Royal Saxon Carabiner Regiment (2nd Heavy Regiment) - Königlich Sächsisches Karabiner-Regiment (2. Schweres Regiment)

The Karabinier Regiment (2nd Heavy Regiment) was a cavalry joined the Saxon army .

story

The association was set up on November 1, 1849 under the name of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment from duties from the Guard Cavalry and the 1st and 2nd Cavalry Regiments. It initially formed into five squadrons . On April 1, 1867, a 6th squadron was formed and the association was simultaneously transformed into a " heavy " regiment . Since April 23, 1867 it was called Karabinier-Regiment (2nd Heavy Regiment) .

The regimental staff and the 1st, 2nd and 4th squadrons were stationed in Borna , the 3rd and 5th squadrons in Pegau . In 1893 the association was finally brought together completely in Borna. Before the beginning of the First World War , the association formed the 4th Cavalry Brigade No. 40 of the 4th Division No. 40 together with the 3rd Uhlan Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm II., King of Prussia" No. 21 .

The regimental colors were silver-blue-black and meant “pure loyalty to death”.

German-Danish War

On the occasion of the federal execution , the 2nd and 5th Squadrons moved into Holstein on December 24, 1863 and stayed here for a year without any significant combat activity taking place there.

German war

During the war against Prussia in 1866, the Saxons fought on the side of Austria. The regiment took part in the Battle of Gitschin on June 29 and in the Battle of Königgrätz on July 3 . The 1st and 2nd squadrons were still deployed at Kralitz on July 14th.

Franco-German War

In association with the Garde-Reiter-Regiment , the carbines initially took part in the Battle of Gravelotte during the Franco-German War in 1870/71 . Then the 2nd Squadron destroyed parts of the Thionville - Metz railway line and the 3rd Squadron carried out reconnaissance up to Verdun . At Buzancy the commander and eleven men of the French 12th Chasseur Regiment could be captured during the fighting on August 27, 1870. This was followed by the battle at Nouart two days later and the battle at Sedan on September 1 at. From September 5 to 18, the regiment took part in the advance on Paris and was used here several times for reconnaissance. In the further course of the war, the association was only used sporadically in patrol service.

First World War

With the outbreak of World War I, the regiment was subordinated to the newly formed 8th Cavalry Division . [1] It was initially 5 August 1914 border guards in Lorraine used, participated in the local battle and the fighting against Nancy - Epinal part and relocated in early September to East Prussia .

  • September 1 to 25, 1914 --- East Prussia and Lithuania
  • September 26 to October 19, 1914 --- advance on Warsaw
  • October 20 to November 6, 1914 --- Strategic retreat behind the Warta
  • November 7, 1914 to January 6, 1915 --- Battle of Łódź and the fighting on the Pilica
  • 7 January 1915 to 17 June 1915 --- Trench warfare on the Rawka
  • June 18 to September 17, 1915 --- advance to the Daugava
  • September 18 to February 21, 1918 --- Trench warfare on the Düna and advance across the Düna to the northeast
  • March 9 to April 4, 1918 --- Preparations and landing in Hangö
  • April 5-15, 1918 --- Advance east and capture Helsingfors
  • April 16 to May 5, 1918 --- Advance north and fighting until the end of the War of Movement
  • May 6 to October 16, 1918 --- Training period behind the battle front

Whereabouts

After the end of the war , the remnants of the association returned to their homeland by December 17, 1918. There the demobilization took place and on January 22nd, 1919 the regiment was finally disbanded.

The tradition took over in the Reichswehr by decree of the Chief of the Army Command General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt from August 24th 1921 the 1st Squadron of the 12th (Saxon) Cavalry Regiment in Grimma .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [2]
Oberst Anton von Radke 1849 to 1854
Oberst Friedrich Wilhelm Siegmann 1854 to 1859
Oberst Horst von Egidy 1859 to 1866
Oberst Otto von Ludwiger 1866 to 1867
Lieutenant colonel Ernst Wilhelm von Standfest 1867 to 1872
Lieutenant colonel Adolf von Walther 1872 to 1877
Major/Oberstleutnant/Oberst Eduard Moritz von Hübel 1877 to 1883
Major/Oberstleutnant Friedrich von Wangenheim 1883 to 1886
Major/Oberstleutnant Friedrich August von Globig 1886 to 1890
Oberst Karl Emil Kirchner 1890 to April 6, 1894
Major/Oberstleutnant/Oberst Max von Milkau 0 April 7, 1894 to 1899
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Maximilian von Laffert September 13, 1899 to July 23, 1903
Major/Oberstleutnant/Oberst Kurt Christian von Welck July 24, 1903 to 1908
Lieutenant colonel Arthur von Bodenhausen December 24, 1908 to 1911
Major Wilhelm Jahn 0 August 8, 1911 to December 7, 1913 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Wilhelm Jahn 0 December 8, 1913 to July 31, 1916
Oberst Arthur Moritz 0 October 1, 1916
Major Godert of Redern March 23, 1918 to 1919

Uniform

The tunic was cornflower blue with a silver border , black collar ( velvet for officers ) and yellow buttons. The skirt and trousers had white advances .

literature

  • R. von Haber: History of the cavalry of the German Empire. Publishing house Wilhelm Baensch. Berlin 1881. pp. 216f.
  • Wilhelm Jahn: The Kgl. Saxon. Carabinier Regiment. Booklet 15 of the script sequence, continuation of the regimental history from 1899. Publishing house of the printing house of the Wilhelm und Bertha von Baensch Foundation. Dresden 1924.
  • von Egan-Krieger: The German Cavalry in War and Peace. Wilhelm Schille & Co. Verlagbuchhandlung, Karlsruhe i. B. and Dortmund 1928, pp. 1-496. Explanations of the history of the Royal Saxon Carabinier Regiment in general and its operations in World War I in particular, including the expedition to Finland in 1918, cf. 185-189.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Artur Baumgarten-Crusius: Saxony in great time. Volume II: History of the Saxons in the World War. Academic bookstore R. Max Lippold. Leipzig 1919. p. 307.
  2. Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 3: The occupation of the active regiments, battalions and departments from the foundation or listing up to August 26, 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1993, ISBN 3-7648-2413-1 , p. 37.