The Golden Age (TV Show) - La edad de oro (programa de televisión)

The golden age was a television program broadcast by La 2 de Televisión Española between 1983 and 1985 . [ 1 ] Presented and directed by Paloma Chamorro [ 2 ] is often described him as epitomized audiovisual artistic, cultural and musical movement called Movida Madrileña . [ 3 ] It is also considered a cult program in the history of television in Spain . [ 4]

Format

The program showed on set artistic, cultural and especially music, avant - garde trends and minority away from trade flows of Spain in the first half of the 1980s [ 5 ]

"At the beginning of the eighties , the golden age was an avant-garde space ... so avant-garde that today, in the middle of 2010, there is no similar one, absolutely none, in grills as wide as they are hollow"
Javier Pérez de Albéniz (rtve.es, 2010) [1]

The main ingredient of the program was the broadcast of a live concert , performed in the studio or recorded outdoors, along with the broadcast of illustrative reports and interviews. [ 6 ] In a transgressive style, its first program, broadcast on May 17, 1983, featured Kaka de Luxe, a group formed by Fernando Márquez El Zurdo , Manolo Campoamor , Carlos Berlanga , Enrique Sierra , Alaska and Nacho Canut, dissolved in 1978. and that they met again for this occasion. [ 3 ]

"( The Golden Age will contain) different films and videos about exhibitions, concerts that we have not been able to bring to the studio and, mainly, documentaries, films and collaborations of people outside the program. I mean, I want creative young people in all fields, have the possibility to try another television language "
Paloma Chamorro (El País newspaper, 1983) [2]

After serving 55 emissions over two seasons, space was completed in April 1985. [ 7 ]

"The show has had a much larger audience than I thought or wanted, and hence the acceptance rates, other than audience ratings, were bad. There were just a lot more people than expected watching the show and, really, such a mainstream program was not wanted. "
Paloma Chamorro (El País newspaper, 1985) [3]

History

Paloma Chamorro , [ 8 ] after passing through other La 2 programs such as Encounters with the arts and letters or Images , [ 9 ] proposed the program as a cultural container that alternated studio interviews with musical numbers and reports spreading to a majority audience the advances in music , sculpture , comics or painting , of young national and international creators confined up to that moment to marginal circuits.

"(The title is) a tribute to what seems to me a masterpiece of the historical avant-garde, the film by Buñuel and Dalí , a symbol of the avant-garde"
Paloma Chamorro [4]

The program was mainly nourished by the multiplicity of artistic and musical movements that emerged after the dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1939-1975), until then repressed by the regime's ruling culture, and which found its greatest exponent in the so-called Madrid Movida . These movements had little reflection on the then only existing television in Spain, the public Televisión Española, until after the electoral victory of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party ( 1982 ), there was a renewal of content and aesthetics in the chain with the new management team in front of which was José María Calviño . [ 10 ]

" RTVE has always had a special concern for modern music. ( The Golden Age is) perhaps the most avant-garde television program in all of Europe. (...) There are marginal phenomena that can reach great cultural significance, but that many times are lost because they do not get access to the normal circuits of diffusion. In this way, rather than marginal movements we should speak of marginalized movements. "
José María Calviño (El País newspaper, 1983) [5]

Throughout its two years of existence, the program advanced along the line of transgression with the consequent controversies. The space provoked the applause of some and the indignation [ 11 ] and the rejection of broad conservative sectors [ 12 ] that led to fierce criticism from various written media. Scenes such as the singer of the group The Lords of the New Church lowering his pants before the camera or Pedro Almodóvar , declaring that his favorite drug was angel dust , caused scandal and rejection.

"Around the end of the night, any Thursday like today, you will be graced with a curious dose of modernity. Dare, put your endomorphins to the test, contemplate The Golden Age . You will be able to see modern ensembles, modern people in the right environment. Of course, modern. Come on, very modern, the last howl, he already paaasas. This is the story of what we could see, on Thursday, October 6, in the last program broadcast in The Golden Age . The presenter comes out, showy dressed as Wilma Flintstones , and announces the arrival of an apocalyptic British group, Killing Joke. The group leaves and you are already hallucinating. The camera searches the stage and shoots anything that moves. That he is a man playing the bass and what you hear is a guitar solo, well it comes out. That it is an employee who passes by and absent-mindedly contemplates the joke, as it also comes out. That something moves in the audience, the camera plugs in and a spectator appears looking at Toledo . "
Pedro Calvo Hernando (El País newspaper, 1983) [6]

Criticism reached its peak after the broadcast of the program of the 16 of October of 1984 in which images were considered by some offensive of a crucifix with pig 's head , mock celebration of Catholic Mass and a couple naked in a coffin . The controversy reached the Board of Directors of RTVE where the representatives of Alianza Popular and Convergència i Unió considered that the broadcast even violated the Spanish Constitution . [ 13 ] The Spanish Episcopal ConferenceHe presented a formal protest to the network because he considered that the broadcast constituted an attack "against the religious and moral sensitivity of Spanish Catholics" [ 14 ] and parliamentary questions were formulated in the Congress of Deputies . [ 15 ] Finally , a was filed lawsuit by the attorney of Burgos Juan Riu Izquierdo against TVE and the presenter [ 16 ] for "desecration of religious feelings." [ 17 ] The procedure would end in the Supreme Court, which, nine years later, determined the non-existence of a crime.

" The golden age is a program that does not exist on any television in the world, and this is not something that I say. Many people say it with great knowledge of the cause, but that you never usually say in the press. So do a An impossible program, which cannot be done on any television in the world, on a television as impossible as this one, well ... there are no words "
Paloma Chamorro (El País newspaper, 1985) [7]

The controversies precipitated the cancellation of the program [ 18 ] that aired for the last time, with an edition dedicated to Violent Femmes , on April 2 , 1985 . [ 19 ]

"(Defects) There have been many. Above all, an excess of pretensions, having wanted to make an impossible program, having been so ambitious. It is a defect of my conception, let's say. I wanted to go all out, but you can't being at the same time an international recruiting agency for a weekly program, with a fixed schedule, and at the same time producing short films, and at the same time being aware of what is happening in the world, and at the same time, at the same time ... , and at the same time to fight with all those who inside and outside of TVE have done everything possible so that the golden age is not made . "
Paloma Chamooro (El País newspaper, 1985) [8]

Guest artists

On the set of The Golden Age , artists such as:

Recorded concerts for the program:

Reissues and DVD version

In 2005 La 2 de Televisión Española broadcast at night a series of special programs, called "The Best of The Golden Age", in which 13 chapters recorded moments recorded throughout the history of the program were collected. Subsequently, these programs, like several of the programs originally broadcast, are hosted on a specific website within the portal of the public corporation rtve.es. [ 20 ]

In 2006 Televisión Española and Divisa published on DVD a collection in four volumes with the best moments of the program starring Spanish groups entitled "The Best of the Golden Age, Anthology of Spanish Artists". [ 3 ]

References

  1. Country, Editions El (April 2, 1985). "The last program of 'The Golden Age' presents the group Violent Femmes" . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  2. ^ Casado, María (October 26, 2017). TV Stories: The Untold Secrets of the Small Screen . Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial España. ISBN 9788403518254 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  3. ^ A b c Estabiel, Ediciones El (April 11, 2008). «Report | 25 years without 'The Golden Age ' » . Cesar . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  4. ^ Sanz, José María Sanz (March 16, 2009). Carlos Segarra and Los Rebeldes (press release ) . www.elperiodico.com.
  5. ^ Javier Pérez de Albéniz (April 26, 2010). «The Decoder:" 'The Golden Age' was an avant-garde space in the 80s " " . RTVE.es . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  6. Country, Editions El (May 17, 1983). " ' The Golden Age', a program about young creators" . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  7. RTVE.es (March 2, 2011). " ' The Golden Age', A Vanguard Program Away From The Mainstream" . RTVE.es . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  8. Paloma Chamorro, defines herself as a philosopher of action - RTVE.es , January 11, 2011 , accessed October 23, 2019
  9. ^ Navarro, Fernando (January 30, 2017). «Paloma Chamorro dies, a symbol of the Madrid scene» . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  10. ^ Contreras, José Miguel (September 25, 1983). "'Pop' music is a marginalized phenomenon, not marginal, according to José María Calviño" . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  11. ^ García-Argüelles, FG (June 2, 1983). «Letters to the editor | 'Kaka' from program » . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  12. ^ Calvo Hernando, Pedro (October 13, 1983). «Criticism | The age of the 'nose ' » . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  13. ^ Pérez Ornia, José Ramón (October 18, 1984). "RTVE councilors protest the content of the space 'The golden age ' " . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  14. ^ EFE, Agency (October 21, 1984). "The bishops highlight the" serious concerns "hovering over non-state education . " The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  15. Country, Editions El (October 22, 1984). "The debate on the 'state of the nation' monopolizes the interest of the Congress of Deputies" . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  16. Country, Editions El (May 16, 1985). "The presenter Paloma Chamorro, prosecuted for offenses to religion . " The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  17. Country, Editions El (December 31, 1984). "The complaint against TVE and Paloma Chamorro was admitted for processing . " The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  18. ^ Martín, Fernando (April 4, 1985). «Criticism | Requiem for the risk . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  19. Country, Editions El (April 2, 1985). "The last program of 'The Golden Age' presents the group Violent Femmes" . The Country . ISSN 1134-6582 . Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
  20. Anthology. The best of "The golden age" (chapter 1) - RTVE.es , May 24, 2010 , accessed October 23, 2019

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