Oelbeck moved in 1988 from TSV Neustadt in Holstein to VfB Lübeck and came for the club in 1989 in the promotion round to the Oberliga Nord for his first appearance in the men's team. In the following season he established himself as a regular player in the association league and in 1990 moved to the third division club Eutin 08 . With the Rosenstadt team, however, he was relegated from the league after only one season and rejoined VfB, where he was to play an increasingly important role: at the age of 21, he became the captain of the Hanseatic city team and was the only player to graduate in 1991/92 in the squad all 36 season games.  In 1993 he returned to the third division league with the Lübeck team, followed by a surprising promotion to the second division two years later.
There, too, the defensive midfielder initially played an important role in the North German squad and made 22 appearances in the first second division season. At the end of the 1996/97 season, in which he only played eight times for VfB, Oelbeck decided against continuing his professional career for professional reasons and moved to the upper division TSV Pansdorf . The police chief inspector was then used as a player for TSV Sarau and SV Todesfelde and after the end of his active career took over the coaching position at the amateur clubs TSV Sarau and SG Sarau / Bosau. 
- Volker Schinkewitz: Team spirit is important for Jürgen Oelbeck. In: Ostholsteiner Anzeiger. December 31, 2010, accessed August 31, 2020 .
- Christian Jessen: Oelbeck, Jürgen . In: VfB Lübeck: A century of football history in the Hanseatic city . Die Werkstatt GmbH, July 31, 2019, ISBN 978-3-7307-0460-8 , p. 337.
- Christian Jessen: VfB Lübeck: A Century of Football History in the Hanseatic City . Die Werkstatt GmbH, July 31, 2019, ISBN 978-3-7307-0460-8 , p. 168.
- Roland Kenzo: SG Sarau / Bosau: Pigorsch and Bischkopf represent Oelbeck. In: hlsports.de. August 30, 2020, accessed August 31, 2020 .
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German soccer player|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 10, 1971|