Mainz-Bretzenheim - Mainz-Bretzenheim
| Bretzenheim |
district of Mainz
|Residents||19,933 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1871 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||14.8% (31. Dec. 2019)|
|Incorporation||1. Jan. 1930|
At the Wied 2 |
|Head of town||Claudia Siebner (CDU)|
|Allocation of seats (local advisory board)|
|tram||MVG lines 51, 52, 53, 59|
|Bus||MVG lines 57, 70, 74, 71, 90, MVG / ORN joint line 75, ORN lines 650, 652|
Bretzenheim is a district of the Rhineland-Palatinate state capital Mainz . Bretzenheim was incorporated into Mainz on January 1, 1930 by Karl Külb and is now with around 20,000 inhabitants after Neustadt (around 29,000), Gonsenheim (around 25,000) and Upper Town(around 22,000) the fourth largest district of Mainz. The district has different, individual residential areas. With the old town center, at least in Alt-Bretzenheim, a village character has been preserved. The area around the Südring, on the other hand, is characterized by a high proportion of foreigners and high-rise buildings. In the south-west, modern residential quarters with single and multi-family houses emerged. Bretzenheim is particularly popular as a place of residence for students, as it is directly adjacent to the university campus.
The following districts of Mainz border Bretzenheim in a clockwise direction:
in the north (to a small extent) Mainz-Hartenberg-Münchfeld , in the north-east Mainz-Oberstadt , in the south-east Mainz-Hechtsheim , in the south-west Mainz-Marienborn and Mainz-Lerchenberg , in the west Mainz-Drais and in the north-west Mainz-Gonsenheim .
Bretzenheim is one of the oldest places in the Mainz area. Finds from prehistoric, Roman and Franconian times prove that the area of today's Mainz district around the sources and the upper reaches of the Zaybach was settled very early.
In 235 the Roman Emperor Severus Alexander was murdered by insurgent soldiers near Mogontiacum (Mainz), the capital of Upper Germany, where his headquarters were at that time. The historian Aurelius Victor names a vicus Britanniae as the place of death, which in research literature is often identified with Bretzenheim. If this assumption is correct, it is the oldest evidence from Bretzenheim; the name is then derived from the British who settled there. Some documents from the 8th and 9th centuries mention the name of the Franconian village: Brittinheim , Brizzenheimu. In the Middle Ages, Bretzenheim is first attested in a document from January 18, 752 as villa nominata Prittonorum .
The equation of the ancient vicus Britanniae with Bretzenheim is controversial in research.  The opponents of this hypothesis argue archaeologically; they deny the existence of an ancient settlement densification , which could be called vicus , in Bretzenheim.  According to your opinion, villa Prittonorum is a language game by a learned document writer and the place name is actually derived from the personal name Bretzo . According to this, a man named Bretzo played an important role in the early days of the Frankish settlement.
On January 7, 1266, Friedrich, the praeceptor of the Lazarus Order in Germany and Hertwig, the Komtur zu Megersheim (between Bauschheim and Königstädten , districts of the city of Rüsselsheim ) sold all of the order's possessions in and near Bretzenheim to the Dalheim monastery ( Dalen nunnery at Mainz ). The Dalheim monastery thus became the largest landowner in town. From then on, the abbess in Bretzenheim could have the court speak, issue ordinances and collect taxes. The Bretzenheimers were serfs of the monastery and obliged to do labor. The rule of the monastery lasted several centuries and only ended in the course of the revolutionary wars against France . In 1797 Bretzenheim, along with the left bank of the Rhine, became French, after the defeat of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna in 1815, it became Hessian .
Viticulture in Bretzenheim
The oldest known document about viticulture in Mainz reports on a donation:
“This royal Dominialhof in Dalheim and the goods belonging to it received the St. Maximin Abbey near Trier through a royal donation . Their possessions in the village of Bretzenheim are evidenced by the Fulders donations, in which it says for the year 754: "I am donating to Adalbrecht another vineyard in front of the walls of the city of Mainz in the 'village of Brezzenheim', whose vineyards are on one side St. Maximin" »
- from History of the City of Mainz by Karl Anton Schaab , second volume, 1844.
Local Advisory Board and Mayor
In 2019 elected town council five parties continue to be represented.  The strongest parliamentary groups are the Greens and the CDU with four seats each, followed by the SPD with three seats. The ÖDP and the FDP are also represented, each with one seat. After winning the runoff on June 16, 2019  , Claudia Siebner (CDU), who replaced her party colleague Wolfram Erdmann in the previous election in 2014, remains the mayor . 
coat of arms
An abbess of Dalheim Monastery had three rings in her family coat of arms , which she also used to seal her personal possessions and documents. These rings were used as local coats of arms until the 18th century. From around 1790 the pretzel appears for the first time in the town's coat of arms. It was probably assumed at the time that Bretzenheim and the pretzel would go well together. It was not until 1920 that today's Mainz local coats of arms emerged.
The Bretzenheim pretzel coat of arms does not come from the abbess Anna von Reiffenberg, who presided over the Dalheim monastery during the construction of the town hall (1575) and the revision of the Bretzenheim Weistum (1578), but from the Bretzenheim court seal, which was already on the Cuntz Müller's letter in 1579 for a Presence good is used with a clearly recognizable pretzel. This court seal was used continuously until 1798 (capture of the areas on the left bank of the Rhineused by the French). In the time when the Bretzenheimers had a mayor, the pretzel did not appear at all, only in the short period of the Provisional Administration (1814–1816) did a pretzel appear again in the municipal stamp. After that, Bretzenheim became a grand ducal community - again without a pretzel, but with a crown and a Hessian lion.
For the technical description, the city of Mainz currently uses the following RAL color values , with their correspondence in the Pantone and CMYK system for word and image trademarks ("logos") and RGB for online media:
|colour||RAL||Pantone||CMYK||RGB (hex and color)|
0A 0A 0D
|Black C||0-0-0-100||26 23 27|
FF DC 00
|7405 C||0-25-100-0||253 196 0|
00 78 BB
|285 C||85-50-0-0||15 114 180|
Culture and sights
Mainz-Bretzenheim is home to a total of five monument zones , including the Alte Ziegelei monument zone , as well as several individual monuments. A detailed overview can be found under List of cultural monuments in Mainz-Bretzenheim .
There are the following schools in Mainz-Bretzenheim:
- Erich Kästner School (EKS)
- Heinrich Mumbächer School (HMS)
- Elementary school "An den Römersteinen"
- Integrated comprehensive school (IGS) , elite football school
- Hot line for Bretzenheim
- The district AG has existed as a forum for citizen participation since 1998. It is independent of administration and political parties, and works with local councilors, local councils, associations, institutions and parishes. Problems are addressed in several groups, suggestions for improvement are developed and initiatives and actors are coordinated.
Lindenmühle natural show garden
-  In 2012 the show garden became the UN Decade Project on Biological Diversity.
Mainz-Bretzenheim has a diverse club life. For example, the Association of Brickwork Friends Mainz was founded in 1985 with the aim of preserving the old brickworks as a leisure and educational center.  The first soccer team of TSG 1846 Mainz-Bretzenheim currently plays (2019/20 season) in the regional league of the Southwest German Football Association .  Other sports clubs in the district are SV Bretzenheim 1912 and DJK Moguntia Bretzenheim .
In 1946, members of the Catholic youth founded the Carnival Association CKV Bretzenheim , which was originally rooted in the religious Carnival and is now recognized throughout the Mainz Carnival .  Other carnival clubs are the Jakobiner Bretzenheim, founded in 1973, and the Bretzenummer Schnattergänsjer, which has only existed since 2013 .
On May 4, 2009 the foundation stone for today's Opel Arena was laid in the Bretzenheim district. Since the Bundesliga season 2011/12 denies 1. FSV Mainz 05 where its home games. The club's training center has remained in the Bruchweg Stadium , which is located in the Hartenberg-Münchfeld district .
Economy and Infrastructure
Bretzenheim has an extensive industrial area in the southeast, right in the triangle of the Autobahn 60, A 63 and Bundesstraße 40. Hornbach  and the furniture store Poco  have a seat there. One of the largest shopping centers is also located on the industrial area in the city, the Gutenberg Center.
An attempt to expand by the Carrefour Group to Mainz in 1977 failed.
Bretzenheim is integrated into the public transport network of the city of Mainz through several MVG bus and tram lines . There are direct bus connections to the two largest train stations in Mainz, the main train station and the Roman theater . Since December 2016, the new tram route, known under the project name Mainzelbahn and Bretzenheim with the university , has also been running through the local district, the campus of the University of Applied Sciences as well as with the districts of Marienborn and Lerchenberg. With the timetable change on December 15, 2019, a direct connection was established between Bretzenheim and Mainz-Hechtsheim via the A 60; previously the only direct connection (line 52) ran via the main station and the city center. 
Bretzenheim's sons and daughters
- Alfred Mumbächer (1888–1953), landscape painter
- Franziska Reichenbacher (* 1967) lived in Bretzenheim for the first six years
Personalities who have worked on site
- Josef Hofmann (1927–2016), lawyer and politician, worked as a lawyer in Bretzenheim
- Walter Konrad (1935–2019), lawyer, media manager and local politician, lived in Bretzenheim
- Claudia Wildhardt (* 1968), volleyball player, played for TSG Mainz-Bretzenheim for several years
- Claus Wolf: The districts of Mainz. Emons Verlag, Cologne 2004, ISBN 3-89705-361-6 .
- Association for local history Bretzenheim and Zahlbach: 1250 years Bretzenheim (= Bretzenheim contributions to history. Issue 2). Mainz 2002.
- Information from the city of Mainz on the Bretzenheim district
- Private website about the Mainz-Bretzenheim district
- Residents in Mainz by district on December 31, 2019 - mainz.de (PDF)
- See the detailed favorable discussions with compilation and discussion of the older literature in Leonhard Schumacher: Römische Kaiser in Mainz , Bochum 1982, pp. 89–92; see. Auguste Jardé: Etudes critiques sur la vie et le règne de Sévère Alexandre , Paris 1925, p. 85 and note 4, p. 86, note 1.
- Ronald Knöchlein: Bretzenheim - Zahlbach - Dalheim. The archaeological evidence up to the Franconian era , Mainz 2009, p. 28 and note 21 (with references) and p. 45.
- Heinrich Eduard Scriba: The regests of the documents printed up to now on the state and local history of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Third section: containing the registers of the province of Rheinhessen. Publishing house of the historical association for the Grand Duchy of Hesse, Darmstadt, 1851. Online at Google Books p. 113.
- Local council election 2019 - Mainz.de. PDF. 7.0 GB. Retrieved July 21, 2019
- result runoff 2019 Bretzenheim - Mainz.de. Retrieved July 21, 2019
- Claudia Siebner is a direct candidate , Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz, November 20, 2013
- Members by constituency , website of the Landtag Rhineland-Palatinate
- The specified RGB color values correspond to the official sRGB values of the RAL colors. In addition, the official CIE xyY values are shown, converted into sRGB with absolute colorimetric rendering intent ; the yellow hue had to be slightly adapted to the sRGB gamut . Since the corporate design for online content is defined differently (see RGB colors on the right), this is only to be understood as a guide to the appearance of printed flags.
- mainz.de: Working group near-natural green receives environmental award 2009: Local AGENDA 21 Mainz for a sustainable Rhineland-Palatinate
- Website of the brick factory friends Mainz
- Chronicle of TSG 1846 Bretzenheim
- History of the CKV Bretzenheim
- Hornbach Mainz-Bretzenheim
- POCO furniture store Mainz
- timetable change brings changes for Bretzenheim , localzeitung.de , accessed on December 15, 2019