The geometrically laid out cemetery was planned by Hermann Guttmann and Bernhard Kynast after the division of the Jewish community into an eastern and a western community in the early 1950s and was inaugurated in November 1955. Curt Leschnitzer designed the chapel and the administration building, which with two gates form a small courtyard. In 1966 and 1979 the cemetery was expanded.
The memorial for the Jewish victims of the Nazi regime was built in 1960 by Josef M. Lellek using stones from the destroyed synagogue on Fasanenstrasse . The 2 m × 1 m × 1 m memorial stone resembles a sarcophagus and shows a Star of David. It bears the inscription: " To those who had to give up their lives under the rule of the monster for eternal memory 1933–1945 ". In front of the memorial, an urn with ashes from victims from the Auschwitz concentration camp was buried in 1984. Around the memorial stone, there are small red grave slabs in a wide circle that survivors of the Holocaust had erected for their loved ones who had died.
After two attacks on the cemetery in September and December 1998 in which the stone on the grave of Heinz Galinski was almost completely destroyed,  , another bomb attack on the cemetery took place on March 16 of 2002. In all cases, the culprit has not yet been determined. 
The following graves are cared for as honorary graves of the State of Berlin:
- Heinz Galinski (1912–1992), chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany
- Hans Rosenthal (1925–1987), television presenter, chairman of the assembly of representatives of the Jewish community
- Siegmund Weltlinger (1886–1974), founding member and first Jewish chairman of the Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation in Berlin
- Jeanette Wolff (1888–1976), politician, chairwoman of the assembly of representatives of the Jewish community
Other well-known personalities
- Gerhard Baader , medical historian
- Gad Beck , resistance fighter
- Martin Berliner , actor
- Jack Bilbo , writer, painter, draftsman, gallery owner, casual worker, cabin boy, captain, adventurer, bon vivant and bohemian
- Artur Brauner , film producer
- Ernst Deutsch , actor
- Wolf Gradis , physician and musician
- Lotti Huber , actress, singer, dancer and author
- Heinrich Eduard Jacob , writer and journalist
- Julius Klausner (1874–1950), entrepreneur, founder of the Leiser shoes company
- Gerhard Löwenthal , journalist and political scientist
- Estrongo Nachama , Chief Cantor of the Jewish Community
- Abraham Pisarek , Photographer
- Rafael Roth , entrepreneur
- Michel Schwalbé , violinist, concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic
- Joachim G. Jacobs: The extension of the Jewish cemetery on Scholzplatz in Berlin. In: The garden art . 15 (1/2003), pp. 159-169.
- Jewish cemetery in Heerstrasse / Scholzplatz. In: Lexicon: Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf from A to Z. District Office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf of Berlin, accessed on December 6, 2011 .
- Hainer Weißpflug: Cemetery in Charlottenburg . In: Hans-Jürgen Mende , Kurt Wernicke (Hrsg.): Berliner Bezirkslexikon, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf . Luisenstadt educational association . Haude and Spener / Edition Luisenstadt, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-7759-0479-4 ( luise-berlin.de - as of October 7, 2009).
- Heerstrasse - Jewish community in Berlin. In: jg-berlin.org. Retrieved August 17, 2016 .
- Attack on Heinz Galinski's tomb. In: Berliner Zeitung . September 29, 1998 ( berliner-zeitung.de ).
- Jewish community calls for more protection for the cemetery after the attack. In: Berliner Zeitung. March 18, 2002 ( berliner-zeitung.de ).