Braid - Litze (Geflecht)
Strands are rarely used today because they are considerably more expensive than woven tapes or cords . A strand can be used for decorating and for edging and trimming items of clothing, but less for reinforcement .
They are also used as trimmings .
In the old army , litz wires were originally reserved for guard units . For the 100th birthday of the old emperor , Kaiser Wilhelm II awarded the grenadier regiment “King Wilhelm I” (2nd West Prussian) No. 7 Litzen on March 22, 1897 .  Until 1918, other grenadier regiments and other units were also awarded braids. 
- Old Prussian strands (old type strands with or without a mirror)
- Simple strands (simple chapel strands)
- Double strands (double chapel strands)
Even today, the various types of troops in the German army are identified by small colored strands that are placed on the shoulder flap (for example green for tank grenadiers or hunters , dark blue for medical services or lemon yellow for telecommunications troops ), for more details see under weapon colors . 
- Paul Pietsch: The formation and uniforming history of the Prussian army 1808-1914 . 2 volumes. Verlag HG Schulz, 1963.
- Jürgen Kraus: The field gray uniform of the German army 1907–1918. 2 volumes. Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1999, ISBN 3-7648-2533-2 .
- Association of German Pioneers: Symbols of the Pioneer Troop ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- War Ministry (ed.): Royal Prussian Army Ordinance Sheet. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin March 22, 1897, Volume 31, Extra Edition, p. 7.
- Paul Pietsch: The formation and uniforming history of the Prussian army 1808-1914 , Volume 1 - Fußtruppen, Verlag HG Schulz, 1963, pp. 28-29.
- Jürgen Kraus: The field-gray uniform of the German army 1907-1918. Volume 1. Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1999, ISBN 3-7648-2533-2 , pp. 152-154.
- Adolf Schlicht, Jürgen Kraus: The German Reichswehr: The Uniforms and Equipment of the German Reichsheeres from 1919 to 1932 , Militaria Verlag, 2005, p. 88.
- See also an example for the NVA