Infantry Regiment "von Voigts-Rhetz" (3rd Hannoversches) No. 79 - Infanterie-Regiment „von Voigts-Rhetz“ (3. Hannoversches) Nr. 79

Infantry Regiment "von Voigts-Rhetz" (3rd Hannoversches) No. 79

active November 5, 1866 to September 30, 1919
State coat of arms Kingdom of Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterieregiment
Insinuation X Army Corps
Location Hildesheim
management
Commanders See commanders

The Infantry Regiment "from Voigt-Rhetz" (3 Hannoversches) No. 79 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

story

Postcard from approx. 1910: barracks of the regiment in Hildesheim

The association was formed by AKO on September 27, 1866 from various regiments of the 7th Division in Magdeburg and from November 5, 1866 (foundation day) was named Infantry Regiment No. 79 . It was subordinate to the 39th Infantry Brigade ( X. Army Corps ) and had its garrison in Hildesheim . The AKO of November 7th, 1867 gave the regiment the provincial designation "Hannoversches" and from this point on it was called 3rd Hannoversches Infanterie-Regiment No. 79 .

In memory of Konstantin Bernhard von Voigts-Rhetz , Wilhelm II gave the regiment the name of the deceased General of the Infantry on January 27, 1889 , which until the dissolution of the Infantry Regiment "von Voigts-Rhetz" (3rd Hannoversches) No. 79 was called .

Wilhelm II also determined on January 24, 1899 that the foundation day of the infantry regiment "von Voigts-Rhetz" (3rd Hannoversches) No. 79 should be set on January 3, 1838, in tradition and in memory of the Hanoverian Leib-Regiment be.

Franco-German War

Seal of the Infantry Regiment "von Voigts-Rhetz" (3rd Hannoversches) No. 79

On the night of July 16-17, 1870, the regiment received the order to mobilize for war against France . On July 29, 1870, the association was driven by rail via Hanover , Düsseldorf and Cologne to Bingerbrück . From there it began the march via Wöllstein to St. Ingbert and crossed the German-French border on August 8, 1870.

On August 16, 1870, the regiment took part in the Battle of Mars-la-Tour and two days later in the Battle of Gravelotte . This was followed by the enclosure of Metz until October . In November the association fought in the Battle of Beaune-la-Rolande and parts were used from December 16, 1870 to January 6, 1871 during the fighting for Vendôme . Then it was until January 12th at Le Mans .

After the peace treaty, the regiment remained in France as an occupying force. On 21/22 June 1871, the association was transported back to the garrison by rail from Vitry via Nancy , Haguenau , Wissembourg , Ludwigshafen , Frankfurt am Main and Kassel .

First World War

At the beginning of the First World War , the regiment was mobilized on August 2, 1914. It moved into neutral Belgium in association with the 39th Infantry Brigade , took part in the conquest of Liège and the fighting for Namur . Subsequently, the regiment advanced to France, where it was in position battles on the Aisne until April 1915 . Subordinated to the 40th Infantry Brigade since March 22, 1915, it moved to the Eastern Front at the end of the month and was used here for the first time in the Battle of Gorlice-Tarnów . After further fighting, including the battle of Lemberg, the regiment briefly returned to the Western Front . In October 1915, the association was thrown into the autumn battle in Champagne and was then again in trench warfare on the Aisne. For a few months from June to November 1916 the regiment was again in service in the east and during this time also received a 2nd and 3rd MG company. After returning to the west, the regiment was again on the Aisne, fought in Lorraine and in April 1917 in the Battle of the Aisne . Used for the last time in the east from July to September 1917, the association then entered the trench warfare in Flanders and Artois . During the autumn battle in Flandersthe regiment was wiped out on October 4, 1917 near Zonnebeke and was mostly taken prisoner. The remnants were then combined in a battalion on October 7th, and shortly afterwards the association was restored by supplying replacements . In the last year of the war, the regiment was involved in the German spring offensive in March / April 1918 and then found itself almost exclusively in defensive battles with heavy losses. It was replaced in August 1918 when the 2nd Battalion of the disbanded Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 260 was incorporated. During the fighting at Havrincourtthe regiment was broken up on September 27th and fell mostly into captivity. The remnants formed a combat battalion with three companies, and this combat battalion was completely wiped out on October 8 at Prémont. In mid-October the regiment again consisted of three battalions. The 4th, 8th and 12th companies could not be formed again due to the lack of a replacement position and were therefore disbanded. Towards the end of the month the 2nd Battalion of the disbanded Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 273 was integrated into the 1st Battalion and the association was supplemented by an MW company.

Whereabouts

After the Armistice of Compiègne , the remnants of the regiment returned to Hildesheim, where it was demobilized on December 3, 1918 and finally disbanded on September 30, 1919.

Various free formations were formed from demobilized parts . In January 1919, each battalion formed a security company. These went with the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr in the III. Battalion of the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 19 and the 1st Battalion of the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 20.

Other parts were with the border guard battalion "Förster" and with the security service in Hanover. In addition, a Hildesheim security machine gun company was set up. This later formed the 1st MG company of the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 20.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 7th Company of the 16th Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [1]
Oberst Eduard von Valentini October 30, 1866 to June 2, 1871
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Paul von Baumeister June 20, 1871 to May 17, 1876
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Arndt von Steuben May 18, 1876 to November 15, 1882
Lieutenant colonel Maximilian von Lindeiner called von Wildau November 16, 1882 to October 17, 1883 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Maximilian von Lindeiner called von Wildau October 18, 1883 to November 14, 1884
Oberst Julius Herzbruch November 15, 1884 to August 3, 1888
Oberst Rudolf von Spankeren 0 August 4, 1888 to April 17, 1891
Oberst Eugen von Schlegell April 18, 1891 to February 16, 1894
Oberst Friedrich Paris February 17, 1894 to March 21, 1897
Oberst Hugo von Collani March 22, 1897 to April 7, 1901
Oberst Maximilian von Engelbrechten April 18, 1901 to July 19, 1904
Oberst Wilhelm von Harbou May 22, 1904 to June 1, 1908
Oberst Friedrich von Wussow 0 June 2, 1908 to February 19, 1912
Oberst Ernst Roessler February 20, 1912 to August 1, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Leo von Koblinski 0 August 2 to September 29, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Robert von Wegerer September 30, 1914 to January 18, 1915
Major/Oberstleutnant/Oberst Leopold von Ledebur January 19, 1915 to July 26, 1918
Major Wilhelm Niemann July 30 to December 17, 1918
Oberst Robert von Wegerer December 18, 1918 to September 30, 1919

literature

History of the Kgl. Prussia. Infantry Regiment v. Voigts-Rhetz (3rd Hannov.) No. 79 in World War 1914–1918. with cuff Gibraltar .
  • Heinz Brandes: History of the Kgl. Prussia. Infantry Regiment v. Voigts-Rhetz (3rd Hannov.) No. 79 in World War 1914–1918. Publishing House Officer Association v. Voigts-Rhetz, Verlag August Lax , Hildesheim o. J. (probably 1930).
  • Max Buhlers, Paul Hülsemann: History of the infantry regiment from Voigts-Rhetz (3rd Hanoverian) No. 79. Verlag Gebr. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1907.
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , pp. 143-144.
  • von Ober-Conreut: Brief description of the history of the infantry regiment von Voigts-Rhetz (3rd Hannoversches No. 79). August Lax, Hildesheim 1910.
  • Poten: The Old Hanoverian traditions of the infantry regiment von Voigts-Rhetz (3rd Hanoverian) No. 79. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1903.
  • Briefly Wenzel: Officer master list of the Royal Prussian Infantry Regiment von Voigts-Rhetz (3rd Hannoversches) No. 79. ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1902.

Individual evidence

  1. Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments, as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 206-207 .