Jábega (network) - Jábega (red)

The seine is a large fishing net made of hemp thread , composed of several pieces that make up its bands and flake, which among fishermen are called Tire .

It comes from the classical Arabic sabaka, xábaka or šabbāk , which means precisely network, in modern Arabic, شباك الصيد ( shibak alsayd ). Moroccans express it with the word xibiga and some use of this network has been made on the coasts of Africa .

In our continent it is signified under different names, according to the variety of ports. In those of Catalonia , according to the language of their natives, it is called Art , equivalent to the Spanish name Art . In those of Valencia they add a voice of excellence or superiority, naming it Arte Real . In those of Andalusia , they extend the meaning to title it Arte de Malla Real . Elsewhere they name the seine interchangeably Boliche in some Bol and this tenor but it is generally known by the meaning seine . In Portugalit is also used, and is called xávega .

For the exact news of this network, it will be enough to give a general description of it, as is appropriate to know the extent of its fishing, which is large and perhaps no less worthy of being celebrated than that of herring , following the line of water that indicates the situation of the indicated coasts, according to each of its maritime provinces with the actions, uses and customs of its fishermen.

Composition of the seine

This net itself, considered as a sweeper or draft , is a compound of pieces of different meshes provided to the parts in which they are placed to form a prolonged bag, which is finished off by two long legs or bands, the same as the Ganguil , the Bou and the Bowling , without a doubt. There is only half the difference between these gears, that the seine has much longer bands and consequently the codend: as well as that the Ganguil and the Bou do their fishing by tracking or roping with sailboats and the seine is by force of pulling she many men, as happens with the Bowling , although in smaller numbers.

Regulations of the seine

In the fact of going to sink the seine, which for this purpose the arráez has already prepared in the boat and in the state of leaving the shore, it leaves one of the ends of the two calones on land, the rowers sail towards the sea: consequently they continue to cast the net and after it they release the end of the other block to form a semicircle, at which end the boat turns its course towards the same shore until it drops everything, where it docks well away from the first point where it left the first cape. The sailors disembarked without arrest and united with the land people, began to pull for both ends.

These, to verify it with more activity and without so much fatigue, are particularly provided with a rope of hemp or esparto like a rod and a half at the end of which is a cork of the waste, for which purpose it is lined up through the central hole of he and to hold it, a knot is tied , which in many places is called a cinglet . With this kind of handle or strap, they only take it by the end opposite the cork and as the ends of the bands begin to be taut, they whip them at which point, with the counterweight of the cork, the Cingleta is screwed.. In this way, applying the jabegote instantly to the right shoulder, it supports him to push or pull the net while walking until it reaches the point where its pushing must cease and it must be unhooked because the ropes are being patted in which case it returns towards the edge of the water to throw the cingleta again and with similar continuation they all continue until they bring the net to land.


Historical Dictionary of the National Fishing Arts, Volume 5 , Antonio Sañez Reguart, 1790