Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 - Königin Elisabeth Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 3
Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3
|active||June 4, 1860 to April 30, 1919|
|Armed forces||Prussian Army|
|Branch of service||Infantry|
|Location||Breslau, Brandenburg an der Havel, Spandau, Wriezen, Charlottenburg|
The formation took place within the framework of Roon's army reform of 1860. With AKO of June 28, 1859, the 1st combined grenadier regiment from the Landwehr trunk battalions Görlitz (1st battalion), Breslau ( 2nd Battalion) and Polish Lissa (fusiliers) of the 3rd Guard Landwehr Regiment. The Breslau regiment was assigned as a garrison . In the following years the name of the regiment changed. Initially, from July 4, 1860, the association was called the 3rd Guard Grenadier Regiment . On October 18, 1861, Queen Elisabeth of Prussia was appointed head of the regiment . From this point on, the association used the name3rd Guard Grenadier Regiment Queen Elisabeth . A final change occurred on October 18, 1892. Until the dissolution, the name was Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 .
German-Danish War 1864
- Skirmishes at Heisekro and Stoukrup
- Fredericia , Horsens, three flags were captured at the Düppeler Schanzen .
German War 1866
As part of the Second Army, the regiment took part in the Battle of Trautenau during the German War . At Alt-Rognitz, the grenadiers managed to capture a flag. It was active in the battle of Königgrätz and occupied the Saxon royal seat of Dresden from August 21, 1866 to May 27, 1867 .
Franco-German War 1870/71
In the war against France , the association was first used in the Battle of Gravelotte , then fought at Sedan on September 1, 1870, and worked from September 19, 1870 to January 28, 1871 in the enclosure and siege of Paris . During this time parts of the regiment were involved in the fighting at Le Bourget .
During the deployment, the regiment was transported on a 65-hour train ride from Breslau to Mannheim , where it arrived on the night of July 31, 1870. From there it was supposed to get on foot, in forced marches, to the French border near Saarbrücken . On that day, at the exit of Dirmstein , in the direction of Obersülzen , 3 grenadiers died of heat stroke . Cenotaphs for two of them still exist in Dirmstein today , their actual grave is in the Obersülzen cemetery.
First World War 1914/18
After the armistice in Compiègne , the remnants of the regiment returned to Germany and were demobilized in Berlin-Charlottenburg on December 13, 1918 . Various free formations were formed from parts. In January 1919, a volunteer division / Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 (also called volunteer company "Elisabeth") was formed, which was used in the 1st Guard Reserve Division in the Baltic States. Other parts joined the volunteer detachments “von Oven” and “Schauroth” as well as the Kolberg Guard Battalion of the OHL in the Eastern Border Guard .
The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 5th Company of the 5th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment in Prenzlau by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General der Infanterie Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 . In the Wehrmacht she continued the regimental staff and the 13th and 14th companies of the 67th Infantry Regiment.
|Oberst||Karl von Winterfeld||July 1, 1860 to August 12, 1864|
|Oberst||Gustav von Pritzelwitz||August 13, 1864 to October 29, 1866|
|Oberst||Wilhelm von Döring||October 30, 1866 to July 13, 1870|
|Oberst||Konrad von Zaluskowski||July 14th to October 30th, 1870|
|Oberst||Julius von Sommerfeld||December 11, 1870 to February 9, 1872|
|Oberst||Oskar von Meerscheidt-Hüllessem||February 10, 1872 to October 15, 1874|
|Oberst||Sigismund von Schlichting||October 27, 1874 to March 11, 1878|
|Oberst||Eduard von Stocken||March 12, 1878 to August 16, 1882|
|Oberst||Arthur von Kretschmann||August 17, 1882 to January 11, 1884|
|Oberst||Leo von Beczwarzowsky||January 12, 1884 to February 4, 1887|
|Oberst||Ferdinand von Lütcken||February 5, 1887 to January 26, 1890|
|Oberst||Anton Herwarth von Bittenfeld||January 27, 1890 to March 24, 1893|
|Oberst||Mortimer von Buddenbrock-Hettersdorff||March 25, 1893 to December 16, 1896|
|Oberst||Paul von Ploetz||December 17, 1896 to August 11, 1898|
|Oberst||Moriz from Lyncker||August 27, 1898 to August 24, 1901|
|Oberst||Wilhelm von and zu Egloffstein||August 24 to September 24, 1901 (deputy)|
|Oberst||Fritz von Below||November 14, 1901 to August 23, 1904|
|Oberst||Hermann von François||August 24, 1904 to November 17, 1907|
|Oberst||Arnold von Winckler||November 18, 1907 to March 21, 1910|
|Oberst||Georg von Oppen||March 22 to October 2, 1910|
|Oberst||Adolf Wild von Hohenborn||October 3, 1910 to April 5, 1912|
|Oberst||Richard von Brauchitsch||April 6, 1912 to August 2, 1914|
|Oberst||Gustav Boehm||August 2, 1914 to March 23, 1916|
|Oberst||Karl von Fabeck||March 24 to July 2, 1916|
|Lieutenant colonel||Gerhard von Heymann||July 3 to October 19, 1916|
|Major||Siegfried zu Eulenburg-Wicken||October 20 to November 5, 1916 (substitute)|
|Major/Oberstleutnant||Heinrich von Hadeln||November 6, 1916 to January 20, 1919|
|Oberst||Gerhard von Heymann||January 21 to April 30, 1919|
The regiment had the name "Queen Elisabeth" with the royal crown on yellow armpits, plus Brandenburg lapels with dark blue sleeve plates and yellow buttons. The officers have two curved golden braids with embroidered grenades on each side of the collar.
- Old: The Royal Prussian Standing Army. Part 1, p. 74.
- Constantin von Altrock : History of the Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3. Digitized
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 30.
- Hans Oskar von Rosenberg-Lipinsky: The Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3, 1914-1918 (= memorial sheets of German regiments . Volume 2 ). Stalling, Oldenburg iO / Berlin 1921 ( digitized version of the Württemberg State Library ).
- Hans Oskar von Rosenberg-Lipinsky: The Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3 in the World Wars 1914-1918. (= From Germany's great times. Volume 78). Sporn, Zeulenroda (Thuringia) 1935 ( digitized version of the Württemberg State Library ).
- Fallen memorial
- List of losses 1914–1918
- Shoulder pieces
- Queen Elisabeth Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 3
- List of officers
- berlin.de (accessed September 28, 2019)
- Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 21-22 .