Rafael Simón Urbina |
Hernán Pérez Belisario
Enrique Cuscó Cela
Omnivision Omnivision Latin America Entertainment
|Headquarters|| Caracas |
Medellín (Dubbing studio)
|Operation area||Latin America|
|Divisions|| NBCUniversal International Networks Latin America |
A+E Networks Latin America
OLE Communications (formerly known as Omnivisión Multicanal or Omnivisión Latinoamérica Entertainment ) is a Venezuelan company focused on the subscription television industry . It was founded in 1987, initially being the first channel and pay television operator in Venezuela called Omnivisión . Its current headquarters is located in Coral Gables , Florida , United States , and its director is Enrique Cuscó.
Ole gained notoriety by establishing a partnership with Time Warner in the early 1990s to bring HBO to Latin America , one of the first North American channels to establish a presence in the territory. Thanks to this formed HBO Olé Partners, a member of the HBO Latin America in 1991. [ 1 ]
It is currently an international media company for Latin America that jointly controls A + E Networks Latin America (in partnership with A + E Networks) and NBCUniversal International Networks Latin America (in partnership with NBCUniversal ), [ 2 ] and its own brand VC Multichannel, where it has its own channel called IVC Network , and two dubbing studios in Venezuela and Colombia as VC Medios.
Omnivisión was founded in 1988 under the frequency of MMDS (Multipoint Multichanel Distribution System) with six channels in 2.5 GHz and one channel in VHF and UHF , [ 3 ] after a year before the Venezuelan State granted the concession of the same, [ 4 ] and being its founders the businessman Rafael Simón Urbina, along with other partners of the company, such as Hernán Pérez Belisario and Enrique Cuscó Cela .
The inauguration of the Omnivisión Canal 12 facilities was attended by the then President of Venezuela, Dr. Jaime Lusinchi , and from there the pre-sale of the programming to be broadcast on said channel was broadcast. [ 5 ] The Multichannel Omnivision signal was broadcast by a microwave system and was encrypted, so you had to buy a device called a decoder delivered by the channel to be able to be seen and, in addition, you had to pay a monthly fee to be able to see said sign.
Later, around 1991, Omnivisión Multicanal offered viewers in Caracas two hours of open signal at night (and then it was extended to morning hours [ 6 ] ). The open signal offering was a newscast and an opinion program called Sin censura , which was hosted by journalist Adelso Sandoval . [ 7 ]
In October of 1994 the Venezuelan government ordered the expropriation of Omnivision, as a result of the financial crisis recorded earlier that year , to being one of the companies that were offered as collateral for the 11 nationalized banks and intervened receiving aid from the State . The television group's debt also included its subsidiaries. [ 8 ]
Omnivisión Multicanal presented its subscribers with the signals of several TV channels, several of them foreign. [ 9 ] Omnivisión Multicanal used the MMDS system . Some of the foreign TV channels transmitted by Omnivisión Multicanal were: HBO , CNN , ESPN , Turner Network Television , USA Network , A&E , RAI and TVE . In total, it had approximately 21 television channels. [ 10 ] [ 11 ]
On the other hand, Omnivisión, CA produced the following thematic subscription channels (currently defunct):
- Cablecito : the first children's channel made in Venezuela. [ 12 ] Much of its programming was cartoons by Warner Bros. Animation and Hanna-Barbera .
- Venezuelan News Agency (AVN): first fully dedicated to news about Venezuela . It should be noted that this channel has no relationship with the news agency created by the Venezuelan government in 2005 of the same name .
- HBO Ole : Premium subscription television channel formed in association with HBO and was directed to Hispanic American countries. [ 13 ] It was released on October 31, 1991. [ 13 ]
Other channels that are still present today were also present, including:
HBO Ole Partners
Shortly after the emergence of Omnivisión Hernán Pérez Belisario, Enrique Cuscó Cela and Rafael Simón Urbina, along with other directors of said channel, attended a convention in Cannes in early 1991 , where they raised the possibility of buying rights to sell to Omnivisión Multicanal outside of Venezuela , managing to establish an alliance with Warner Bros and Time Warner , which already had an interest in the Latin American market .
Thus was born HBO Ole ( acronym for Home Box Office / Omnivision Latin Entertainment ) in November of 1991 , launched from Caracas with facilities Omnivisión Multicanal, operating only 12 hours a day until 1993 when it expanded to 18 hours and finally , 24 hours 1 as November as 1994 , at the time a service was launched in Portuguese for Brazil.
HBO Ole aired Warner Bros movies and a variety of programming (concerts, specials, sports, and premiere series). Then a multiplexed alternative signal was launched: HBO Olé 2 (Today HBO + ). At the end of the 1990s , the Olé group became a minority shareholder in HBO Latin America , which is why the channel was renamed simply " HBO ".
It is currently an international media company for Latin America that jointly controls A + E Networks Latin America (in partnership with A + E Networks) and NBCUniversal International Networks Latin America (in partnership with NBCUniversal ), [ 2 ] and its own brand VC Multichannel, where it has its own channel called IVC Network , and two dubbing studios in Venezuela and Colombia as VC Medios. Through its subsidiaries, the company distributes pay TV brands in Latin America, such as A&E , AXN , History , H2 , Lifetime, E! Entertainment , Studio Universal , Sony Channel , SYFY , Telemundo Internacional , Universal TV and Warner Channel .
On October 25, 2019, WarnerMedia (formerly Time Warner) closed an agreement to acquire Ole Communications' minority stake in HBO Ole Partners as a joint venture. Upon closing of the transaction, WarnerMedia becomes the owner of the entire offering of the HBO , MAX, Cinemax and HBO Go services in the Spanish - speaking countries of Latin America and the Caribbean . The ownership structure of HBO Brasil Partners, another joint venture between the companies that operate HBO in Brazil, is not affected in this instance. WarnerMedia and Ole Communications will continue their basic channel distribution business in Latin America. [ 14] [ 15 ] Under the BrandOle Distribution.
- Sinclair, John, Oxford University Press, ed., Latin American television (in English) , Oxford, United States, 187, ISBN 0198159293
- HBO OLE to launch in Latin America. (Home Box Office is teaming up with a Venezuelan media company, Omnivision, to create HBO OLE, a Pan American pay channel ) . January 21, 1999. Archived from the original on September 16, 2017 . Retrieved September 15, 2017 .
- "NBCUniversal and Ole Communications Expand Alliance" . Todotvnews (in English) . September 2, 2015. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018 . Retrieved September 19, 2017 .
- Flor Fabiola Zerpa (September 12, 1993). "The new TV plants in Venezuela" . Communication . Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
- "History of Television in Venezuela" . pac.com.ve . Archived from the original on September 24, 2015 . Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
- Lusinchi, Jaime (January 1, 1998), Omnivision Channel 12 , accessed September 4, 2015
- «Other voices, other areas, another TV?» . Stamps. January 6, 2013 . Retrieved September 9, 2015 .
- "If Adelso Sandoval was born again, he would be a journalist again . " Dossier-360.com. June 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014 . Retrieved September 29, 2014 .
- Ludmila Vinogradoff (October 23, 1994). "The Venezuelan Government expropriates the media . " The Country . Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
- Betty Vázquez, Francisco A. Pellegrino. «American series vs. Latin American soap operas » . Communication . Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
- «Logos and last days of Cablevisión (Omnivisión) Caracas» . Archived from the original on November 2, 2014 . Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
- «The History of Pay TV in Venezuela» . Retrieved September 2, 2015 .
- «New president in Galaxy of Mexico» . Tvmasmagazine.com . Retrieved September 29, 2014 . "In addition, he participated in the creation of HBO Ole in Latin America and participated in the launch of the cablecito channel for children, in Venezuela."
- "Low profile, high flight" . Product magazine. April 2010. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013 . Retrieved September 29, 2014 .
- "WarnerMedia will obtain full ownership of the HBO brand services, including the complete offering of HBO, MAX, Cinemax and HBO Go, in the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America and the Caribbean . " www.businesswire.com (in English) . October 25, 2019 . Retrieved February 17, 2020 .
- «WarnerMedia to take full ownership of HBO-Branded services in Spanish-Speaking Latin America and the Caribbean, including all HBO, Max, Cinemax and HBO Go offering». WarnerMedia Pressroom (en inglés). Consultado el 17 de febrero de 2020.