiments, at the same time also to honor and reward excellent military services in a special way, I found I moved to order the following: 1. For the lasting memory of my immortalized Mr. Father, King Wilhelm Majesty, the 3rd Cavalry Regiment and the 6th Infantry Regiment, which were named "Crown Prince" under the government of King Friedrich , now bear the name "King Wilhelm". "
  2. “Following the Austrian model, the regiments changed their garrisons in 1833 and 1842 in order to prevent the cadres from becoming firmly rooted in the cities.” Quoted from Harder, page 66
  3. ^ Moser, page 75
  4. quoted from Moser, page 765
  5. In March 1917 the general commands of the army corps were converted into so-called group commands. These troops were no longer permanently subordinate to them, but were assigned to them alternately by the Supreme Army Command .
  6. Capitain von Valois had the poles burned; the strongest grenadiers wore the scarves wrapped around their bodies.
  7. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . Pp. 325-327.
  8. Memoirs and findings of a Swabian MP. Korntal 1969
  9. August Wintterlin: Martens, Carl von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1884, p. 471 f.
  10. ^ Entry in the dictionary on military music in Württemberg ( Memento of the original from January 1, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wlb-stuttgart.de