Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 - Königin Elisabeth Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 3

Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3

active June 4, 1860 to April 30, 1919
State Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Insinuation Gardekorps
Location Breslau, Brandenburg an der Havel, Spandau, Wriezen, Charlottenburg

The Queen Elizabeth Grenadier Guards Regiment. 3 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

history

The formation took place within the framework of Roon's army reform of 1860. With AKO of June 28, 1859, the 1st combined grenadier regiment from the Landwehr trunk battalions Görlitz (1st battalion), Breslau ( 2nd Battalion) and Polish Lissa (fusiliers) of the 3rd Guard Landwehr Regiment. The Breslau regiment was assigned as a garrison . In the following years the name of the regiment changed. Initially, from July 4, 1860, the association was called the 3rd Guard Grenadier Regiment . On October 18, 1861, Queen Elisabeth of Prussia was appointed head of the regiment . From this point on, the association used the name3rd Guard Grenadier Regiment Queen Elisabeth . A final change occurred on October 18, 1892. Until the dissolution, the name was Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 .

The recruiting district was that of the V. and VI. Army Corps .

From 1893 to 1896 a new barracks for the regiment was built in Berlin-Charlottenburg ( Westend , Soorstraße / Königin-Elisabeth-Straße / Häselerstraße). [1]

German-Danish War 1864

Cenotaph for grenadier Heinrich Gerlitschke, in Dirmstein , 1870

German War 1866

As part of the Second Army, the regiment took part in the Battle of Trautenau during the German War . At Alt-Rognitz, the grenadiers managed to capture a flag. It was active in the battle of Königgrätz and occupied the Saxon royal seat of Dresden from August 21, 1866 to May 27, 1867 .

Franco-German War 1870/71

In the war against France , the association was first used in the Battle of Gravelotte , then fought at Sedan on September 1, 1870, and worked from September 19, 1870 to January 28, 1871 in the enclosure and siege of Paris . During this time parts of the regiment were involved in the fighting at Le Bourget .

During the deployment, the regiment was transported on a 65-hour train ride from Breslau to Mannheim , where it arrived on the night of July 31, 1870. From there it was supposed to get on foot, in forced marches, to the French border near Saarbrücken . On that day, at the exit of Dirmstein , in the direction of Obersülzen , 3 grenadiers died of heat stroke . Cenotaphs for two of them still exist in Dirmstein today , their actual grave is in the Obersülzen cemetery.

First World War 1914/18

Whereabouts

After the armistice in Compiègne , the remnants of the regiment returned to Germany and were demobilized in Berlin-Charlottenburg on December 13, 1918 . Various free formations were formed from parts. In January 1919, a volunteer division / Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 (also called volunteer company "Elisabeth") was formed, which was used in the 1st Guard Reserve Division in the Baltic States. Other parts joined the volunteer detachments “von Oven” and “Schauroth” as well as the Kolberg Guard Battalion of the OHL in the Eastern Border Guard .

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 5th Company of the 5th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment in Prenzlau by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General der Infanterie Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 . In the Wehrmacht she continued the regimental staff and the 13th and 14th companies of the 67th Infantry Regiment.

Regimentschef

After the death of the first head of the regiment, Queen Elisabeth of Prussia (1801–1873), Wilhelm II conferred this dignity on Crown Princess Sophie of Greece on May 20, 1898 .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [2]
Oberst Karl von Winterfeld 0 July 1, 1860 to August 12, 1864
Oberst Gustav von Pritzelwitz August 13, 1864 to October 29, 1866
Oberst Wilhelm von Döring October 30, 1866 to July 13, 1870
Oberst Konrad von Zaluskowski July 14th to October 30th, 1870
Oberst Julius von Sommerfeld December 11, 1870 to February 9, 1872
Oberst Oskar von Meerscheidt-Hüllessem February 10, 1872 to October 15, 1874
Oberst Sigismund von Schlichting October 27, 1874 to March 11, 1878
Oberst Eduard von Stocken March 12, 1878 to August 16, 1882
Oberst Arthur von Kretschmann August 17, 1882 to January 11, 1884
Oberst Leo von Beczwarzowsky January 12, 1884 to February 4, 1887
Oberst Ferdinand von Lütcken 0 February 5, 1887 to January 26, 1890
Oberst Anton Herwarth von Bittenfeld January 27, 1890 to March 24, 1893
Oberst Mortimer von Buddenbrock-Hettersdorff March 25, 1893 to December 16, 1896
Oberst Paul von Ploetz December 17, 1896 to August 11, 1898
Oberst Moriz from Lyncker August 27, 1898 to August 24, 1901
Oberst Wilhelm von and zu Egloffstein August 24 to September 24, 1901 (deputy)
Oberst Fritz von Below November 14, 1901 to August 23, 1904
Oberst Hermann von François August 24, 1904 to November 17, 1907
Oberst Arnold von Winckler November 18, 1907 to March 21, 1910
Oberst Georg von Oppen March 22 to October 2, 1910
Oberst Adolf Wild von Hohenborn 0 October 3, 1910 to April 5, 1912
Oberst Richard von Brauchitsch 0 April 6, 1912 to August 2, 1914
Oberst Gustav Boehm 0 August 2, 1914 to March 23, 1916
Oberst Karl von Fabeck March 24 to July 2, 1916
Lieutenant colonel Gerhard von Heymann 0 July 3 to October 19, 1916
Major Siegfried zu Eulenburg-Wicken October 20 to November 5, 1916 (substitute)
Major/Oberstleutnant Heinrich von Hadeln 0 November 6, 1916 to January 20, 1919
Oberst Gerhard von Heymann January 21 to April 30, 1919

badge

The regiment had the name "Queen Elisabeth" with the royal crown on yellow armpits, plus Brandenburg lapels with dark blue sleeve plates and yellow buttons. The officers have two curved golden braids with embroidered grenades on each side of the collar.

literature

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. berlin.de (accessed September 28, 2019)
  2. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 21-22 .