Braid - Litze (Geflecht)

Strand as a double strand on the collar tab with a cord to surround the collar and shoulder piece on a Bundeswehr uniform

In textile technology, a strand is a two-dimensional mesh .

Strands are rarely used today because they are considerably more expensive than woven tapes or cords . A strand can be used for decorating and for edging and trimming items of clothing, but less for reinforcement .

They are also used as trimmings .


Strands were particularly common in uniforms of the 19th century and costumes used as a decorative element and delimiting. [1]

In the old army , litz wires were originally reserved for guard units . For the 100th birthday of the old emperor , Kaiser Wilhelm II awarded the grenadier regiment “King Wilhelm I” (2nd West Prussian) No. 7 Litzen on March 22, 1897 . [2] Until 1918, other grenadier regiments and other units were also awarded braids. [3]

Old Army collar braids

In principle there were three main forms of stranded wire in the old army up to the transitional army : [4]

  • Old Prussian strands (old type strands with or without a mirror)
  • Simple strands (simple chapel strands)
  • Double strands (double chapel strands)
Collar braids of the German Army from approx. 1910 to approx. 1915

It was not until 1921 that double strands became common for the formation of the Reichswehr's transitional army , which were then also known as double piston strands [5] .

Even today, the various types of troops in the German army are identified by small colored strands that are placed on the shoulder flap (for example green for tank grenadiers or hunters , dark blue for medical services or lemon yellow for telecommunications troops ), for more details see under weapon colors . [6]


Commons : Braids - collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Paul Pietsch: The formation and uniforming history of the Prussian army 1808-1914 . 2 volumes. Verlag HG Schulz, 1963.
  • Jürgen Kraus: The field gray uniform of the German army 1907–1918. 2 volumes. Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1999, ISBN 3-7648-2533-2 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Association of German Pioneers: Symbols of the Pioneer Troop ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ War Ministry (ed.): Royal Prussian Army Ordinance Sheet. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin March 22, 1897, Volume 31, Extra Edition, p. 7.
  3. ^ Paul Pietsch: The formation and uniforming history of the Prussian army 1808-1914 , Volume 1 - Fußtruppen, Verlag HG Schulz, 1963, pp. 28-29.
  4. ^ Jürgen Kraus: The field-gray uniform of the German army 1907-1918. Volume 1. Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1999, ISBN 3-7648-2533-2 , pp. 152-154.
  5. ^ Adolf Schlicht, Jürgen Kraus: The German Reichswehr: The Uniforms and Equipment of the German Reichsheeres from 1919 to 1932 , Militaria Verlag, 2005, p. 88.
  6. See also an example for the NVA