Jürgen Christian Findorff - Jürgen Christian Findorff
Jürgen Christian Findorff (born February 22, 1720 in Lauenburg / Elbe ; † July 31, 1792 in Bremervörde ; buried on August 3, 1792 in Iselersheim near Bremervörde) became known as a peat colonizer. He measured, drained and populated the moors between Wümme and Hamme , the Teufelsmoor northeast of Bremen , with colonists. Because of his commitment to the colonists, he was nicknamed the “father of all peat farmers”.
Jürgen Christian Findorff was born as the son of the cabinet maker Hinrich Möller in Lauenburg on the Elbe. According to the church book, this was called "Findorff" from 1720 onwards. Like his younger brother Johann Dietrich Findorff (1722–1772), who later worked as a court painter at the Mecklenburg court, he first learned the carpentry trade from his father. At the age of 19 he took over his father's workshop. Due to his skill, the Hanoverian agricultural master supported him and provided Findorff with further training in the fields of hydraulic engineering and land surveying . Findorff led the construction of the Worpsweder Zionskirche (1757–1759), and he also designed and built the churches in Grasberg (1781–1789) and Gnarrenburg(1784-1790). He was also responsible for building mills, bridges and town halls.
From 1751 Findorff worked on the moor colonization , a project by the Elector of Hanover to drain and settle the moors between Wümme and Hamme. He founded numerous villages in the Teufelsmoor , initially Wörpedorf (1751) and Eickedorf (1753).
In this context, the Osterholzer Hafenkanal was built in 1765/66 , which leads from the Hamme near Tietjens Hütte to the outskirts of today's Osterholz-Scharmbeck . In addition, Findorff was involved in the construction of the Hamme-Oste Canal (1769–1790) and the Oste - Schwinge Canal (from 1772).
On September 20, 1771 he was by a certificate from Georg III. appointed official moor commissioner. That Findorff was not only concerned with the technical side of land reclamation, but also with the well-being of the settlers, can be seen from the moor catechism he wrote for Findorff settlements .
From 1782 Findorff relocated his activities in the peatland colonization in the area around Bremervörde . In total he founded 42 new villages on 140 km² of moorland. In 1799 an obelisk was erected in his memory on the Weyerberg near Worpswede .
Named after Findorff
Today streets and paths are named after him in numerous places in the region.
- Bremen-Findorff , a district in Bremen
- there the Findorffallee, Findorffstraße , Findorff school center and Findorfftunnel
- Findorf (founded in 1780, in Gnarrenburg since 1974 )
- Findorff House in Osterholz-Scharmbeck (former Findorff's official residence)
- Elementary school "Findorffschule" in Rübhofstrasse in Osterholz-Scharmbeck
- Elementary school "Findorff Elementary School" Iselersheim
- Findorff Church in Iselersheim
- Findorff House, museum with permanent exhibition about Findorff and the peat colonization, in Iselersheim
- Findorff secondary school in Bremervörde
- A replica of a peat barge
- Findorff pharmacy in Grasberg
- Hofanlage Findorffhof in Grasberg
- Secondary and secondary school "Findorffschule" in Grasberg
- Findorffstraße in Lauenburg/Elbe
- Findorffstraße in Worpswede
- Findorffstrasse in Osterholz-Scharmbeck
- Findorffstraße in Bremervörde
- Jürgen-Christian-Findorff-Str. in Lilienthal
- Elementary school "Findorff-Grundschule" Neudorf-Platendorf
- Findorff-Weg in Neuenkirchen
- 2012: The brothers Findorff - Exhibition of 18 March until 30 September 2012 in the Art Show Lilienthal the Lilienthaler Art Foundation in Lilienthal (near Bremen) 
- Karl Ernst Hermann Krause: Findorf, Jürgen Christian . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 15.
- Erich Weise: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9 , p. 157 ( ). In:
- Tim Wöbbeking: The Findorff brothers. In: Heimat-Rundblick. History, culture, nature . No. 101, 2/2012 ( summer 2012 ). Druckerpresse-Verlag , , p. 9.
- In the footsteps of the bog colonizer Jürgen Christian Findorff
- Files on the appointment of Moor Commissioner Jürgen Christian Findorff by King Georg III., 1771–1793, 252 sheets on kulturerbe.niedersachsen.de
- The Findorff Brothers at the Lilienthal Art Foundation , Lilienthal (near Bremen)
- The Findorff Brothers ( Memento of the original from November 24, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . On: Website of the Lilienthal Art Foundation , Lilienthal. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
|NAME||Findorff, Jürgen Christian|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Moor colonizer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 22, 1720|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lauenburg / Elbe|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 31, 1792|
|Place of death||Bremervörde|