|Margaret of Savoy|
|Duchess consort of Mantua and Monferrato|
Margaret of Savoy, by Frans Pourbus (1569-1622)
April 28, 1589 |
June 26, 1656 (68 years) |
Miranda de Ebro , Kingdom of Spain
|Burial||Monastery of Las Huelgas (Burgos)|
|Real home||House of Savoy|
|Dad||Charles Manuel I of Savoy|
|Mother||Catherine Micaela of Austria|
|Spouse||Francisco IV Gonzaga of Mantua|
She was the daughter of Carlos Manuel I of Savoy and the Infanta Catalina Micaela of Spain , granddaughter of Felipe II of Spain and cousin of Felipe IV . She married Francisco IV Gonzaga in Turin on February 19, 1608 , from which they were born:
- María Gonzaga (July 29, 1609 - August 14, 1660), married on December 25, 1627 with Duke Carlos de Nevers y de Rethel (1609-1631);
- Luis Gonzaga (July 27, 1611 - December 3, 1612), heir;
- Leonor Gonzaga (September 12, 1612 - September 13, 1612).
In 1612 her husband succeeded his father Vicente I Gonzaga as Duke of Mantua and Montferrat, but a few months later he died. As the only male child of the marriage had died, the successor to the duchy of Mantua was her husband's brother, while that of Montferrat was a disputed inheritance, since he had historically been a Margraviate , inheritable also by women. In fact, he had joined the princely dynasty of Mantua (the Gonzagas) by the wedding of Margarita Palaiologos , Margravina de Montferrat, in 1531. Consequently the demands of the girl Maria were attended and the dowager Duchess Margarita was appointed regent of Montferrat .
The point remained almost moot - Mary would remain a minor until the next decade - and ultimately, Duke Francisco's brothers could not produce any legitimate succession, the entire inheritance became the cause of the War of the Mantua Succession ( 1627-1632).
Maria was married in 1627 to Carlos, Duke of Rethel (1609-1631), the eldest son of the male heir of the distant house of Gonzaga ( Carlos I, Duke of Mantua , 1580-1637), to unite two of the suitors to the succession of Mantua. They had to fight, but in the end their line prevailed and they achieved universal recognition as Dukes of Mantua and Montferrat.
After the death in 1633 of his maternal aunt, Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia , Duchess consort of Luxembourg and Viceroy of the Netherlands , his brother Víctor Amadeo became heir to the rights of his grandmother Isabel de Valois , Henry's eldest daughter and heir II of France and Catherine de Medici .
Viceroy of Portugal
She had ancestral ties to Portugal: two of her great-grandmothers ( Isabel de Portugal and Duchess Beatriz de Savoya) were daughters of King Manuel I of Portugal . In 1635, her cousin Felipe IV of Spain named her Viceroy of Portugal.
After the death of the Count of Basto, she was appointed Viceroy of Portugal (which then formed a dynastic union aeque principaliter [ 1 ] with the other Spanish kingdoms), where she traveled on December 23, 1634. Diego's efforts were necessary for this appointment. Soares , of the Council of Portugal in Madrid, valid of the Count-Duke of Olivares and relative of Miguel de Vasconcelos , who in 1653 was appointed Secretary of State of Portugal.
In the uprising of 1640 , after the assassination of Miguel de Vasconcelos, the Duchess tried to calm the spirits of the people, mutinied in the Lisbon Market Square. Failing to do so, he shut himself up in his headquarters in Lisbon, but his power collapsed. The new governor allowed him to leave for Spain.
He died in 1655 in the Casa de los Urbina de Miranda de Ebro , Spain. His daughter Maria survived him, with two grandchildren, one his daughter Eleanor married to Ferdinand III of Habsburg and the other the reigning Duke of Mantua. At his death, both grandchildren had given him great-grandchildren.
Diogo de Castro
| Viceroy of Portugal |
1634 - 1640
Independence of Portugal