Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124 - Infanterie-Regiment „König Wilhelm I.“ (6. Württembergisches) Nr. 124
Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124
|active||1807 to 1919|
|State||Kingdom of Württemberg|
|Armed forces||Württemberg Army / German Army|
|Branch of service||Infantry|
|Insinuation||XIII. (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps|
Presentation march "March King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (AM I, 2) |
Parade march " Helenen March " (HM II, 55)
|Commanders||See list of commanders|
The regiment was set up in 1807 as the "Crown Prince" infantry regiment from the "Kurprinz" battalion ( a second battalion was added to this battalion , which had existed since 1803 ). In 1811 it was renamed the Crown Prince Infantry Regiment No. 6. In the Russian campaign in 1812 the regiment was completely wiped out, but was reorganized with the same name in the same year. In the French campaign against Russia and Prussia in 1813, the strength of the regiment sank to one company , the regiment was then re-established with the same name. The losses in the campaign against Napoleon in 1814 were made up by incorporating teams from the disbanded land regiments 4 and 5.
With the military reform of 1817, the addition was dropped and the regiment was called the 6th Infantry Regiment from March 31, 1817 . By a decree of King Charles of December 19, 1864, the earlier tradition was continued and the names of some regiments expanded, the regiment received an addition in memory of its former regiment owner and was now called the 6th Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm 
After conclusion of the military convention with the North German Confederation of 21./25. On November 2, 1870, like all Wuerttemberg troop units, it received the corresponding addition 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm to distinguish it from troops from other German states. On December 18, 1871, all Württemberg regiments received additional numbers. These corresponded to the consecutive numbering of all regiments of the German Army, regardless of their affiliation to one of the contingents, the regiment received the number 124: and was henceforth designated as the 6th Württemberg Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm" No. 124. On December 14, 1874, all troop units were given the names in their final spelling and numbering: Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm (6th Württembergisches) No. 124. After King Wilhelm II ascended the throne in 1891, the name of the regiment was added because the previous one Additional reference to King Wilhelm I (1816–1864). So the last name was Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württembergisches) No. 124.
The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 9th Company of the 13th (Württemberg) Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .
- 1807: Stuttgart
- 1810: Ludwigsburg
- 1811: Heilbronn
- 1813: Ellwangen , Ludwigsburg
- 1814: Ulm
- 1815: Ludwigsburg
- 1833: Ulm
- 1842: Stuttgart
- 1871: Ulm
- 1898: Weingarten
Participation in skirmishes and combat operations
- 1809 on the side of France against Austria in the Vandamme division . Around 1,200 men.
- 1812 on the French side against Russia in the Ney Army Corps , around 1,400 men. After the Battle of Borodino , the remnants of the Württemberg infantry were formed into 3 battalions, the remnants of the regiment formed the 3rd and 4th companies of the 1st battalion. On November 21, 1812 the regiment was still one corporal and three men strong. However, all flags were returned.
- 1813 on the side of France against Russia / Prussia in the IV. Army Corps Bertrand , strength around 1,400 men, 4 officers and 60 NCOs and men came back . After the Battle of Dennewitz , the remnants of the Württemberg infantry were formed into three battalions. The remnants of the regiment formed the III. Battalion, from which a company was formed after the battle of Wartenburg . All flags have been returned.
- 1814 against France with the main army (Württemberg Corps in IV Corps), strength 1,434 men.
- 1815 against France in III. Corps of the Upper Rhine Army, around 1,400 men.
- 1848 in Baden against revolutionaries . In the battle near Dossenbach on April 27, the 6th company of the regiment defeated the remnants of the German Legion under Georg Herwegh and dispersed them.
- 1849 in Schleswig-Holstein and in Baden, strength around 1,800 men. No fighting.
- 1866 against Prussia , strength 13 officers and ensigns, 853 NCOs and men. The regiment occupied Sigmaringen (Prussian administrative district) without a fight .
- 1870/1871 against France . The regiment was deployed in a strength of 28 officers, 195 NCOs, 95 musicians and 1,812 men in the stage . Casualties: 5 killed, 46 wounded, 2 missing. (see also deception with beetle wood )
- In 1900 , 3 officers, 2 NCOs, 2 musicians and 42 men of the regiment took part in the second international expeditionary corps in China. A musician died there.
- 1904/1906 in the fight against the Herero soldiers of the regiment also took part in unknown strength. Losses: 1 fallen, 3 wounded, 1 deceased.
- During the First World War , the regiment only fought in the west.
- The XIII. Württemberg Army Corps fought in the Argonne . In December 1915 the 27th (Württ.) Division with the XII. (Württ.) Army corps relocated to Flanders. There the regiment stormed the Great Bastion on the Lys Canal on February 14, 1916 and was then involved in the Battle of the Somme as part of the division . On April 11, 1917, the 27th (Württ.) Division repulsed an attack by Australian troops of the First Australian Imperial Force at the Battle of Arras near Bullecourt on April 11, 1917, taking 28 officers and 1,150 men prisoner and looting 80 machine guns.  She held her position against three English divisions until May 5th. Also in theThe division was deployed in the Second and Third Battle of Flanders . During the German spring offensive in 1918 , she advanced in Operation Michael to Aveluy . In the retreat fights she went back to the Antwerp-Maas position , from where, after the armistice of Compiègne , she marched back on foot via Boppard , Limburg an der Lahn , Nauheim to Sennfeld . From there they reached their garrisons by rail.
- With a total of around 3,400 soldiers in the regiment, the total losses amounted to 535 men.
- “On December 18th. At 9 o'clock in the morning, the main parts of the Inf.-Regt reached. 124 from Ulm, the unloading station in Niederbiegen. From there march and solemn entry into Weingarten. The city was festively decorated, to the cheering of the population, the regiment marched through the streets, preceded by the war clubs. On the Hirschplatz, Stadtschultheiß Reich greeted those who had returned home with a heartfelt speech; the regimental commander thanked him in his reply for the reception. After a march past the barracks yard, the battalions moved into the barracks. " 
- In 1907 and 1908 the 9th Company won the King's Prize.
The regiment had the order to lead the infantry fire fight. In peacetime, the soldiers were trained to use appropriate weapons and as patient carriers.
Until 1816 there were no major associations in Württemberg during peace . Such were only put together for individual campaigns.
With the fundamental reorganization in 1817, the Württemberg army was divided into large units for the first time in peacetime. The regiment, together with the 5th Infantry Regiment, formed the 3rd Brigade in the 2nd Division . In July 1849 a reorganization of the Württemberg army was ordered again. The infantry was grouped into just one division (without a number).
In the First World War , the peace structure initially remained. At the end of September, the Lägeler regiment (major in the regiment) was put together at short notice from one battalion each from infantry regiments 120, 123 and 124 . In December, the 27th (Württ.) Division with the XII. (Württ.) Army Corps of the 4th Army subordinated to Duke Albrecht von Württemberg in Flanders. From March 1917  the 27th Division (like all German divisions) was independent, but initially remained with the new XIII. General Command. In April 1917 she was subordinated to the XIV Reserve Corps.
Until 1871 the regiment consisted of two battalions .
On December 19, 1864, the previous fusilier battalion of the Guards Regiment was added on foot as a third (fusilier) battalion, and on October 2, 1893, the fourth battalion was set up as a half battalion. The latter was given on April 1 for the establishment of Infantry Regiment No. 127.
- In 1812 the replacement company came to the von Scharffenstein regiment (later infantry regiment "Kaiser Friedrich, King of Prussia" (7th Württembergisches) No. 125 ).
- In 1859 the 1st Company was handed over to the 1st Jäger Battalion.
- In 1864 5 NCOs and 21 men were handed over to the formation of the 3rd Jäger Battalion.
- On March 31, 1873 the 8th company was transferred to the III. Battalion Infantry Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm, King of Prussia" (2nd Württembergisches) No. 120 , on October 1st the 2nd company to the III. Battalion 9th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 127 handed over.
All of these taxes were offset by the regiment being reorganized.
On April 1, the IV (half) battalion was transferred to the 9th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 127 .
Armament and equipment
- 1807: Closed blue skirt to the waist with a black collar. Wide white braids on the collar, lapels and borders . Red collar. Black caterpillar helmet with a high black neck on the front of the caterpillar, in front a yellow shield with the Württemberg coat of arms.
- 1814: skirt as before, but white lining and green woolen epaulettes . Black shako with white neck, steel blue coat of arms and scale chains.
- 1811: skirt without white borders. Shako with yellow fittings
- 1817: Service coat in the months of November to April a royal blue kutka (up to an inch above the kneecap), in the months of May to October a royal blue Spenzer (up to the hips), without buttons, with a closed blue collar, yellow Polish cuffs and a cloth belt a yellow border. Yellow metal epaulettes with a silver crescent moon and a yellow cloth lining with a white company number. Black collar. Royal blue, half-width trousers (white trousers and gaiters in summer). Black shako made of felt with leather cover, front metal shield with regimental number and black and red cockade. Black waist shoes (from 1820 short black gaitersand shoes). The leather gear (worn under the epaulettes) was white. Light gray coat.
- 1821: Royal blue Colett with two rows of buttons (with regimental number) on the front, red closed collar and blue Polish lapels with red piping. Blue pants with red piping.
- 1845: Black French shako with a white upper edge and dark blue bush.
- 1849: Single-breasted blue tunic with white buttons and red collar. Armpit flaps with regimental number.
- 1864: Dark blue, red lined skirt with two rows of buttons, four buttons on the back, sleeves with red piping , shoulder flaps with shoulder bulges and black regimental number. Dark gray pants. Dark blue hats with red piping. The epaulettes are omitted, as badges of rank stars on the collar as in Austria.
- 1871: On the armpit flaps No. 124. Prussian helmet ( spiked hood ) with Württemberg coat of arms and the motto "Fearless and trew"
- 1874: Uniform according to Prussian standards, but still double-breasted tunic until 1892.
- 1890: Name "W" with a crown on the armpits, shoulder pieces and epaulettes.
- 1891: Name "WI" with crown on the armpit flaps, shoulder pieces and epaulettes.
The regiment received its first four flags by royal order of May 26th, 1811. The cloth was blue and white square with golden fringes on all sides. On one side was the golden crowned signature "FR", on the other side the crowned Württemberg coat of arms with coat of arms . Like all Württemberg flags, these were brought back from the Russian campaign in 1812.  The regiments newly established after the Russian campaign in 1812 received two new flags per battalion by decree of February 11, 1813. The old ones were given to the armory . As with all regiments, on October 4, 1818, the flags were replaced by standardsreplaced, which were replaced by the highest order of September 3, 1851 with new flags. Each battalion received a flag made of burgundy cloth with white fringes on all sides. In the middle of one side was the gold and yellow crowned name “W”, the other side the Württemberg coat of arms held by a yellow stag and a black lion, the inscription “Feartlos und trew” on a blue foreign currency ribbon and the white cross of the Order of Military Merit .
The fusilier battalion received its flag in 1874. It was like the flags from 1851, but without a fringe and with the crowned signature "F". It was replaced by the same one in 1911, but with the crowned signature "W".
The IV Battalion received its flag in 1894. It corresponded to that of the Fusilier Battalion of 1911, remained with the regiment when the battalion was surrendered and was carried as a second flag by the 1st Battalion
The only owner the regiment had in the course of its existence was Hereditary Prince Wilhelm of Württemberg from 1803 to 1816 . After him as later king, the association received the addition in the name in 1864.
Lieutenant Colonel / |
|Friedrich von Phull||February 24, 1803|
|Friedrich von Franquemont||June 1807|
|Eugen von Roeder||1808|
|Christian Johann von Koch||February 13, 1809|
Lieutenant Colonel / |
|Peter Paul von Biberstein||June 7, 1811 to February 28, 1812|
|Oberst||Wilhelm von Poellnitz||February 29, 1812|
|Oberst||Leopold von Schmidt on Altenstadt||September 1812|
|George of Misani||February 1813|
|Oberst||Christian Friedrich von Mayer||February 8, 1814 to November 20, 1815|
|Oberst||Carl von Watter||November 21, 1815 to March 30, 1817|
|Charles of Franquemont||1. April 1817|
|Adam von Landenberger||30. September 1823|
|Theodor von Klapp||March 29, 1835|
|Wilhelm von Brand||March 20, 1842|
Lieutenant Colonel / |
|Karl Joseph Franz von Mundorff||12. November 1849|
|Friedrich von Zimmerle||January 29, 1866|
|Adolf von Seubert||July 20, 1870 to December 29, 1872|
|Friedrich Pergler from Perglas||December 30, 1872|
|from Niethammer||February 9, 1878|
|Wilhelm von Süssdorff||23. September 1879|
Lieutenant Colonel / |
|Theodor von Sprösser||May 21, 1884 to November 7, 1886|
|Wilhelm von Riedel||November 8, 1886 to December 14, 1888|
Lieutenant Colonel / |
|Theodor von Bullinger||December 15, 1888 to March 23, 1890|
Lieutenant Colonel / |
|Albert von Pfister||June 10, 1890 to March 9, 1893|
|Oberst||Immanuel von Hiller||March 10, 1893 to December 16, 1896|
|Oberst||Friedrich von Tippelskirch||December 17, 1896 to June 14, 1899|
|Oberst||Julius Müser||July 15, 1899 to January 26, 1901|
|Oberst||Franz Nowina von Axt||January 27 to July 6, 1901|
|Oberst||Hugo von Schempp||July 7, 1901 to February 23, 1905|
|Oberst||Friedrich von Petersdorff||February 24, 1905 to October 15, 1906|
|Lieutenant colonel||Theodor von Wundt||October 16, 1906 to January 26, 1907 (in charge of the tour)|
|Oberst||Theodor von Wundt||January 27, 1907 to March 19, 1911|
|Oberst||Hermann von Stein||March 20, 1911 to April 21, 1914|
|Oberst||Otto Haas||April 22nd to December 26th, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Wilhelm Bader||December 27, 1914 to April 5, 1915 (substitute)|
|Oberst||Otto Haas||April 6, 1915 to April 20, 1916|
|Lieutenant colonel||Reinhold Lägeler||April 21, 1916 to January 3, 1919|
|Oberst||Wilhelm Bader||January 8 to November 3, 1919|
In Weingarten, the "Sechserweg" was named after the regiment. The "Sechserbrunnen" in the Sechserweg bears the inscription "Unseren Sechsern".
Persons in the regiment
- Paul Bausch  , politician
- Carl von Martens was a lieutenant in the regiment in 1809 ( major general in 1849 ). 
- Carl Ludwig Unrat (born June 1, 1828 in Fürfeld near Heilbronn, † October 18, 1908 in Stuttgart) joined the regiment as a volunteer in 1843. In 1847 he switched to the music corps of the 1st Infantry Brigade as a clarinetist, where he was promoted to music master in 1862. Unrat composed numerous marches, including the “King Karl March” (parade march in the stride of the field artillery regiment (1st Württ.) No. 13) and the “arrival march” (parade march in company fronts of the Royal Bavarian 15th Infantry Regiment ). 
- Erwin Rommel , who later became the “desert fox” of World War II , joined the regiment as a flag junior and began his career as an officer there.
- Oskar Farny , Politician
- Main State Archives Stuttgart : Holdings M 739 Bü 11
- Koch: History of the infantry regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württ.) No. 124. 1893.
- Strebinger: History of the Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württemberg) No. 124 1673–1895. Ulm 1896.
- Ferdinand Fromm : History of the Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm II (6th Württemberg) No. 124. 2nd edition, Weingarten 1910.
- Gerhard Wolters: The Infantry Regiment King Wilhelm I (6th Württemberg) No. 124 in World War 1914-18. Belser, Stuttgart 1921. (Volume 15 of the series The Württemberg Regiments in World War I , available digitally at urn : nbn: de: bsz: 24-digibib-bsz4079413478 )
- Otto von Moser : The Württemberg people in the world war. Belser, Stuttgart 1927.
- Leo Ignaz von Stadlinger: History of the Württemberg war system. Guttenberg, Stuttgart 1856.
- Hans-Joachim Harder: Military history handbook Baden-Württemberg. Edited by the Military History Research Office . Kohlhammer , Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-17-009856-X .
- Uniform regulations for the Royal Württemberg Military. Royal Court and Chancellery Printing House Gebrüder Mäntler, Stuttgart 1818.
- Württ. Government Gazette 1811 Nro. 25, June 1, p. 265: “With the intention of reviving the previously established establishment of naming cavalry and infantry regiments, at the same time also to honor and reward excellent military services in a special way, I found I moved to order the following: 1. For the lasting memory of my immortalized Mr. Father, King Wilhelm Majesty, the 3rd Cavalry Regiment and the 6th Infantry Regiment, which were named "Crown Prince" under the government of King Friedrich , now bear the name "King Wilhelm". "
- “Following the Austrian model, the regiments changed their garrisons in 1833 and 1842 in order to prevent the cadres from becoming firmly rooted in the cities.” Quoted from Harder, page 66
- Moser, page 75
- quoted from Moser, page 765
- In March 1917 the general commands of the army corps were converted into so-called group commands. These troops were no longer permanently subordinate to them, but were assigned to them alternately by the Supreme Army Command .
- Capitain von Valois had the poles burned; the strongest grenadiers wore the scarves wrapped around their bodies.
- Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . Pp. 325-327.
- Memoirs and findings of a Swabian MP. Korntal 1969
- August Wintterlin: Martens, Carl von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1884, p. 471 f.
- Entry in the dictionary on military music in Württemberg ( Memento of the original from January 1, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.