Royal Bavarian 7th Infantry Regiment "Prince Leopold" - Königlich Bayerisches 7. Infanterie-Regiment „Prinz Leopold“

The 7th Infantry Regiment "Prinz Leopold" was an association of the Bavarian Army . The regiment's peacetime location was Bayreuth .

history

Emergence

The regiment was established on June 27, 1732 in accordance with a decree by Elector Karl Albrecht of Bavaria in Landshut, submitting men from the other infantry regiments. From January 1, 1790 to March 26, 1804, it was called the 8th Fusilier Regiment and then received the number 7 among the infantry regiments.

In 1815 the 2nd and 14th National Field Battalions of the mobile legion of the Rezatkreis, established in 1813, were transferred to the regiment. In return, the year before it had given up the two grenadier companies for the establishment of the Grenadier Guard Regiment.

Campaigns against the Turks in 1738/39

During the Turkish Wars , the regiment took part in the siege of Ratscha in 1738 and took part in the Battle of Grocka on July 22, 1739 and the subsequent siege of Belgrade .

Seven Years War

In the Seven Years' War the regiment fought against Prussia . From late October to mid-November 1757 it was during the siege of Schweidnitz , fought on November 22nd near Breslau and on December 5th, 1757 near Leuthen . In the following year it was involved in the capture of Toppau , in the defense of Olomouc and in the siege of Neisse .

Coalition wars

First coalition war

Against revolutionary France , the regiment was involved in 1794 in the defense of Mannheim , which was then part of Bavaria .

Second coalition war

On the Austrian side, the regiment was deployed on December 3, 1800 in the Battle of Hohenlinden and had to surrender to the French troops.

Rhine Confederation

After Bavaria had changed sides and joined the Rhine Confederation under Napoleon Bonaparte , the regiment took part in the siege of Breslau and the battles at Abensberg , Landshut , Wagram and Znaim during the Fourth and Fifth Coalition Wars .

Wars of Liberation

After the devastating losses of the Bavarian Army during the Russian campaign , the kingdom sided with the coalition in the fight against Napoleon . The regiment now fought on 30./31. October 1813 at Hanau , on January 29, 1814 at Brienne and on February 27 at Bar-sur-Aube again against the French.

Schleswig-Holstein War

Bavaria, now a member of the German Confederation , sent the regiment to Denmark during the Schleswig-Holstein War , where it took part in the fighting near Düppel on April 13, 1849 .

German war

In the war against Prussia, the regiment, which was now stationed in Bayreuth, moved out and had to fight on July 10th near Kissingen and on 25/26. Surrendered in July 1866 near Uettingen and Roßbrunn .

Franco-German War

In 1870 the war against France broke out again . After fighting near Weißenburg , Wörth , Bitsch , Sedan , the regiment took part in the enclosure of Paris from September 19, 1870 to January 28, 1871 .

In 1897 the regiment moved into the new Leopold barracks at Röhrensee .

Boxing distance

Although it was not a regular war effort, in 1900 one officer, three NCOs and thirty men volunteered to take part in the China expedition on the occasion of the Boxer Rebellion . No losses were reported.

First World War

At the outbreak of the First World War the regiment makes on August 2, 1914 with the I. to III. Battalion as well as the MG company mobile. It was subordinate to the 10th Infantry Brigade and was involved in the combat activities of the 5th Infantry Division on the Western Front until the end of the war . On October 9, 1916, the regiment received a 2nd and 3rd MG company during the trench warfare in Flanders and Artois . After the heavy defensive battles between Scarpe and Somme and because there was no adequate replacementMore could be made available, the 4th, 5th and 9th companies were disbanded on September 1, 1918. Two days later, a mine throwing company was set up. On October 14, 1918, the 2nd Battalion was disbanded.

In total, the regiment had more than 3,000 dead in the First World War.

Whereabouts

After the armistice in Compiègne , the remnants of the regiment marched back home and were demobilized in Bayreuth on December 12, 1918 and disbanded on March 25, 1919. Two free formations were formed from parts . From March 19 to 21, 1919 the 1st Volkswehr Battalion Bayreuth, also Volunteer Battalion Utz, with 1st – 3rd Company, the 4th Volkswehr Company Kulmbach, the 5th Volkswehr Company Hof, the Volkswehr MG Company Schaider and the Volkswehr Economic Company. In addition, from April 19 to 22, 1919 the formation of the II. Volkswehr Battalion Bayreuth (Volunteer Battalion Lienhardt) with 6-8. Company. Both formations went in June 1919 in the III. Battalion of the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 46.[1]

The tradition in the Reichswehr was taken over by the 9th and 12th companies of the 21st (Bavarian) Infantry Regiment in Bayreuth on August 24, 1921 .

Regimentsinhaber

The commander is to be distinguished from a regiment owner , who thus only took an honorary position, although the regiment bore his name (e.g. from 1873 to 1919, Prince Leopold of Bavaria ). The term vacant literally means that the regimental ownership was not occupied at the time. The term line regiment means that no ownership was planned and the regiment only had its number. [2]

Commanders

The regiment was commanded by a Colonel Commander, from 1872 by a Commander, with the rank of Colonel . In some cases the next lower rank of lieutenant colonel was also qualified to lead a regiment. During the First World War, representation by staff officers or battalion leaders in the rank of major was customary if a new colonel was not available in time. Towards the end of the war the regiment had shrunk to less than 1,000 men and was then only led by majors. This was also due to the fact that no other senior officers were available due to the war.

Rank Name Date [3] [4] [5] [6]
Oberst Emanuel Franz Freiherr von Lerchenfeld April 3, 1732 to November 27, 1739
Oberst Mathias Wolter November 27, 1739 to April 21, 1744
Oberst Franz Christoph Baron von Wildenstein April 21, 1744 to January 1, 1745
Oberst Peter of Clerambault January 1 to July 1, 1745
Oberst Ferdinand Graf Rambaldi July 1, 1745 to August 1, 1758
Oberst Franz Martin of the Colony August 1, 1758 to January 20, 1762
Oberst Veith Christoph von Schober January 20, 1762 to 1773
Oberst Franz Joseph de Mouche 1773 to July 30, 1775
Oberst Ignaz Freiherr von Bartel July 30, 1775 to July 23, 1779
Major general Joseph Gerhard Graf Rambaldi July 23, 1779 to May 31, 1782
Oberst Jakob Roesner May 31 to December 6, 1782
Oberst Johann Wilhelm Baron von Taenzl December 6, 1782 to May 6, 1786
Oberst Karl Anton Freiherr von Junker May 6, 1786 to March 12, 1792
Oberst Ernst Count von Daun March 12 to April 16, 1792
Oberst Johann Nep. Chaddä Baron von Widnmann April 16, 1792 to May 12, 1800
Oberst Nikolaus Anton von Ranson 12. May 1800 bis 10. August 1801
Oberst Wilhelm von Pierron August 10, 1801 to September 23, 1806
Oberst Karl von Stengel September 23, 1806 to April 1, 1809
Oberst Friedrich Graf von Thurn and Taxis April 1 to May 23, 1809
Oberst Nikolaus von Maillot de la Treille June 27, 1809 to August 10, 1813
Oberst Wilhelm Rodt August 10, 1813 to February 2, 1814
Oberst Edmund Herrmann February 16, 1814 to July 24, 1823
(unknown)
Oberst Wilhelm von Schleich May 29, 1864 to 18 ??
Oberst Edmund Höfler February 1, 1870 to 187?
Oberst Eduard White November 3, 1872 to March 2, 1874
Oberst Carl Freiherr von Schönhueb March 2, 1874 to November 1, 1875
Oberst Maximilian of Parseval March 31, 1876 to April 20, 1880
Oberst Otto Kohlermann 1880 to May 12, 1882
Oberst Oskar Straub July 8, 1882 to June 9, 1884
Oberst Julius Zech on Neuhofen June 27, 1884 to December 12, 1888
Oberst Philipp Bouhler December 12, 1888 to July 3, 1891
Oberst Schuster July 14, 1891 to May 15, 1893
Oberst Karl Freiherr von Waldenfels May 15, 1893 to November 7, 1896
Oberst Theodor Bruch November 7, 1896 to December 22, 1899
Oberst Georg Keßler January 9, 1900 to December 8, 1902
Oberst Ferdinand Boehm December 8, 1902 to August 20, 1905
Oberst August Prager August 20, 1905 to October 16, 1908
Oberst Georg Lechner October 16, 1908 to October 14, 1911
Oberst Karl Schoch October 15, 1911 to September 30, 1913
Oberst Hans Schmidt October 1, 1913 to September 27, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Albert Hierthes September 28 to 30, 1914 (entrusted with the tour)
Lieutenant colonel Franz Stängl October 1, 1914 to September 16, 1916
Lieutenant colonel Maximilian Veith September 29 to December 5, 1916
Major/Oberstleutnant Theodor Kübel December 6, 1916 to March 27, 1918
Major Julius Karl Viktor Melchior March 28 to April 7, 1918
Lieutenant colonel Friedrich Haack April 8 to May 28, 1918
Lieutenant colonel Theodor Kübel 29. May to 10. August 1918
Major Christian Benz August 10 to 20, 1918 (commissioned to represent)
Major Hans Hunter August 27, 1918 to January 1919

literature

  • Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen , Friedrichfranz Feeser : The Bavaria book of the world wars 1914-1918. Volume I. Chr. Belser AG publishing bookstore. Stuttgart 1930. OCLC 11807302
  • Günter Wegner: Germany's armies until 1918. Volume 10: Bavaria. Biblio Publishing House. Osnabrück 1984. OCLC 58633589
  • Alfred Auvera: History of the Kgl. Bayer. 7th Infantry Regiment Prince Leopold of Bavaria. 1st part: 1732-1815. Full text view here , OCLC 236082752
  • M. Götz, W. Bergmann: Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment “Prince Leopold v. Bavaria "1816-1865. Kirchlamitz 1993. OCLC 75440560
  • M. Götz, W. Bergmann: History of the Kgl. Bayer. 7th Infantry Regiment Prince Leopold of Bavaria: 1866–1869. Kirchlamitz 1994. OCLC 260195961
  • Otto Schaidler: The 7th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment "Prince Leopold". Memorial sheets of German regiments. Volume 11. Munich 1922. (History of the Regiment 1914–1918) OCLC 300078291
  • Kgl. Bayer. Army: Army album. 7. k. B. Infantry Regiment "Prince Leopold". A. Bruckmann Military Publishing House. Munich around 1912.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 440.
  2. ^ Military manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1893. pp. 73f.
  3. ^ Alfred Auvera: History of the Kgl. Bayer. 7th Infantry Regiment Prince Leopold of Bavaria. 1st part: 1732-1815.
  4. ^ M. Götz, W. Bergmann: Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment "Prince Leopold v. Bavaria “1816-1865. Kirchlamitz 1993. p. 144.
  5. M. Götz, W. Bergmann: History of the Kgl. Bayer. 7th Infantry Regiment Prince Leopold of Bavaria: 1866-1869 . Kirchlamitz 1994. p. 160.
  6. Otto Schaidler: The 7th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment "Prince Leopold". Memorial sheets of German regiments. Volume 11. Munich 1922. (History of the regiment 1914-1918)