Leib-Grenadier-Regiment “King Friedrich Wilhelm III.” (1st Brandenburg) No. 8 - Leib-Grenadier-Regiment „König Friedrich Wilhelm III.“ (1. Brandenburgisches) Nr. 8

Leib-Grenadier-Regiment “King Friedrich Wilhelm III.” (1st Brandenburg) No. 8

Lineup 7. June 1808
State Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Insinuation III. Army Corps
Former locations including Dresden , Koblenz , Crossen , Küstrin , Landsberg an der Warthe , Frankfurt (Oder)
Tradition 8th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment

The Body Guard Grenadiers Regiment "King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (1. Brandenburg) no. 8 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

history

The regiment owes its establishment to the successful defense of the Kolberg fortress against Napoleon's troops I during the spring campaign in 1807. [1] In 1808, two infantry regiments were formed from the Prussian soldiers who had defended Kolberg , along with other formations. Thus, among other things, the body grenadier regiment “ King Friedrich Wilhelm III. "(1st Brandenburg) No. 8 and the Colberg Grenadier Regiment" Graf Gneisenau "(2nd Pomeranian) No. 9 . The foot troops of the Freikorps Schill went asSchill light battalion in the Leib Grenadier Regiment.

Coalition Wars 1807/15

German-Danish War 1864

German War 1866

Franco-German War 1870/71

On July 16, 1870, the regiment received an order from the division command to mobilize as planned. All reserve officers and supplementary teams had arrived by July 21, so that readiness for marching could be reported to the General Command on the following day. The association marched out on July 23 and was taken by train via Berlin, Magdeburg, Braunschweig, Hanover, Minden, Cologne and Bingen to Kreuznach . There was the assembly point of the III. Army Corps . From July 28th the regiment belonged to the avant-garde of the 5th Division . The advance began two days later, and the first deaths occurred without enemy influence. Three soldiers died throughHeat stroke , another 32 were absent due to illness by August 3rd. By August 6, the regiment had reached the Neunkirchen area . On that day, the association came into action for the first time in the battle of Spichern . In total, the losses amounted to 13 officers and 357 men. During the course of August 7th, the regiment moved into quarters in Saarbrücken for two days. Then it was on outposts at Macheren , Guenviller and Hombourg-Haut and on August 11th received the order to take over the guarding of the Great Headquarters at Saint-Avold . At the same time it provided posts for the Grand Duke's quarters Karl Alexander , Prince Luitpold of Bavaria and Imperial Chancellor Otto von Bismarck .

First World War 1914/18

The regiment mobilized when the First World War broke out on August 2, 1914 . As part of the 9th Infantry Brigade of the 5th Division , the association marched into neutral Belgium and came into action for the first time near Tirlemont . After the battle of Mons it advanced to France , fought at Le Cateau and on the Marne, and after the battle of the Aisne went into trench warfareabove. In the spring of 1915 the regiment received a 13th company and on April 4, 1915 the subordination changed. The association was now under the control of the 10th Infantry Brigade until the end of the war . After the autumn battle in Champagne , the regiment was deployed off Verdun at the end of February 1916 and took part in the battle of the Somme in July / August of the same year . This was followed by trench warfare again before the regiment was transferred to the Eastern Front in July 1917 . Here it was initially in trench warfare east of Zloczow and then took part in the breakthrough battle in eastern Galicia and the subsequent trench warfare on the Serethpart. On September 14, 1916, the association received a 2nd and 3rd MG company.

The regiment was briefly deployed on the Italian front from the end of September 1917 . In the twelfth battle of the Isonzo , the regimental commander Lieutenant Colonel Gluszewski, contrary to the divisional order, made the independent decision to attack the key Italian position on Monte Hum. In the ensuing conquest, the regiment fell into the hands of several guns and machine guns. In addition, 80 officers and around 3,500 men could be brought in as prisoners. The association then took Monte San Giovanni and Monte Spinh. In the fighting that led to the conquest of Castel del Monte, the regiment was able to make about 4500 more prisoners of war. On October 31, the 1st Company alone brought in around 2500 prisoners near Lestizza . [2]

In mid-December 1917 it was relocated to the Western Front and used in Champagne . In the spring of 1918 the regiment took part in the German offensive . During the trench warfare on the Vesle in August 1918, the association suffered great losses, so that the 6th and 10th companies had to be disbanded. The 7th, 9th to 12th companies and the 2nd MG company of the disbanded Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 35 were incorporated as a replacement. In the same month, the regiment also received its own MW company .

Whereabouts

After the Armistice of Compiègne , the remnants of the regiment returned to the garrison in Frankfurt (Oder) and were demobilized there on December 29, 1918 . The Volunteer Leib-Grenadier-Regiment 8 was formed from parts and was divided into two battalions with a machine-gun company. This free formation went on with the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr as a staff and 1st battalion in the Reichswehr Grenadier Regiment 53.

The tradition took over in the Reichswehr by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , of August 24, 1921, the 1st Company of the 8th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment in Frankfurt (Oder). In the Wehrmacht , the regimental staff, the 2nd battalion and the 13th and 14th companies of the 8th Infantry Regiment continued the tradition.

Regimentschef

Rank Name Date [3]
Friedrich Wilhelm III. August 26, 1808 to June 7, 1840
Friedrich Wilhelm IV. 0 June 8, 1840 to January 2, 1861
Wilhelm I. 0 January 5, 1861 to March 9, 1888
Friedrich III. March 10 to June 15, 1888
Wilhelm II. June 16, 1888 until dissolution

Commanders

Rank Name Date [4]
Heinrich Wilhelm von Horn September 11, 1808 to December 4, 1811
Major Ernst Ludwig von Tippelskirch 0 December 4, 1811 to June 14, 1812 (in charge of the tour)
Major/
Oberstleutnant
Karl Heinrich von Zielinski June 15, 1812 to March 25, 1813
Major/
Oberstleutnant/
Oberst
Constantine of Zepelin March 26, 1813 to April 9, 1816
Lieutenant colonel Friedrich Wilhelm von Grabow May 23, 1816 to March 29, 1832
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Ferdinand of Werder March 30, 1832 to March 29, 1839
Lieutenant colonel Louis von Marées March 30, 1839 to January 27, 1840 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Louis von Marées January 28, 1840 to June 24, 1845
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Wilhelm von Chamier 0 September 1, 1845 to April 27, 1846 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Wilhelm von Chamier April 28, 1846 to January 1, 1849
Major/
Oberstleutnant
Ludwig von Hoffmann 0 January 2 to December 3, 1849
Oberst Ernst von Manstein 0 December 4, 1849 to September 21, 1852
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Albrecht von Sydow September 22, 1852 to April 3, 1857
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Karl Marshal of Sulicki 0 April 4, 1857 to May 30, 1859
Oberst Hermann Alexander von Bojanowski 31. May 1859 bis 18. May 1863
Oberst Emil von Berger May 19, 1863 to October 29, 1866
Oberst Alfons Girodz by Gaudi October 30, 1866 to July 17, 1870
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Anton Wilhelm Karl from L'Estocq July 18, 1870 to March 22, 1871 (responsible for the tour)
Oberst Anton Wilhelm Karl from L'Estocq March 23, 1871 to December 11, 1874
Lieutenant colonel Rudolf von Reibnitz December 12, 1874 to January 11, 1875 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Rudolf von Reibnitz January 12, 1875 to December 10, 1880
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Karl Finck von Finckenstein December 11, 1880 to March 20, 1882 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Karl Finck von Finckenstein March 21, 1882 to May 14, 1883
Oberst Johann von Willisen May 15, 1883 to September 24, 1885
Oberst Kuno von Falkenstein September 25, 1885 to August 3, 1888
Lieutenant colonel Paul von Collas 0 August 4 to November 12, 1888
Oberst Paul von Collas November 13, 1888 to March 21, 1891
Oberst Bernhard Friedrich von Krosigk March 22, 1891 to June 15, 1894
Oberst Friedrich von Liechtenstern June 16, 1894 to October 17, 1895
Oberst Hermann von Eichhorn October 18, 1895 to February 15, 1897
Oberst Paul von Kleist February 16, 1897 to May 21, 1900
Oberst Wilhelm von Salisch 22. May 1900 bis 17. August 1903
Oberst Max von Schack August 18, 1903 to February 8, 1906
Lieutenant colonel Max von Diringshofen 0 February 9 to April 9, 1906 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Max von Diringshofen April 10, 1906 to March 21, 1910
Oberst Paul von Uthmann March 22, 1910 to June 15, 1913
Oberst Konrad Finck von Finckenstein June 16, 1913 to September 21, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Georg von Rosainski September 22, 1914 to December 17, 1915
Oberst Wilhelm Friedrich von Hahnke December 18, 1915 to March 25, 1916
Oberst Joachim von Treschow March 26 to May 31, 1916
Major/
Oberstleutnant
Wilhelm von Gluszewski-Kwilecki 0 June 1, 1916 to January 1919

Commemoration

Franco-German War

Monument to the fallen in Lorraine (2011)

A war memorial was inaugurated on October 27, 1872 in Frankfurt (Oder) for the fallen 329 soldiers and 29 officers of the Franco-German War of 1870/1871. It was located in Lennépark and was given by the chief preacher Dr. Löwenstein inaugurated. The monument was designed in the shape of an obelisk, on the base of which there was a copper plate with the names of the soldiers and officers engraved on it. [5] Another monument was erected in Lorraine on the Gerzon- Rezonville road . All names and references were removed in 1946, although the 1946 order did not include this memorial at all. Three years later, the monument was completely razed. The documents stored in the base were handed over to the city archive.[6]

First World War

A memorial in Frankfurt, designed by Hugo Lederer and created by his student, the later architect and sculptor Adolph Dahl (1886–1940) from Stettin, commemorated the fallen in World War I. The inauguration, attended by thousands of residents, took place on May 10, 1925. [7]

literature

  • History of the Leib Grenadier Regiment "King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (1. Brandenburgisches) No. 8. 1808–1908. ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1908.
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 47.
  • Hans Schöning: Leib Grenadier Regiment King Friedrich Wilhelm III. (1. Brandenburgisches) No. 8 in the World War (= memorial sheets of German regiments. Troops of the former Prussian contingent . Volume 128 ). Stalling, Oldenburg iO / Berlin 1924 ( digitized version of the Württemberg State Library ).
  • Fritz von Hake: Leib-Grenadier-Regiment König Friedrich Wilhelm III: (1. Brandenburgisches) No. 8 »A memorial sheet of Prussian heroism«. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1938.
  • Hugo Clemens Constantin Ludwig Eduard Kroll: Officer master list of the Leib Grenadier Regiment King Friedrich Wilhelm III (1st Brandenburg) No. 8: "From the establishment of the regiment on August 20, 1808 to June 1, 1899". ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1899.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl von Bagensky : History of the 9th Infantry Regiment called the Kolbergsche. Kolberg 1842, p. III.
  2. Hanns Möller: History of the knights of the order pour le mérite in the world war. Volume I: A-L. Bernard & Graefe publishing house, Berlin 1935, p. 375.
  3. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the Jäger and MG battalions, military district commandos and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 62.
  4. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation and / or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 63ff.
  5. Bernhard Klemm: Frankfurt Monument History - told based on the fate of individual monuments. in: Messages from the historical association of Frankfurt (Oder) e. V. 1997, issue 1, p. 11.
  6. Ralf-Rüdiger Targiel : On the fate of Frankfurt monuments after 1945. in: Communications of the historical association in Frankfurt (Oder) e. V. 2002, No. 2, pp. 37-38.
  7. Bernhard Klemm, Frankfurter Denkmalgeschichte - told based on the fates of individual monuments. in: Messages from the historical association of Frankfurt (Oder) e. V. 1997 issue 1, p. 15.