Property protection - Objektschutz
Object protection is the guarantee of the security of objects through guarding . It aims to prevent the impairment of the function, the destruction or the taking possession of an object by interferers, criminals or enemies. The usability and functionality of the property should be preserved. As a service provided by private companies, the surveillance of objects is also called separate surveillance . 
Property protection is carried out by the military , the police and security services. Properties used by the state (mostly military), economically and privately (residences, housing areas) are protected. Protected objects can be: buildings , facilities (such as ammunition stores or nuclear power plants ) or large vehicles of all kinds ( warships ). Also CIT and Castor -Transporte among the objects in the sense of physical protection.
The reason for property protection are concrete clues or an abstract risk assessment . After the events of September 11, 2001 , all diplomatic missions of the United States of America are considered to be endangered.
Property protection is achieved primarily through the following protective measures :
- Pre-inspection (e.g. road block )
- Entry control
- Identity determinations (possibly with file comparison)
- Searches of people or things (vehicles, carried objects)
The patrols are usually carried out by uniformed security guards. The type and time of presence of the guard can be graded depending on the location. Property protection also includes structural and technical facilities and devices such as barriers , anti- tank barriers , video surveillance and armored glass : all in all, all technical system security measures .
For monitoring the guard can guard control systems are used. Control points are attached at various points on the object to be protected. The guard carries a hand-held device that recognizes the control point and saves this together with the time. In this way, the presence of the guard at the checkpoint can be determined later.
Property protection in Germany
Legal foundations in the civil area
The security guards carrying out property protection have no special legal powers. The security guard takes on the role of property servant for his work . He exerts the behalf of the principal house right out. To enforce this, he has the right to self-help anchored in BGB .
Property protection in the military
In the Bundeswehr property protection does not only fall within the remit of the army , but there are several property protection troops . The Air Force has in service area property protection with the bodyguard regiment "Friesland" as well as the Marine in Sea Battalion this through specialized organizations. The Joint Support helps by the Military Police and Local backup and support forces at a military object protection.
Protection of federal organs by the federal police
In agreement with the states of Berlin and Baden-Württemberg, the Federal Police protects the federal constitutional organs and federal ministries, which are in need of protection from the police point of view, against disturbances and dangers that could impair the performance of their tasks.
These are in detail:
- Office of the Federal President
- Federal Chancellery
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Federal Ministry of the Interior
- federal Ministry of Justice
- Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe
The protective measures there include:
- Control of passenger and vehicle traffic
- Defense against possible dangers from patrol presence
- Nikolaus Dimmel and Josef Schmee: The violence of the neoliberal state , Facultas Verlag Ag, Vienna. Page 371, "Fields of activity of commercial service providers"