Jörg Amann - Jörg Amann

Jörg Amann , also Jörg Amman , Jörg Ammann or Jörg Aman (* around 1450; † 1514/15 [1] ) was a city ​​doctor in Ravensburg and Esslingen am Neckar and the author of a plague booklet .


Little is known about Amann's life. It is unknown, for example, where he received his medical doctorate . From December 1479 to 1490 he worked as a doctor in Ravensburg. Around 150 years after the European plague pandemic broke out , Amann experienced at least one plague epidemic in Ravensburg around 1484 . At that time the abbot and many canons of the nearby Premonstratensian monastery in Weißenau died .

From 1493 the Esslingen city council tried to appoint Amann as city doctor, especially since the city had not had its own city doctor for many years. Correspondence between Esslinger and Ravensburg offices shows that Amann must have been working as a doctor in Ravensburg and the surrounding area at that time. The Weißenauer abbot, the truchess von Waldburg and the count von Montfort related in letters for Amann's stay in Ravensburg. Esslingen, however, insisted on the appointment that had already been negotiated with Amann (probably for life), and so Amann finally took up his position there in 1496 as city doctor.

In Ravensburg, Dr. Jörg Aman mentioned in tax books in 1497, 1503, 1506 and 1512.

The plague booklet from 1494

The little plague book from 1494 ( Museum Humpis-Quartier , Ravensburg)
Excerpt from the little plague book

In 1494 Amann wrote a little book on the plague in German. The choice of language suggests that the manuscript was not intended for doctors, but was written for the city council or a wealthy citizen. The full title of the plague regime, written in the Lower Alemannic dialect, reads: Regimendt in dying Löuffen Anno 1494, Jörg Ammann of the Medicine Doctor zu Rauenspurg . The 16 × 21.2 cm manuscript is in the Ravensburg City Archives (signature Bü 36 d).

Amann describes, translating the texts of (as he himself says) the most learned doctors, in the booklet the symptoms of the plague , preventive measures and treatment options. As a preventive measure, Amann recommends drinking pomegranate juice and wine, avoiding nasty, poisoned air, scattering herbs around the house and smoking them, adding disinfectant to the aftershave, and taking regular baths and clearing your veins. For stronger patients, for example, he advises the bloodletting, which was used as standard at the time, to be used brutally:

"And if the veins are big and foll and the person is rout and beautiful under the face and has a full life eat and drink with fil work and is not over 60 years, then he had fil bluotzß by im That so should man let him in until it becomes ineffective ”.

The booklet also contains an assessment of the tolerance of numerous foods. He divides the preventive means into those for rich patients (such as the cosmic powers of pearls, corals, precious stones and gold platelets, which the wealthy patrician families, for example the Ravensburger Handelsgesellschaft, certainly possessed in sufficient quantities) and poorer patients (borage and carnation flowers, sage, mint , Juniper berries, etc.).

As therapy, Amann mentions burning out or ointing the plague bumps as well as administering pills made from aloe, saffron and myrrh. He also does not neglect psychological aspects and recommends a cheerful disposition at all times, which the patient should achieve through music, reading, jewelry and beautiful clothing.

More texts

Ammon, Georg and Hieronymus, Dr. med. de Esslingen in Cod. Pal. lat. 1297 in Rome, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana (according to Schuba catalog).


  • Hartmut Broszinski : Amman (n), Jörg. In: The German literature of the Middle Ages. Author Lexicon . 2nd Edition. Volume 1. De Gruyter, Berlin et al. 1978, ISBN 3-11-007264-5 , Sp. 331.
  • Beate Falk: little plague book from the Ravensburg city doctor Dr. Jörg Aman. In: Andreas Schmauder (ed.): The power of mercy. The hospital environment . UVK, Konstanz 2000, ISBN 3-87940-718-5 , pp. 130f. (= Historic City of Ravensburg; Volume 1)
  • Ulrich Gaier et al. (Ed.): Schwabenspiegel. Literature from the Neckar to Lake Constance 1000–1800. Volume 1. OEW, Ulm 2003, ISBN 3-937184-00-7 , pp. 342-347 and p. 391.
  • Ulrich Gaier et al. (Ed.): Schwabenspiegel. Literature from the Neckar to Lake Constance 1000–1800. Reader 3. OEW, Ulm 2005, ISBN 3-86142-356-1 , pp. 165–167 (reprint of text excerpts from the Pestbüchlein: pp. 13f., 18, 23, 29, transcribed by Hans Schimpf-Reinhart)
  • Tobias Hafner : History of the City of Ravensburg. According to sources and document collections . Ravensburg 1887 (with edition of the Pestbüchlein)
  • Manfred Schlözer: The doctors and pharmacists of the imperial city of Esslingen in the 15th century. History of the Esslinger Arzneitaxe from 1496. Dissertation, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, 2002. (full text)
  • Wolfgang Wegner: Amman, Jörg. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 51.


Individual evidence

  1. His widow Barbara Weylin is attested on November 12, 1515, cf. Iris Holzwart-Schäfer: The Carmelite Monastery in Esslingen (1271-1557) . Ostfildern 2011, p. 259, note 129