Royal Bavarian 21st Infantry Regiment "Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV. Of Mecklenburg-Schwerin" - Königlich Bayerisches 21. Infanterie-Regiment „Großherzog Friedrich Franz IV. von Mecklenburg-Schwerin“

The 21st Infantry Regiment "Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV. Von Mecklenburg-Schwerin" was an infantry joined the Bavarian army .


Positioning and development

former casino in Fürth

According to a resolution of September 20, 1896, the association was formed on April 1, 1897 from the IV (half) battalions of the 6th , 10th , 11th , 14th , 15th and 19th Infantry Regiments . The staff and the 1st battalion were stationed in Fürth , the 2nd battalion was in Sulzbach .

Together with the 14th Infantry Regiment, the association formed the 9th Infantry Brigade in Nuremberg. She was the 5th division of III. Army Corps subordinated.

The regiment owner, Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV.

On November 7, 1911, Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was appointed regiment owner and the association therefore had its name as an addition from that point on.

First World War

At the beginning of the First World War , the regiment entered France on August 6, 1914, as part of the 6th Army , with a combat strength of 68 officers , three paymasters , six medical officers and 3,240 non-commissioned officers and men as well as 160 horses and remained on the western front until End of war. Since January 20, 1917, she had been under the 10th Infantry Brigade .

The regiment suffered during the First World War

  • Dead: 82 officers, two medical officers, an officer, 326 NCOs and 2,390 men
  • Missing: two officers, ten NCOs and 163 men
  • Those who died due to illness / accident: ten officers, four medical officers, 101 NCOs and 610 men

At the end of the war ten officers, 70 NCOs and 503 men were in captivity.


After the armistice in Compiègne , the remnants of the regiment marched back home and were demobilized in Fürth on December 16, 1918 and then dissolved. A security battalion, also called Volkswehr battalion "Fürth", was formed from parts, with four companies and one machine gun company. This was from June 1919 as the border guard battalion "Gahr" in the border guard Bohemia and was disbanded on July 31, 1919. There was no takeover in the provisional Reichswehr . [1]

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 6th Company of the 21st (Bavarian) Infantry Regiment in Nuremberg by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 . In the Wehrmacht , the 1st Battalion of Infantry Regiment 21 in Fürth continued the tradition.


Rank Name Date [2]
Oberst Wilhelm Binder 0 April 1, 1897 to July 20, 1900
Oberst Eduard Hagen July 21, 1900 to July 15, 1903
Oberst Oskar Fritsch July 16, 1903 to June 10, 1905
Oberst Karl Buyer June 11, 1905 to August 11, 1908
Oberst Ernst Rist August 12, 1908 to October 22, 1910
Oberst Otto Rauchberger October 23, 1910 to September 30, 1913
Oberst Wilhelm Kleemann 0 October 1, 1913 to September 20, 1914
Oberst Karl Reber September 21, 1914 to February 7, 1917
Lieutenant colonel Wilhelm von Ostini 0 February 8 to June 26, 1917
Lieutenant colonel Chrysanth Schöttl July 27, 1917 to January 10, 1918
Major Karl Hacker January 11 to September 21, 1918
Lieutenant colonel Karl von Düwell September 22 to October 17, 1918
Major Ferdinand von Ruef on Hauzendorf October 18, 1918 until dissolution


  • Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen , Friedrichfranz Feeser : The Bavaria book of the world wars 1914-1918. Volume I, Chr.Belser AG Verlagbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1930.
  • Karl Reber: KB 21st Infantry Regiment. Max Schick publishing house, Munich 1929.
  • Wolfgang Schramm: The Fürth military units. in: Michael Diefenbach, Ulrike Swoboda, Steven M. Zahlaus (eds.): The jump into the dark. The Nuremberg region in the First World War 1914–1918. Verlagdruckerei Schmidt, Nuremberg 2014, pp. 165–177.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Kraus : Manual of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 458.
  2. Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . P. 483.