Josef Kleesattel - Josef Kleesattel
Peter Josef Kleesattel (born March 1, 1852 in Cologne ;  † March 29, 1926 in Düsseldorf  ) was a German architect . His work was formative for church building in the Rhineland . The term “Kleesattel churches” established itself for his places of worship.  
Born as the son of the baker Hermann Joseph Kleesattel and his wife Maria Catharina Kleesattel Mommertz 1852 in Cologne, Hämergasse 21 born,  visited the Joseph College St. apostles and the Royal provincial trade school in his hometown. After graduating from high school, he turned to architecture. Before his studies he worked for the architect and contractor Claasen and then for the architect J. Hinden in Cologne until 1872. He studied architecture at the technical universities in Vienna , Munich and Stuttgart .
In Vienna he was able to gain practical experience for a year at the Vienna construction company under the architect Ludwig Tischler . From 1874 to 1878 he worked in Julius Raschdorff's architectural office in Cologne. In 1878 he moved to Berlin with Raschdorff at the Technical University of Charlottenburg and the Berlin Building Academy . From 1883 to 1902 he taught as a specialist teacher for furniture and architectural drawing at the Düsseldorf School of Applied Arts . During this time, on the occasion of the inauguration of the Rochus Church in Düsseldorf on May 2, 1897, he was given the title of Professorawarded. After teaching, which he gave up in October 1902, he worked as a private architect.
In addition to churches, he designed furnishings, equipment, architectural decorations and monuments. In the Rhine Province he was a valued church builder. He received the first order for a larger church building in 1887 for the Catholic parish church of St. Josef in Viersen ; further orders followed, especially for churches on the Lower Rhine . In 1902 he acted as head of the construction department of the industrial and commercial exhibition in Düsseldorf , in 1904 as chairman and head of the construction department of the international art exhibition and large horticultural exhibition in Düsseldorf . For his services, Kleesattel was awarded the Prussian Golden State Medal for Art and Science at the end of the 1902 exhibitionand awarded the Order of the Red Eagle IV class . Kleesattel was a member of the Düsseldorf artists' association Malkasten , and was on its board from 1904 to 1911. In 1909 he published the book Alt-Düsseldorf im Bild. A collection of local art from the Lower Rhine region .
The term “Kleesattel churches”, which was coined around 1900, refers to neo-Romanesque churches, mostly with double tower facades , the interiors of which are either vaulted or have a flat ceiling. By 1910 40 churches had been built based on his designs.  
The grave of honor of Josef Kleesattel and his family is in the north cemetery in Düsseldorf . Kleesattel was married to the Israelite-born, baptized Catholic Rosa Kleesattel, née Frank (born on August 28, 1850 in Cologne   died on January 23, 1912 in Düsseldorf, Sternstrasse 69  ; Rosa Frank was one daughter of the business loose in 1850, later (1875) Municipal servant of the Jewish community in the Glockengasse , Benjamin Frank (born about 1806 in Dormagen, died on March 1, 1889 in Cologne)  and called his wife Henriette Jetta Frank-born Joel (born about 1812 in Deutz; died on October 5, 1875 in Cologne) ). The Kleesattel / Frank couple had three children, Catharina (* 1880, from 1904 wife of the government architect Johann Erberich), Josef (1883–1941, architect) and Otto (* 1884, banker).
- House for Hugo Lenzberg in Düsseldorf, Inselstrasse 17 (1891–1897, today registry office)
- Catholic parish church St. Rochus in Düsseldorf-Pempelfort (1894–1897)
- Catholic parish church St. Josef in Viersen (1889-1891)
- Catholic parish church St. Johannes Baptist in Krefeld (1892-1894)
- Catholic parish church St. Remigius in Viersen , tower reconstruction (1894–1895)
- Catholic parish church St. Maria Rosenkranz in Mönchengladbach-Eicken , extension and tower construction (1894 to 1896)
- Catholic parish church St. Johannes Baptist in Anrath (until 1898)
- Catholic parish church St. Josef in Koblenz (1894–1898)
- Chapel of the House d'Ester (so-called Marienburg) in Vallendar (1897)
- Kath. Pfarrkirche St. Remigius in Oberweis (1897–1898)
- Catholic parish church St. Gertrudis in Krefeld-Bockum , new tower construction (1897–1899)
- Kath. Pfarrkirche St. Clemens in Süchteln , Orgelempore (1898)
- Catholic parish church St. Remigius in Oberweis (Eifel), 1898
- War memorial 1870/71 (Gothic pinnacle with relief images of Emperors Wilhelm I and Friedrich III) in Viersen (1889)
- Conversion and new construction of Rimburg Castle in Übach-Palenberg (1899–1900)
- Catholic Parish Church of St. Matthew in Thalfang in the Hunsrück (1900)
- Kath. Pfarrkirche St. Aldegundis in Koblenz-Arzheim (1900–1901)
- Colored Bismarck coat of arms on the Bismarck tower in Viersen (1901)
- Catholic parish church of St. Katharina in Willich (until 1901)
- Redesign of the courtyard of Eller Castle (1902)
- Hotel "Römischer Kaiser" in Düsseldorf city center , Stresemannstrasse 26 (1903–1904, today a bank, residential and commercial building)
- Catholic parish church St. Josef in Heinsberg - Laffeld (1903–1904)
- Catholic parish church St. Josef in Mönchengladbach -Rheydt, (1903–1905)
- Kath. Pfarrkirche St. Remigius in Bliesen (1903–1904)
- Great Synagogue in Düsseldorf (1903–1904) 
- Synagogue in Mülheim an der Ruhr (1905–1907) (destroyed)
- Catholic parish church St. Josef in Düsseldorf-Rath (1905–1909)
- Catholic parish church Herz-Jesu in Düsseldorf-Derendorf (1905–1907)
- Catholic parish church Maria Immaculata in Wuppertal-Vohwinkel (1906–1907)
- Artist studio house Sittarder Strasse 5 in Düsseldorf-Pempelfort (1907–1908)
- Catholic parish church St. Maximin Baustert (Eifel), church tower construction (1900–1910)
- Catholic parish church Herz-Jesu in Aachen (1908–1910)
- Catholic parish church St. Elisabeth in Düsseldorf-Stadtmitte (1909–1910)
- Catholic parish church St. Antonius in Düsseldorf-Oberkassel (1909–1910)
- Catholic parish church St. Ursula in Bedburg -Lipp, north aisle and sacristy (1910)
- Catholic parish church St. Blasius in Düsseldorf-Hamm (1910–1911)
- Catholic parish church St. Paulus in Düsseldorf-Düsseltal (1910–1913)
- Catholic Parish Church of the Holy Spirit in Düsseldorf-Pempelfort (1911)
- Catholic parish church St. Ursula in Düsseldorf-Grafenberg (1912)
- Catholic parish church St. Hubertus in the Essen district of Bergerhausen (1912–1914)
- Eulerhof residential development in Düsseldorf-Flingern (1925–1926, together with Walter and Hermann vom Endt )
- Apartment building Rotterdamer Strasse 65 in Düsseldorf-Golzheim (1926)
- Heimatverein Düsseldorfer Jonges e. V. (Ed.): Josef Kleesattel. A commemoration on the 50th anniversary of his death . In: The gate. Düsseldorfer Heimatblätter . Volume 42, Issue 5, Düsseldorf 1976.
- Anna Maria Wellding: Josef Kleesattel. A contribution to the church building of historicism in the Rhineland . Dissertation RWTH Aachen 2018 ( PDF ).
- Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, civil status archive Rhineland, civil status register, regional court district Cologne, registry office Cologne, births, 1852, document no. 731.
- State Archive North Rhine-Westphalia, Dept. Rhineland PA 3103 (civil status register deaths), No. 4969, registry office Düsseldorf (North), document No. 231 from March 30, 1926, died in the house at Sterngasse 69. digital
- Willy Weyres : Catholic churches in the old archbishopric of Cologne and in the Rhenish part of the diocese of Münster . In: 19th century art in the Rhineland . Edited by Eduard Trier and Willy Weyres. Volume 1, Düsseldorf 1980, pp. 75-194, there p. 177.
- Manfred Becker-Huberti (Ed.): Düsseldorfer Kirchen. JP Bachem Verlag, Cologne 2009, p. 66.
- Inge Kähmer: Kleesattel churches in Dusseldorf. Neo-Romanesque in pictures . With the support of the Düsseldorfer Geschichtsverein eV, unpublished edition, Düsseldorf 2011, p. 39.
- In the house at Glockengasse 7, in the immediate vicinity of the house where Josef Kleesattel was born.
- Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, civil status archive Rhineland, civil status register, regional court district Cologne, registry office Cologne, births, 1850, certificate no. 2578.
- Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dept. Rhineland PA 3103 (civil status register of deaths), no. 4303, registry office Düsseldorf (North), document no. 58 of January 14, 1912. digital
- State archive North Rhine-Westphalia, civil archive Rhineland, civil status register, registry office Cologne city, deaths, 1889, document no. 758.
- Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, civil status archive Rhineland, civil status register, regional court district Cologne, registry office Cologne, deaths, 1875, document no. 3479.
|ALTERNATIVNAMEN||Kleesattel, Peter Josef (full name)|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 1, 1852|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cologne|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 29, 1926|
|Place of death||Düsseldorf|