Palencia - Palencia

Palencia
municipality of Spain and city

Flag of Palencia.svg
Flag
Heraldic shield of Palencia.svg

Montage Palencia.jpg
Palencia located in Spain
Palencia
Palencia
Location of Palencia in Spain.
Palencia located in the Province of Palencia
Palencia
Palencia
Location of Palencia in the province of Palencia.
Country Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Autonomous communication Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and Leon
Province Flag of the province of Palencia.svg Palencia
County Farmland
Judicial party Palencia
Location 42°01′00″N 4°32′00″O / 42.016666666667, -4.5333333333333Coordenadas: 42°01′00″N 4°32′00″O / 42.016666666667, -4.5333333333333
Altitude 749 masl
Surface 94,95 km²
Population 78 144 hab. (2020)
Density 830,88 hab./km²
Demonym Palencia, -a
Postal Code 34001-34006
Phone Pref. (+34) 979
Mayor (2019) Mario Simon Martin ( Cs )
Twinned with Bourges ( France )
Pattern San Antolín
(September 2)
Patroness Virgin of the Street
(February 2)
Website www.aytopalencia.es

Palencia is a city and municipality Spanish of the autonomous community of Castilla y Leon , capital of the province of Palencia . It is located in the Tierra de Campos plain , on the banks of the Carrión River .

Located 749 meters above sea level, it is 235 km from Madrid and 47 km from Valladolid , being the two Spanish provincial capitals closest to each other. The municipality has a population of 78,892 inhabitants ( INE 2017) over an area of ​​94.95 km². For its part, the city's alfoz , made up of ten municipalities, has more than 20,000 inhabitants, which together with those of the capital add up to more than 100,000 people. It is an important industrial center of Castilla y León.

Toponymy

The name of Palencia comes from Pallantia , an old town occupied by the Vacceans ; It should not be confused with another city called Pallantia , located in the current Palenzuela , of Arevacan origin .

The Pallantia toponym ( Indo - European * pl̥s-n̥t-y-eh2.) Comes from the pre-Roman root palla ( Galician : pala, Asturian : palla) which means "rock" (Indo-European * pl̥s-eh2. Persian : parša, German : fels, Irish : all.) while the suffix "nt" is very productive in Celtic languages ​​where it is used to form derivatives. Hence, Pallantia can be equivalent to "mountainous hill" or simply "the plateau".

Its origin would doubtfully be Celtic due to the conservation of the initial / p /, as it happens in Lusitanian . However, it presents typical Celtic developments, such as the vocalization / an / </ * n̥ /, the conversion of the group / * ls /> / ll /, and the vocalization from degree zero / to / </ * l̥ /.

Symbols

Shield of Palencia.

Flag

The flag of the city of Palencia is purple, a consequence of the error made by the erudite tradition of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries of the degradation of the natural gules or crimson dyes of the banner of Castile , which was from crimson color . [ 1 ] In the center of the same coat his shield.

Shield

The coat of arms of Palencia is cracked; in the first and fourth barracks, on an azure background , it shows the cross granted to the city by King Alfonso VIII of Castile ; in the second and third, of gules, a castle of gold crenellated with three battlements with (the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Castile ), masonry of saber (black) and lightened with azure. The shield is on a gold heraldic parchment.

Antique royal crown, open, composed of a gold circle set with precious stones that holds eight finials, made of acanthus leaves, five visible, interpolated with pearls. The cross that appears represented in the shield symbolizes the "Victory Cross" that was delivered by King Alfonso VIII to Bishop Tello Téllez de Meneses for the heroic performance of the Palencians in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa that took place in 1212 . The golden castle on the field of gules is the symbol that represents the ancient kingdom of Castile, of which Palencia was a part.

Anthem

The Palencia anthem was the work of the musician Antonio Guzmán Ricis , who died in Palencia in 1944, along with another prominent figure of Palencia culture: the writer and poet Ambrosio Garrachón Bengoa , who was in charge of the lyrics that accompany the musical piece. Two young people who were 32 and 28 years old, respectively, when they finished the job.

Physical geography

Canal de Castilla dock in Palencia

The capital is located in the valley of the river Carrión near its mouth in the Pisuerga . The first crosses the city from north to south, and opens into three arms when entering the city, forming the island of Sotillo and another small island, both occupied by a park called Sotillo de los Canónigos , so called because it formerly served as an area. on a walk for the canons of the neighboring cathedral.

The Carrión joins again (it is the place where the Puente Mayor (16th century ) is located to open again into two arms, forming another island (Dos Aguas Island), occupied in its northern area by a park and in the south through various sports facilities and a golf course.The river forms small waterfalls and is the source for an artificial geyser that adorns the channel at the Puente Mayor.After leaving the city, the river joins its waters again.

The city is located in a wide flat area, with two hills in the northeastern part: Cerro del Otero and Cerro de San Juan. In the one closest to the city center is the colossal image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus of Palencia, the Christ of the Otero , the work of the sculptor Victorio Macho .

Palencia also has a mountain with 1,438 hectares of oaks and holm oaks 6 km away and 865 m above sea level, known as "Monte el Viejo". The mountain, one of the places of recreation and leisure for the population, is accessible by a road and a bike path. The vegetation is formed in the highest and driest part of holm oaks and gall oaks and as one descends in altitude it turns greener, to gall oaks, oaks and poplars.. In the mountain there is a large fence in which native deer live that can be easily spotted by visitors. In addition to the hunting reserve, Monte el Viejo has several facilities: routes with obstacles and exercise equipment, municipal swimming pools, a bar and a restaurant, a shelter and the so-called Little House and Big House; the last is a 16th century inn . In the surroundings of the city, crops dotted with groves of poplars , oaks and holm oaks are the most abundant vegetation.

The true channel of the Castilla channel does not cross the city, but a branch, called the "Ramalillo" or the Dársena , does enter the outskirts of the town. This dock was used to load goods, but with the arrival of the railway it fell into disuse. Currently it is rehabilitated for tourism and on its banks, in one of its work houses, is the Water Museum .

The municipal term of Palencia also includes the locality of Paredes de Monte .

Location

The city of Palencia is located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula , in the North sub-plateau . The Parque del Salón de Isabel II, the geographic center of the city, is located at the coordinates: 42º00'40 north latitude and 4º31'59 west longitude. It is located 749 meters above sea level.

Diagram of the towns within a radius of 10 km around Palencia.

PalenciaPalencia
Town with 1324 Inhabitants (2010)Villalobón (1.5km)
Town with 1012 Inhabitants (2010)Villaumbrales (9.5km)
Town with 1703 Inhabitants (2000)Grijota (4 km)
Town with 6233 Inhabitants (2000)Villamuriel de Cerrato (4 km)
Town with 6433 Inhabitants (2000)Sale of Baths (7 km)
Town with 1024 Inhabitants (2000)Pisuerga Store (7.5 km)
Town with 300 Inhabitants (2000)Valdepero Fountains (6.2 km)

Hydrography

The town is crossed by the river Carrión ; to the east of it is most of the city, while to the west lies the Allende el Río neighborhood . In addition, the municipal term is crossed by the Castilla channel, the Villalobón stream and other ditches . On the outskirts of Palencia there is one of the docks of the Castilla channel for which access the “Ramalillo” of Palencia was built, more than 1 kilometer long.

Orography

Palencia is located 749 m above sea level, in a flat plateau area, surrounded by several mountains: Mount "El Chivo" and Mount "El Viejo". It is precisely this orography that makes the climate of the capital somewhat colder than that of very close towns such as Valladolid, with its average temperatures approaching more to cities such as León or Burgos, located at higher altitudes.

Mount El Viejo

It is a large mountain that is located about 6 kilometers from the town center, where you can enjoy free time and a large number of leisure activities (it has various circuits, swimming pools ...). In 1191 it was sold by King Alfonso VIII to the city. [ 2 ] It has various places and enclaves such as "Vallejuelos", "Cigarral" and "Buentrigo", with a great variety of animal and plant species, and those of "Valle de San Juan" or the "Little House" with views panoramic. In the Casa Grande you will find hotel facilities in a building built in the 16th century . The "Refugio" is one of the most popular areas of Palencia, with a restaurant, circuits and a deer reserve,

Climate

Sotillo de los Canónigos Park in autumn
The church of San Miguel after a 2010 snow storm

Its interior character, away from a good part of the maritime influence, determines that the climate is continentalized Mediterranean, with some oceanic feature due to its relative proximity to the Cantabrian Sea and that in the western part of Castilla y León (the place from which the clouds come of the Atlantic) there are no mountains to stop the cloudy fronts. It has a wide thermal oscillation . The agroclimatic atlas edited by Aemetprovides the climatic data of the capital. The temperatures are particularly cool due to its surrounding relief, being one of the coldest capitals in Spain (frosts cover a wide period, with only 202 the number of days elapsed between the last frost in spring (April 21) and the first of autumn (November 6); on the other hand, between 0 and 1 days a year minimum temperatures are reached above 20 ° C. The average annual temperature is 11.6 ° C. The average temperature in January is 3, 4 and that of July of 21.9 ° C, but it reaches historical absolute minimums of down to minus 14 ° C. In summer temperatures are rarely exceeded 35-36 ° C.

Rain is very frequent in winter, and infrequent in summer. The rains are light but frequent during the winter months, however they are intense but infrequent in summer, with a contrast between the winter fronts and the strong summer storms.

Snow falls in the city an average of seven days a year, but it is usually not very heavy snowfall. The most intense of the 21st century occurred during 2009 and 2010, with accumulations of more than 10 cm. Snow usually falls in the months of December, January and February, but also in November and March.

According to the criteria of the Köppen climate classification published by the AEMET, the city's climate is between Cfb and Csb (temperate without a dry season and with a mild summer, which would correspond to an oceanic climate; and temperate with dry season and mild summer, which would more closely resemble a climate with Mediterranean features). [ 3 ]This is due to the fact that although the total annual precipitation is not very abundant, the distribution of rainfall is wide, reaching a figure that is around 80 days of annual rain (compared to Mediterranean areas, where despite having precipitation figures similar, they are around 50 rainy days a year). On the other hand, the cool temperatures typical of a continentalized climate favor an aridity index (it expresses the quotient between the average annual precipitation and the potential evapotranspiration) of 0.75; It is therefore framed within the range of humid areas.

Gnome-weather-few-clouds.svg Average climatic parameters of Palencia in the period 1981-2010 WPTC Meteo task force.svg
My One. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. Jun. Jul. Ago. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
Temp. máx. abs. (°C) 17.8 23.6 24.8 30.6 34 38.4 40 39.6 37.8 30.2 24 20.2 40
Temp. max. media (° C) 8 10 14 15 19 25 28 29 24 18 12 8 17.5
Temp. media (°C) 3.4 5.0 8.0 10.2 13.9 18.2 21.9 20.6 17.1 12.2 7.1 4.3 11.6
Temp. min. media (° C) -1 0 2 3 6 10 12 12 10 7 2 -1 5.5
Temp. mín. abs. (°C) -15 -11 -12 -6 -5 -1 2 2 0 -5 -8 -13 -15
Total precipitation (mm) 40.4 28.6 25.1 38.6 44.6 28.7 16.3 17.9 23.1 45.6 46.1 43.4 489
Rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 8 7 7 9 9 5 3 3 4 8 8 9 80
Snowfall days (≥ 1 mm) 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7
Source: AEMET: Agroclimatic Atlas of Castilla y León. Junta de Castilla y León, Ministry of agriculture and livestock. Data for the period 1981-2010 in Palencia [ 4 ]

Nature

Vegetation

Isabel II Hall Park

The Palencia countryside looks green from October to June, being altered by snow and winter frost. From June or July the landscape becomes a steppe that is more reminiscent of the typical image of " dry Castile ". The vegetation, given its location between the humid Spain of the north and the dry Spain of the south, is mainly composed of poplars (a species of repopulation), oaks and holm oaks .

The city has the largest landscaped area in Spain in relation to the area it occupies and is one of the largest in Europe. (15,000,000 m² of gardens in the urban area: Parque de Isabel II, Jardinillos de la Estación, Huerta de Guadián, La Carcavilla, among others and more than 14,000,000 of "El Monte el Viejo").

In 2010 the city of Palencia won the award for "Most Sustainable City in Spain". [ 5 ]

Palencia parks

According to the City Council of the capital, Palencia is the city with the most green areas per inhabitant in Spain and occupies one of the first places in the European Union. This, together with the low density of road traffic, makes the air in the city quite clean. The main parks of the city are:

History

Old age

Silver bracelet found in Palencia in 1956 in the College of the Philippians composed of silver and gold jewelery, torques, necklaces, bracelets, bangles, earrings, fibulae and a large number of silver denarii.
Mosaic with Medusa, found at numbers 4 and 5 of Calle Ramírez in 1869 and currently kept in the MAN.
Excavations in Calle Canónigo San Martín 7, where various levels of Roman occupation appeared.
Visigothic arches of the iconostasis of the crypt of San Antolín.
Sarcophagus of Don Tello de Castilla , in the convent of San Francisco.

The historical origins of the city remain uncertain, but what there is archaeological verification of is pre-Roman settlements on the site of the current city, which the Celtiberians called Pallantia . The town that occupied it was the Vacceos : the most cultured of the Celtiberian tribes, agrarian and with a powerful military organization.

The most evident trace of Romanization that remains in the city is the bridge called Puentecillas , of Roman origin although it has been remodeled several times. This bridge allowed access to the island of Sotillo de los Canónigos. Here is the so-called Bolo de la Paciencia , a round stone that was the lie of the city. The bridge was restored and remodeled in the Middle Ages .

In Visigothic Hispania it was the episcopal seat of the Catholic Church since the 4th century , as suffragan of the Archdiocese of Toledo, which included the ancient Roman province of Cartaginense . With the Visigoths came one of the most splendid stages for the city, as it was one of the seats of the Court. There are remains of the Visigothic vestige in the Crypt of San Antolín (which is the current crypt of the cathedral) and in the nearby town of Baños de Cerrato with the church of San Juan de Baños ( 7th century), located 7 km from the capital, and considered the masterpiece of Visigoth architecture.

Middle Ages

It was developed as a city during the Reconquest by the Asturian kings. After the Palencia diocese was lost after the Muslim occupation , it was not restored until King Sancho III the Elder himself entrusted the organization of it to the Bishop of Palencia Pontius . According to legend, the king came across the ruins of a temple dedicated to Saint Antolin while hunting a wild boar and received the revelation to restore the little church. Discovered in this way the ruins that sheltered the remains of the martyr, the place would have been chosen as the center of the episcopal see. After the restoration and expansion of the sanctuary, the new building was consecrated with the presence of the king and several bishops in the year 1035 .

The Middle Ages is the most turbulent period in the history of the city, but also the one with the greatest projection in the events in the history of the Kingdom of León and the Kingdom of Castile . Alfonso VIII of Castilla was the most determined promoter of the city, granting it charters and the first free council, and establishing between 1208 and 1212, at the request of Bishop Tello Téllez de Meneses , an educational institution that was the first University in Spain called Universidad de Palencia or General Study of Palencia, receiving the pontifical approval of Honorius III in 1221 and disappearing a few decades later. The city fought nobly in the battle ofLas Navas de Tolosa , in 1212, which led to the award of various assets.

The predilection that King Alfonso VIII and his family had for the city shows that his son and heir Enrique I died there, in an unfortunate accident; or that the daughter of the sovereign, Blanca de Castilla , future queen of France and mother of Saint Louis , came to the world in Palencia.

It is also noteworthy that, in 1388, while the Palencians were out of the city, troops of the Duke of Lancaster arrived with the intention of looting the city, which was courageously defended by Palencia women, preventing Lancaster from subduing Palencia. For this reason, the Palencia woman was awarded the yellow band of honor, which only men could wear, and which today is evident in the regional costume.

It is in the fourteenth century when the importance and volume that the city had acquired forced the construction of a new cathedral capable of meeting the needs of a thriving population. The building was built on the ruins of the previous Romanesque style, and in turn on the previous ones of the Visigoth cathedral, all of which remain in the current building. Although the foundation stone for the new cathedral was laid in 1321 , the work was not essentially completed until the end of the 16th century . During the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance , great churches and monasteries were built, such as the Convent of San Pablo, (late Gothic), the Monastery of Las Claras (Gothic), the Monastery of San Francisco (Gothic with added Renaissance and Baroque elements), or the Church of the Company , (typically Jesuit ). The Castilian nobility, the ecclesiastical manors or the diocese itself, which during the 14th and 15th centuries was one of the largest and richest in Castile, sponsored these constructions.

Modern age

The economic prosperity of the 16th century made Palencia, together with other Castilian provinces, the economic and demographic heart of the Spanish Empire . Already in the 18th century , the most beneficial event for the life of the city was the construction of the Canal de Castilla promoted by King Ferdinand VI continued with Carlos III., one of the most representative civil engineering works of the time in Europe, begins in Alar del Rey and has 38 locks in the Palencia geography that irrigate from north to south. It passes next to San Quirce between the 1st, 2nd and 3rd locks, reaching Herrera there are the next three locks, and the San Andrés retention locks in what was the Batán factory, next Ventosa de Pisuerga lock, Zarzose continues, then Naveros , San Llorente, Puente del Rey, lock 15 on the road to Villadiezma; it crosses the Vallarna stream and the Requena Bridge to reach Frómista where locks 17 to 21 are, then Piña, Monzón, Palencia and Grijota; in Villamartín it reaches Viñalta and from there a straight branch derives that comes to the banks of the Carrión river, in Palencia. From Palencia it goes to Villamuriel,

Contemporary age

19th and 20th centuries

Map of the town published in 1852 by Francisco Coello .
19th century engraving of the missing Monzón gate
General view of Palencia in a drawing of 1885

During the 19th century , the city wall was demolished, of which, for example, the Monzón gate was a part. [ 6 ]

The 20th century left an important mark on the city. The First World War and the Spanish Civil War favored, to a certain extent, the economic development of the city, whose industries (flour, wool, weapons) were essential for supplying the belligerents. In the 20th century , the creative activity of important artists from Palencia stood out, such as the sculptor Victorio Macho with his famous Cristo del Otero and his Monument to Berruguete or the architect Jerónimo Arroyo, who left in the city a multitude of buildings and palaces such as the Palacio de la Diputación , the Villandrando School, the Jorge Manrique Institute or the current Health Center of La Puebla.

In pre-war Palencia the party with the greatest strength was the Socialist Party , while in the province the most important party was Acción Popular Agraria . The Falange had very few members, and most of them were in prison.

On July 19, 1936, a military column left for Venta de Baños and took the train station, then the entire city without hardly anyone noticing it. At seven in the morning, another force left for the center of the provincial capital to declare a state of war and occupy the most important buildings. Unlike what happened in Venta de Baños, there was strong opposition to the uprising, there were shootings in the streets and great resistance in the Republican Civil Government for two hours in charge of Assault Guards and Carabineros concentrated by the Governor, López Muñiz, who later he was shot dead when he had already been arrested. The County Council, the City Hall and the train station were more easily occupied. General Ferrer de Miguel took over the Provincial Council and the Civil Government, although since July 19 both authorities had been handed over to a military command. An artillery captain was appointed mayor. Many were those arrested during those days in Palencia, especially when they arrived armed from the towns of the province, responding to the summons of the Civil Governor. For his part, the head of the Palencia Falange was released and quickly organized a mixed squad of Falangists and civil guards that toured the towns of the province eliminating all kinds of resistance. Much of the reprisals were buried in the grave of the mayors, in the old cemetery of the city, transformed in 1981 into the La Carcavilla playground , and where from 2009 the exhumations by the ARMH began . An estimated 497 people are buried there. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ]

The remodeling of the city undertaken at the end of the 20th century led to the creation of a multitude of green spaces, such as the Carcavilla park or the Isla dos Aguas, which led the city to be the first in green areas per inhabitant in Spain. [ citation required ]

XXI century

Project for the Spanish high-speed rail network where the junction that will be the intersection of the tracks in the capital of Palencia can be seen.
The Río Carrión Hospital , inaugurated in 1954. The demolition of the old building is planned to be replaced by more modern facilities, which will complete the existing ones in its surroundings.

At present, it is above all a city of services, although the automobile and auxiliary, agri-food and construction materials industries are of great importance. Palencia has undergone profound urban changes. As has been said, it is today one of the cities with the highest amount of green spaces per inhabitant in Spain and the center has few streets that are not pedestrianized. These areas, like the parks, continue to grow. Surrounding the city, numerous wind mills were installed in the first decade of the 21st century , supplying clean energy for the city.

On October 10, 2006, the New Municipal Stadium La Balastera was inaugurated , a large metal and glass building with four sloping and translucent towers, the work of the architect Francisco Mangado . It is a large and spectacular stadium despite the fact that it was made for the Palencia Football Club , a team that at the time of its construction was in the second division B and today has disappeared.

In the area of ​​Nueva Balastera (or Sector 8) a new Shopping and Leisure Center was inaugurated in 2011. [ 10 ] Annexed to this neighborhood, another will be developed that will reach the Benavente-Palencia Highway, which borders the city.

In 2008, two important sports centers were created in the city: the "La Lanera" Sports Center and the Center for the Prevention of Risks in Free Time Activities (known as "El Rocódromo"), which has rapids, zip lines, climbing walls, waterfalls , caves over and under water, among other attractions. It will be used to take courses on the practice of sports ranging from canoeing or climbing to scuba diving or caving . [ citation required ]

Since 2010, numerous bike lanes and bike rental outlets have been installed in the city.

Calle Mayor de Palencia , with the statue to the Palencia woman .

The bullring of Palencia, officially called "Gothic Fields", it was inaugurated on September 2, 1976, coinciding with the feast of San Antolín, and designed by the architect Luis Gutiérrez Gallego, taking one hundred days to build it. In 2009 the Provincial Council, which owns the plaza, set up a commission of bullfighting fans and journalists, and called a contest to give it a name through a popular vote on the internet, but its result had to be canceled since the system did not it prevented the same person from voting on more than one occasion. In September the voting system was changed, through telephone calls, which prevented the casting of more than one vote. The results, published in October, revealed that 382 calls were received, the number of valid votes was 267. The winning name was "Gothic Fields", the name by which the arena had been commonly referred to, with 107 votes. A life-size sculpture of the bullfighter is plannedMarcos de Celis .

In 2007, a proposal was made to expand the municipal golf course on the right bank of the river, south of the city. [ 11 ] Finally, the project was not carried out and the space was used to create one of the largest parks in the city: the Ribera Sur park, which was located a few meters from the new La Lanera Sports Center, which, together with the installation of playgrounds and maintenance for the elderly and the network of cycle lanes that surrounds it, has become one of the most important sports centers in the city.

In 2015, the high-speed section that connects with Madrid and León through Valladolid was inaugurated, adding Palencia to the other cities that have this modern railway infrastructure. [ 12 ] On March 22, 2018, part of the city was declared a site of cultural interest, in the category of historical complex . [ 13 ]

Demography

Population

Historically it has been a receiving center for internal migration, especially during the 1950-1970s in the so-called rural exodus , as it has a more active and dynamic industry than the surrounding regions such as Tierra de Campos and El Cerrato . The relative annual growth was 1.01% (period 2005-2006), being one of the few exceptions in the entire province, which generally loses population, and has done so again since 2009. The city is inhabited by 78,892 inhabitants ( INE 2017).

Source: INE [ 14 ]

Administration and politics

Mayors since the 1979 elections
Period Name Match
1979-1983 Francisco Jambrina Sastre Union of Democratic Center (logo) .png UCD
1983-1987 Francisco Jambrina Sastre Popular Alliance (logo, 1983-89) .svg AP
1987-1991 Antonio Encinas Losada Popular Alliance (logo, 1983-89) .svg AP
People's Party (Spain) Logo.svg PP
1991-1995 Heliodoro Gallego Cuesta PSOE.svg logo PSOE
1995-1999 Marcelo by Manuel Mortera People's Party (Spain) Logo.svg PP
1999-2003 Heliodoro Gallego Cuesta PSOE.svg logo PSOE
2003-2007 Heliodoro Gallego Cuesta PSOE.svg logo PSOE
2007-2011 Heliodoro Gallego Cuesta PSOE.svg logo PSOE
2011-2015 Alfonso Polanco Rebolleda People's Party (Spain) Logo.svg PP
2015-2019 Alfonso Polanco Rebolleda People's Party (Spain) Logo.svg PP
2019- Mario Simon Martin Official logo Ciudadanos.svg Cs


Distribution of the City Council after the municipal elections of 2019 in Palencia : [ 15 ]

Political parties in the City Council of Palencia
Politic party Candidate Votes % Councilors +/-
PSOE Miriam Andrés 16 303
37,86 %
11
+3
PP Alfonso Polanco 14 366
33,36 %
9
-1
Citizens Mario Simon 5138
11,93 %
3
=
Vox Sonia Luisa Lalanda 2633
6,11 %
1
+1
Let's win Palencia Sonia Ordonez 2403
5,58 %
1
-3

Territorial organization

Officially the city of Palencia does not have more divisions than those marked by the postal code; However, there are several neighborhoods with great personality and autonomy, some of them being divided into smaller areas.

Downtown neighborhoods

Church of San Lazaro

The historic center of the city of Palencia is subdivided into:

  • Center-Cathedral : it is one of the most beautiful and busy areas of the city of Palencia and has a wide heritage of both civil and religious monuments. It includes the cathedral known as "La Bella Desconocida", Calle Mayor ; main shopping street of the city, the Archaeological Museum , the church of San Miguel and the emblematic bridges. It is the oldest neighborhood in the city and dates from the Visigoth era.
  • Centro-La Puebla : in one of the largest and liveliest neighborhoods in the capital. In it you will find the Plaza Mayor , the town hall or town hall of Palencia, the church of San Francisco , the Diputación de Palencia , the church of San Lázaro , the Principal Theater among other monuments located on Don Sancho de Castilla street that receives that Named after the palace of Don Sancho that was where the Banco Español de Crédito building is today, the arms of Don Sancho de Castilla appear in the temple of San Lázaro. Its buildings, streets and monuments belong to different eras. The District has the neoclassical essence and art nouveauand decorate for its monuments. It is also the area that has a greater offer of nightlife (bars, discos ...).
  • Centro-Salón de Isabel II : romantic neighborhood for its parks of the Huerta de Guadián in which the church of San Juan Bautista and the Salón de Isabel II are located, as well as the IES Jorge Manrique where the Jerónimo Arroyo museum is located , Plaza España and Plaza Pío XII. It is the southern end of the center. In addition to the Paseo del Salón, its two main arteries are República Argentina and Modesto Lafuente avenues, which originated as a bourgeois expansion of the city. Among them is the so-called Barrio de María Cristina formed by single-family houses with similar aesthetics that constitute a kind of microcosm or oasis in the heart of the city.
  • Centro-San Pablo : located at the end of Calle Mayor, this neighborhood has a lush park (the gardens), the important convent of San Pablo and a network of narrow streets very typical of the 20th century . It is the northern border of the city center. Next to the Los Jardinillos park is the train station.
Entrance to Calle Mayor during the patron saint festivities.

Eixample neighborhoods

  • Campo de la Juventud : neighborhood from the 1960s with a sports complex for youth, and the great church of San José built fifty years ago, a brick church typical of the 1960s developmentalism. It extends from Modesto Lafuente avenue to approximately Rabí Sem Tob square. It borders the Salón de Isabel II and the San Telmo neighborhood.
  • El Carmen : residential and quiet place. In this neighborhood the church of Carmen stands out, relatively "modern" (about 50 years old) from which arcades supported by brick arches that extend around the Plaza del Carmen start. El Carmen is a neighborhood with extensive growth in recent years due to the multitude of buildings that are being erected next to Paseo de la Julia avenue. It has a recently opened park "Ribera Sur" that extends to La Yutera, as well as a sports center "La Lanera" and a leisure center that is being built in the old Provincial Prison.
  • Pan y Guindas : a new and quiet neighborhood, mainly residential. For many years it was practically the eastern border of the city.
  • Nueva Balastera or Sector 8 : located on the southern border of Palencia, it is a newly built neighborhood in current urban development, which in the future will extend to the Palencia-Benavente highway. The New Municipal Stadium La Balastera is located , a new Shopping and Leisure Center called "Arambol" and the construction of the sports city of Palencia is planned.
  • San Telmo-Santiago : neighborhood that combines buildings from the 1970s with new ones, is in expansion and urban development. It reaches the San Telmo provincial hospital, in front of the CEIP "Ramón Carande y Thovar".
  • Madrid : it is located in the surroundings of Avenida de Madrid and is a neighborhood of the widening area with a lot of vitality.
The San Juanillo neighborhood with more than 15 centimeters of snow
  • San Juanillo , also known as Corea : New and residential neighborhood whose main monuments are the church called María Reina Inmaculada and the Palencia bullring.
  • Eras del Bosque : neighborhood from the 1970s with large green areas.
  • Ave María : neighborhood going up to Cristo del Otero, its main street is the Paseo del Otero, where its main monument is located: the modern chapel of María Estela, the old tile factory or "tejera": undergoing remodeling to house the future Palace of Exhibitions and Congresses, and "the turrets": the tallest building in the city.

Outlying neighborhoods

  • Allende el Río : it is the only neighborhood located on the right bank of the river, surrounded by green areas among which is Isla Dos Aguas or the Sotillo de los Canónigos park that gives access to the neighborhood from the cathedral, in Allende del Río there is also the Canal dock. This neighborhood is in the westernmost area of ​​the city.
  • Ntra. Sra. De los Ángeles : industrial district in which the current Municipal cemetery and the industrial estates of San Antolín and Villalobón are located.
  • Santa Marina : it is the greenest area, it is crossed by the river and has two islands, the "Marta Domínguez" sports center and the Episcopal palace as well as the churches of Santa Marina and La Piedad.
  • San Antonio : modern neighborhood of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in increasing expansion, it has one of the great parks of the city, built on the land that formerly occupied the old cemetery of La Carcavilla . Next to the park is the chimney of the old Electrolysis factory, visible from various points of the capital and the "las barra" park, next to the Santa Marina swimming pools. In it is the modern church of San Antonio, seat of the parish of the neighborhood. It borders the Carrión River and is the northwestern border of the city.
    • Electrolysis : formerly a neighborhood with hardly any homes. After the construction of the "electrolysis" or copper factory, it became an important industrial area of ​​Palencia and the northern limit of the city. Currently the factory no longer exists and the land is within the residential neighborhood of San Antonio.
  • Cristo del Otero : northwestern limit of the city. Built on the surroundings of the hill where one of the symbols of Palencia is located, the Christ that dominates one of the neighborhoods with the greatest personality in the city.

Other areas

  • Prado de la lana : originally it was a place located completely outside the city that lost activity with the cessation of the manufacture of the famous Palencia blankets, hence its name. It is currently a residential area on the banks of the Carrión River.
  • Tres Pasos : area located between the railroad tracks and El Cristo.

Transport

A bus in the park of Isabel II

Highway

Several highways and national roads run through the municipality that link the city with other capitals that surround it.

The following high capacity routes stand out:

Identifier Denomination Itinerary
A-610 Palencia - Magaz highway Palencia - Magaz de Pisuerga
A-65 Benavente - Palencia highway Villalpando - Medina de Rioseco - Palencia
A-67 Meseta Highway Sale of Bathrooms - Palencia - Santander
P-11 South Access to Palencia Palencia - A-67

The national roads that originate in the city or simply pass through it are:

Identifier Itinerary
N-610 Palencia - Villalón de Campos - Benavente
N-611 Palencia - Santander
P-12 A-67 - Palencia

Urban buses

A bus on line 2

Palencia has an urban bus service made up of six day lines, named with numbers, managed by Palbus . The fleet of sixteen buses. It also has one of the cheapest rates in Spain (€ 0.70). There are twenty-six stops equipped with electronic information signs. The approximate number of users per year in 2016 was about 2,200,000. In addition, it has a night service, electric bus, intercity buses in direct contact with urban buses, free Wi-Fi in all buses and smart systems with voice in all the buses announcing the stops.

Lines
Line Route Business hours Saturday hours Sundays hours Frequency Monday to Saturday Frequency Sundays
Line 1 (PALBUS) San Antonio - Campus 6:40 a 22:30 6:40 a 22:30 8:30 a 22:30 20 minutes 30 minutes
Line 2 Camino de la Miranda - Campus 6:30/7:00 a 22:50 6:30/7:00 a 22:50 8:15 a 22:15 15/20 minutes 30 minutes
Line 3 (PALBUS) Hospital Río Carrión - San Telmo 7:00 a 22:30 7:00 a 22:30 7:30 a 22:30 30 minutes 30 minutes
Line 4 Beyond the River - Polygons 6:30 a 22:00 6:30 a 22:00 9:00 a 22:00 60 minutes 60 minutes
Line 5 Cristo del Otero - Hospital Río Carrión 7:00 a 21:30 7:00 a 14:30 No service 60 minutes No service
Line 6 (PALBUS) Leon Square - Monte el Viejo 11:30 a 21:00 11:30 a 21:00 11:30 a 21:00 60 minutes 60 minutes
People collapses are frequently a cause for complaint.
Rates
Ticket Price per trip
One-way ticket
0,70 €
Bonobús
0,40 €
Young Bus
0,20 €
Bonobus Pensionista
0,10 €

Bike rental

In 2008, Palencia had a free bicycle loan system, which operated for twelve hours a day. There were 45 bicycles distributed in five bases located in Plaza Pío XII, Plaza de San Pablo, Santander avenue, Language School and La Yutera University Campus.

Media

Newspapers

Radio stations

Internet

  • Palencia information portal
  • We are Palencia (Tourism, Leisure and Culture)

TV

  • La 8 Palencia (TDT Mux: 62)

Heritage

The cathedral of Palencia from the Plaza de la Inmaculada

Palencia, like most Castilian cities, has a great historical-artistic heritage, which testifies to the importance it had in the past. Despite having important monuments such as the cathedral , one of the largest in Spain, the Cristo del Otero which is one of the largest images of Jesus in the world or five National Monuments and unique festivals of great interest such as Holy Week or the Pilgrimage of Santo Toribio , Palencia is not a favorite city for tourism and although it grows year after year the number of tourists does so very slowly.

The city is among the cities in Spain with the largest landscaped area in relation to the number of inhabitants it has; [ 16 ] In addition, it has an extensive network of pedestrian streets in the center, and is considered one of the most sustainable and cleanest cities in Spain. [ 17 ]

Civil monuments

Monument to Alonso Berruguete ; in the background the City Hall of the capital.
Villandrando School.
  • Calle Mayor : it is the main street of the city and the center of the commercial, administrative and cultural activity of Palencia. In this street and in its surroundings there are the most interesting civil buildings.
  • Plaza Mayor and Town Hall : the Plaza Mayor was built in the seventeenth century to celebrate public festivities and the market. Three of its sides are supported and it is presided over by the Town Hall, a neoclassical construction from the 19th century .
  • Palacio de la Diputación : a 1914 neo-Renaissance building, designed by the Palencia architect Jerónimo Arroyo . Its main façade and the works of Palencia artists that it houses inside stand out.
  • Casa del Cordón : a 16th century buildingtopped with a Franciscan cordon on its façade. Inside is the Provincial Archaeological Museum . It is the only Renaissance civil monument in the city.
  • Puentecillas : bridge of Roman origin, renovated in the 16th century . The most typical and oldest.
  • Puente Mayor : stone construction from the 16th century , renovated and enlarged at the end of the 18th century .
  • Iron Bridge : from the beginning of the 20th century .
  • Villandrando School : remarkable building on Calle Mayor. Designed by Jerónimo Arroyo , the ceramic that finishes off the façade, the work of Daniel Zuloaga, stands out .
  • Post Office Building : built in 1916 according to the project of Jacobo Romero .
  • Main theater : built in the 19th century on the model of Italian theaters. After suffering a fire in 1826, it was rebuilt and remodeled.
  • IES Jorge Manrique : it is the largest institute in Palencia and in one of its domes is the Jerónimo Arroyo museum.
  • Mercado de Abastos : Remarkable building in Palencia for housing a large market and for being the only iron and glass work in Palencia, designed by Juan Agapito Revilla, it was built in 1898.
  • Hospital de San Bernabé : located in the vicinity of the Cathedral. Founded in the 12th century and rebuilt in the 15th century .
  • Junco House : noble construction of the 18th century , in the Baroque style. Located on Calle Mayor.
  • Casino of Palencia .
  • Flora Germán's House : Modernist building by Jerónimo Arroyo, its viewpoints and its ovoid dome that stand out notably from the rooftops of Calle Mayor stand out.
  • Castilla y León Accounts Council (Ramón Alonso House): Jerónimo Arroyo building located at the confluence of Bocaplaza Street with Mayor Street (one of the most sophisticated areas of the city). It has two interesting towers with colored stained glass. In front of him is the statue to its author.

Religious monuments

Church of San Miguel, with its characteristic tower.
  • San Antolín Cathedral : the main monument of the city of Palencia, built in the Gothic style. It has been a National Monument since 1929. Inside it keeps numerous and valuable works of art, among which are:
  • Cristo del Otero : key work of the sculptor Victorio Macho , at whose feet he is buried. Erected in 1931 on one of the hills that surround the city, crowning an old hermitage, it is a 30-meter-high sculpture (the third largest of Christ, after the statue of Christ the King in the Polish city of Świebodzin and the Christ of Rio de Janeiro ). The colossal construction dominates the entire city and is the main symbol of the capital of Palencia.
  • Church of San Miguel : its religious-military tower is another of the most representative icons of Palencia. A 12th century temple, it is an excellent example of the primitive pointed style. Inside, there is a Christ from the 14th century , altars from the 17th and 18th centuries, one of them with aFlemish Pieta , and remains of Gothic wall paintings. The legend says that the Cid Campeador married Doña Jimena here , but if so, it would be in a previous temple located in this same place. It was declared a National Monument in 1931.
  • Church of San Francisco : Franciscan foundation of the thirteenth century , it underwent modifications in the sixteenth century , which altered its primitive Gothic character. It was the seat of the Cortes Generales in the 14th century and a royal residence. Inside, its Mudejar coffered ceilings stand out, a good collection of altarpieces and images and a chapel completely covered with skulls. National Monument since 1962.
  • Convent of San Pablo : it was the foundation of Santo Domingo de Guzmán in the 13th century . The current church dates from the 15th and 16th centuries , and the belfry on the main façade from the 18th . On the outside, the apse with Renaissance windows stands out. Inside, the main altarpiece and the tombs of the Marquis of Poza stand out. Declared a National Monument in 1931.
Sepulcher of the Marquis of Poza, in the church of the convent of San Pablo.
  • Monastery of Santa Clara : the Admirals of Castile were founders and protectors of this Gothic convent. The church dates from the 15th century , with a main altarpiece from the 18th century . The reclining Christ stands out, a carving surrounded by mystery and legends of which it is said that it was found in the sea inside an urn and that its hair and nails grow. Miguel de Unamuno dedicated a poem to him. In this convent, José Zorrilla placed the legend of Margarita la Turnera .
  • Iglesia de la Compañía (also called Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Calle): Jesuit church built in 1584. The 40 cm carving is kept there. of the Virgen de la Calle, patron saint of the city. It was declared a National Monument in 1982.
  • Church of San Juan Bautista : small but beautiful Romanesque temple. Its structure was moved and rebuilt in Palencia when the town in which it was located (Villanueva del Río) was flooded by the waters of the Aguilar reservoir . It is a National Monument since 1981.
  • Episcopal Palace : in this palace, of severe Neoclassical style, formerly the residence of the Palencia bishops, is the Diocesan Museum , with an important collection of works of art of all styles from the Romanesque, highlighting those of authors such as Pedro Berruguete , Alejo de Vahía or Juan de Valmaseda , which make it one of the main museums of its kind nationwide.
  • Church of San Lázaro : with a late Romanesque tower, the nave dates from the 16th century . In it a clear and perfect union between the Gothic and the late Romanesque can be appreciated. It was originally a hospital for lepers. The harmonious Gothic interior and the main altarpiece stand out.
  • Church of San Bernardo : temple of a monastery founded by Saint Teresa of Jesus , it was also the seat of the patron saint of Palencia before its transfer to the current sanctuary. Its 16th century Plateresque façade stands out.
  • Church of Santa Marina : temple from the 18th century .
  • Major Seminary .
  • Convent of La Piedad : built in the 16th century , by Dominican nuns.
  • Convent of the Agustinas Canónigas : from the 17th century . Headquarters of the Brotherhood of the Virgen de la Piedad, which parades at Easter .
  • Agustinas Recoletas Convent : built in the 17th century .

The church, with a single nave, has a Latin cross plan, its transept stands out with a lantern dome. The barrel vault and the dome are decorated with plasterwork designed by Antonio de Canales.

Statues and memorials

Statue to the Immaculate Conception (1914)
  • Statue to the Immaculate Conception (1914): Bronze monument seated on a multiple stone column. It is perhaps one of the sculptures of greatest artistic interest due to its finesse and realism. It is located in the square that bears his name, in front of the cathedral. It dates from 1914 and is the work of Jerónimo Arroyo .
  • Monument to Alonso Berruguete (1963): bronze and white stone statue in the Plaza Mayor. One of the most famous in the city. It is the work of Victorio Macho .
  • Statue to the Palentina Woman (1998): the work of Indalecio López Castrillo whose installation in the center of Calle Mayor was controversial at the time for being too modern for the environment. Today it is a statue well known for being the meeting point par excellence of the people of Palencia who colloquially nickname it "la gorda". It is sculpted in black stone and has a granite pedestal-bench.
  • Statue to Jerónimo Arroyo : it is made of bronze and is located on Bocaplaza street, in front of the Castilla y León Accounts Council . It represents this famous architect from Palencia with a notebook and a pen in hand, drawing the building projected by him. Said pen was stolen shortly after the statue was placed, being replaced and welded without more disappearances being recorded.
  • Statue of Modesty (1948): represents a very young girl, naked, of great beauty and with an expression of slight modesty. It is made of bronze and stands on a block of white stone. The sculptor was Mariano Timón Ambrosio (Villanueva de la Vera 1905- † 1976 Palencia)
  • Headdress Statue (1948): by Mariano Timón Ambrosio . Companion of the previous one represents a girl very similar to that one, this time combing her hair. Both are in the Mariano Timón square, behind the public library.
  • Statue to the Aguadora : this is a project by Victorio Macho made a reality in the 21st century . The Aguadora is a bronze statue placed on a pink granite pedestal. It represents a woman with a pitcher and, despite the fact that she is a peasant, her haughty gesture with her head raised and her posture give her a majestic appearance. It is located on Ignacio Martínez de Azcoitia street , giving rise to one of the most beautiful places in the city: in front of it is the Villandrando School , to its left the City Hall and behind it the churches of San Francisco and Nuestra Señora. of the Solitude.
  • Statue to the Iberian Peasant : colossal statue of 2006 made by Luis Alonso, whose measure is four meters. It is made of green bronze on a pedestal and represents a muscular and naked peasant who pretends to welcome the city. It responds to another project by Victorio Macho . It is located in the roundabout where the avenues of Simón Nieto and Asturias converge, an obligatory point of passage for those who enter the city from the north.
  • Tribute to the Elders (Sergio García): 2007 homage to the elders of Palencia. The sculptural group is made up of two statues, an elderly woman and an elderly man seated on the large concrete bench on the Paseo del Salón.
  • Monument to the Brotherhood : by Óscar Alvariño. Dating from 2008, it represents two brothers carrying out two very typical traditions in Palencia's Holy Week: the one who knocks with his stick at a hypothetical door, who makes the call of brothers and the other who plays the tararú . It is located on a loft in the Plaza de San Pablo to the right of the homonymous church.
  • Monument to Admiral Grau : it is a stone block on which the naked bust of Admiral Grau sits.
  • Monument to the Palentine Artists : it is located in a roundabout and is made up of a circular fountain whose center presents a rocky mound on which an image of a naked bronze man sits with ribbons in his hands. The fountain has several jets of water that collide with the pedestal, enveloping the statue in a cloud.
  • Monument to the Community members of Castilla : the work of the sculptor Rafael Cordero, it is a kind of white stone column with inscriptions crowned by three linked bronze hands representing the three community members.
  • Tribute to the Master : work of Rafael Cordero. It consists of two figures made of bronze, a teacher on a seat with a book in his hands that is listened to by a girl sitting on the floor. Both are on a white granite pedestal located in the Plaza de la Inmaculada, in front of the cathedral.
  • Monument to the Labrador (Ursicino Martínez, 2000): it is a sculpture of a farmer collecting wheat with a sickle. Its style is modernist and it is located in the Plaza de España on a white stone pedestal. It was conceived to be located in the center of the Plaza in a roundabout but, by reducing visibility to traffic, it was finally decided to place it on the sidewalk. Currently, the center of the square is decorated with a fountain with colored lights and with the name of the city with the intention of welcoming the center of the city.
  • Monument to the Heroes and Martyrs : this monument dedicated to the fallen in the Spanish civil war consists of a block of white stone with a white rock embedded in a bronze image of the map of Spain, in front of it and dying, a soldier with the flag in hand.
  • Embrace Statue (Feliciano Álvarez, 1999): monument to peace and concord formed by two highly schematized human figures embracing each other. They are made of metal and occupy a privileged place in the center of the roundabout located in the Plaza de León.
  • Monument to Peace : a set of great symbolism located in the center of the Plaza de Cervantes, in front of the cathedral. It consists of a metal cannon colonized by doves of the same metal that symbolize the prevalence of peace over war. Water flows from the muzzle of the cannon and ends up in a stone receptacle where it accumulates in a small quantity. Thanks to this accumulated water and being in the middle of a lush park, it is very easy to see the canyon colonized by pigeons and authentic birds, which accentuates its symbolism.
  • Statue of the Castañera : it is a very small bronze statue on a stone base. It is the work of a blind sculptor which does not detract from its precision. It is located between two columns of Calle Mayor . It is curious that its identification plate contains the name of the mayor who ruled the city when the statue was placed, whose name even appears in letters larger than those of the sculptor himself.
  • Statue of the Niña de la Comba (Ursicino Martínez, 2000): it is located at the confluence of Mayor and Patio Castaño streets. It represents a girl jumping rope. It is made of bronze on a stone pedestal.
  • Monument to the First University of Spain : located in the Plaza de San Pablo, it consists of several figures of contemporary cut and metal that represent a classroom in which class is being taught.
  • Sports Monument : this monument is made up of several abstract figures representing athletes. It is located in the vicinity of the Marta Domínguez Municipal Sports Pavilion .
  • Paseo Monument : it is located in the roundabout in front of the Obispo Nicolás Castellanos bridge and at the end of the Paseo de la Julia, this eccentric situation causes it to be not very well known but does not prevent it from having received the nickname of "aliens" for being figures of a couple with their son of great size, very thin limbs and rough skin.
  • Monument to the Athletes of Palencia . Located in a roundabout, on Jardines Street, this monument has three bronze human figures on a stone block that hold a ring symbolizing the sport.
  • Monument to the republicans shot . The monument "Memories to the cube" has a plaque with 497 names, which remembers and pays tribute to almost half a thousand republican militants shot during the Spanish civil war. It has been promoted by the Association for the Historical Memory of Palencia.
  • Monument to Juan Ponce de León in the Plaza Pío XII : work of the sculptor Pablo Serrano , who represents the Palencia Juan Ponce de León, discoverer of Florida and conqueror of Puerto Rico.
  • Monument to Santo Domingo de Guzmán : by Mariano Timón Ambrosio , next to the Dominican Convent of San Pablo .
  • Cantons : the cantons are a series of prismatic "columns" a little over a meter high distributed in pairs along Calle Mayor, placed about fifteen years ago. It is the traditional nerve center of the city called " Los Cuatro Cantones ", formed by the intersection of Don Sancho, La Cestilla and Mayor streets, but the place is not named for the recent placement of such cantons but because it is an intersection in the form perfect square. In the past the place was called Los Cuatro Cantones Mayores, to differentiate them from Los Cuatro Cantones Menores with which it was called the intersection of Mayor, Valentín Calderón and Barrio y Mier streets.
  • Statue to Santiago Amón : located on Avenida de Santiago Amón.
  • Volatería : located in the park "Isla Dos Aguas" [ 18 ]
  • Columns of dreams : it is located in the roundabout of the road, in front of the Nueva Balastera Stadium.

Museums

Culture

Parties

Virgen de la Calle in procession.
Sailing shift prior to the Descent Function.
  • The Baptism of the Child : on January 1, of National Tourist Interest. Singular festival that is celebrated around the church of San Miguel with a procession and a "stone" of candies and candies.
  • San Antón : it is celebrated on January 17 in the vicinity of the church of San Miguel where the animals of the assistants are blessed.
  • Festival of Virgen de la Calle (Las Candelas) : February 2. Patron saint of the city. In the parish of Nuestra Señora de la Calle the image of the Virgin, known as "La Morenilla", is worshiped and is carried in procession to the Cathedral.
  • Easter : March-April, (first spring full moon) is the most important festival in the Palencia calendar, as it has the distinctive International Tourist Interest Festival. Relevant importance have the processions of "La Borriquilla", "Oración del Huerto", "Los Pasos" and "Santo Entierro" whose most outstanding characteristics are their sobriety and simplicity. The most important traditions are the "call of brothers" and the " tararú ". See: Easter in Palencia .
  • Pilgrimage of Santo Toribio : the Sunday closest to April 16, Festival of Regional Tourist Interest. A "stone" of bread and cheese is celebrated at the foot of the Cristo del Otero. (See Cristo del Otero )
  • Caracolada de San Marcos : celebrated on April 25 on the island of Sotillo de los Canónigos .
  • Girl Fair : days around Pentecost . Popular festival in Palencia called "girl" because it is the second in importance when compared to the San Antolín fairs.
  • Corpus Christi procession and mass : Sunday closest to Corpus Christi Thursday. The procession and mass are organized by the Brotherhood of the Penitential of the Holy Sepulcher and the Cathedral Chapter. The Santísimo procession in the Triumphant Chariot , of singular beauty.
  • San Juan's Day (colloquially "San Juanillo"): June 24. Copatron of Palencia, there is a procession in which the Saint John of the brotherhood of the Holy Sepulcher parades . From its headquarters it reaches the Plaza Mayor, where the traditional thyme distribution is carried out. The procession reaches the San Juanillo neighborhood where the relic is venerated and a prayer is heard; at night the Bonfire of San Juan takes place .
  • Festivities of San Antolín : patron saint of Palencia, September 2. The processions, parades, bullfights, proclamations and parades of peñas follow one another. It is the main festival of Palencia. ( See Crypt of San Antolín )
  • Procession in honor of Saint Francis : after mass, the Brotherhood of Saint Francis holds a small parade with the image of the Saint.

Cultural itineraries

  • Footprints of Santa Teresa . Route of pilgrimage , tourism, cultural and heritage that brings together the 17 cities where Santa Teresa de Jesus left his "footprint" in the form of foundations. [ 19 ] The route does not have an established order or a limited time since each pilgrim or visitor can do it how and in the time they want.

Gastronomy

The cuisine of Palencia is very traditional and homely, roast suckling lamb is the most typical dish and from the fertile lands that surround the capital, multiple horticultural ingredients are obtained that complete the diet.

Palencia cuisine is based on hot dishes, due to the prevailing cold climate. The clearest examples are their garlic soups , or the classic Castilian soup , made with loaf bread , water, oil, garlic and paprika, sometimes serrano ham tacos and poached eggs are added . Bread is the basis of Palencia gastronomy, an example of the importance it reaches is the Nogales bread, with a school dedicated to it, in which they make beautiful bread, lechuguino, muffins, pork rinds cakes and others. many kinds of breads, made with high quality Tierra de Campos flour.

  • meats

Palencia, like the rest of Castile , can affirm that meats nourish its people. The partridge ( pickled ), and also the quail, in these lands are considered of excellent quality, the suckling lamb is the meat par excellence of Palencia and has a designation of origin. During the slaughter season, the blood sausages of Palencia can be tasted , the same blood that later becomes an essential ingredient of the black soup . The cold cuts are also of good quality.

  • Fish

The crabs that are fished in the rivers of Palencia are the crustaceans par excellence. Trout ( pickled trout ) are also obtained from the rivers .

  • Vegetables and greens

As for its horticultural wealth, the potatoes are excellent, but especially the Palencia stew or the ratatouille and the peas from Palencia .

  • Desserts

The casserole of San Antolin stands out ; Native fruit jellies, such as blueberries, or cheese (especially sheep's cheese) and other more elaborate pastry products are also highly recommended.

  • Beverages

A typical local meal must be washed down with wine . Also the classic sloe liqueur, walnut liqueur, blackberry, cherry ...

Song

In the capital of Palencia, several musical events are held each year such as:

  • Get hooked on music : Festival organized by the ( 40 Principales ) and Cadena Ser, and with the sponsorship of the City Council of Palencia and the Junta de Castilla y León, on the end of classes before the Christmas holidays. It is an initiative that tries to avoid the sedentary life of young people, as well as the consumption of alcohol and other drugs. In its 13 editions it has featured national artists such as Álex Ubago , David DeMaría , Ragdog and Los Caños among others. It takes place at the Marta Domínguez Municipal Pavilion and is free to attend.
  • Festival "Now" : It is a contest, organized by the Junta de Castilla y León together with the Cultural Association for the Promotion of Creative Music and the City Council of Palencia. Initially it was held in the Carabel room, but in the last edition the situation was changed to the Principal Theater.
  • Festival "Música Futura" : It takes place in the Municipal Pavilion and has regional groups that seek opportunities on the national scene.
  • Independent Festival of Palencia : Festival that features alternative music bands from the country such as Sidonie or Second .
  • Palencia Sonora : Rock Festival that usually coincides with the Feria Chica in which groups such as Sidonie , Standstill , Standar, Cooper , Macaco , Sugarless, Vetusta Morla and the Palencians La Familia Iskariote have participated, among others.
  • Jazz and Folk Festival : It coincides with the Feria Chica and so far there have been three editions.
  • International Guitar Festival : The Festival, which is a reference meeting for lovers of string sounds, was born in 2002 thanks to an initiative of the natural guitarist from Lleida and based in Palencia Carles Pons. This festival is another of the great protagonists of the autumnal program of the Teatro Principal, organized by the Calandria Musical Association, and under the tutelage of its artistic director, the Catalan musician Carles Pons.

Events & Events

The cultural events held in this city:

The sporting events held in this city:

sports

  • Soccer : The main team in the capital was the Palencia Soccer Club until 2012, which disappeared due to banking problems. Currently the representative of the city is the Club Deportivo Cristo Atlético , which is in group 8 of the third division. CD Palencia Balompié was another soccer team founded in 2011 but that disappeared eight years later. It also has a team in the First Youth Division in Group 3: the International Friendship Club.
  • Basketball : In basketball, the main team is Palencia Baloncesto, which in the 2013-2014 season plays in the LEB Gold category . In April 2016 he managed to win the LEB Oro championship, which leads to the sporting promotion to the ACB league.
  • Canoeing : The Club Palentino de Canoeing belonging to the city of Palencia, has numerous athletes with great results worldwide.
  • Handball : CD Balopal is the representative team of the city, and until the 2008-2009 season it was active in the Second National Handball Division. At present it disputes the provincial league of Valladolid. In women's handball, Palencia has the CB Palencia Femenino that plays in the First National Women's Division.
  • Horseball : Águilas Palencia plays in the NOHB Elite League, being champion of Spain in the 2009-10 season. The city of Palencia has two other teams, the Búfalos Horseball Palencia and the Coyotes Horseball Palencia.
  • Volleyball : Castilla y León Palencia 2014 plays in the men's Super League-2.
  • Paddle : Ballesteros and Tamayo form a doubles team with several sports trophies.
  • Futsal : CD Sani 2000 plays in the National League B in Group 9.

Sports facilities

The Nueva Balastera Stadium , one of the most modern sports venues in the city.

With capacity for 8600 spectators.

The Marta Domínguez Sports Pavilion is the most important indoor sports facility in the province.
  • New Municipal Stadium La Balastera : La Nueva Balastera is a modern stadium that has become a symbol of the prosperity of the city. It was inaugurated in 2006 and, in addition to having good facilities, it has an excellent architectural quality.
  • Marta Domínguez Sports Pavilion : with capacity for 3000 people and renamed in honor of the controversial athlete from Palencia Marta Domínguez .
  • Campo de la Juventud : sports complex located on Avenida Cardenal Cisneros. It is one of the most important and oldest in the capital of Palencia. Its main facilities are a pavilion, a covered sports hall and some outbuildings. It also has gyms (rhythmic, bodybuilding ...), squash courts, athletics, a soccer field and a swimming pool.
  • Sports complex "Eras de Santa Marina" : it is located between San Antonio and Obispo Barberá streets. Its main facility is the "Marta Domínguez" Municipal Pavilion, but in addition to this it consists of heated swimming pools, tennis courts, the municipal fronton and facilities for canoeing.
  • "El Sotillo" sports complex : located in the Sotillo park, its main attraction is the swimming pools, but its soccer field, gymnasium circuits and playgrounds are also important.
  • Sports complex "Monte El Viejo" : it is divided into "Big House", "Little House" and "El Refugio". Its facilities are swimming pools, tennis courts and sports courts. How many gymnastics circuits with stations in the forest, one for athletes or people in good shape and another with simpler exercises.
  • Sports complex "Pan y Guindas" : located on Avenida de la Comunidad Europea. Its most important facilities are a velodrome, an archery field and some football fields.
  • Sports complex "La Ensenada" : it is located on Avenida Cataluña in the neighborhood of Pan y Guindas. The short fronton, the gyms and its sports and tennis courts stand out.
  • "Campos Gótico" sports complex : it is located in the San Juanillo neighborhood, its main facilities are the heated swimming pools, the soccer fields and the sports hall.
  • Sports complex "San Telmo" : it has a soccer field, tennis courts and sports centers, swimming pools and a long free fronton.
  • "Isla Dos Aguas" sports complex : it is one of the most modern and complete in Palencia. In this is the Municipal Golf Course its most important and extensive facility. It is divided into two areas and also has soccer fields, tennis courts, sports courts, skating rink, running circuits, beach volleyball court, grass volleyball court, a rugby field, cafeterias, etc.
  • Sports complex "Pabellón Sur" : composed of a sports hall and a sports court that allow multiple activities to be carried out.
  • Municipal Pavilion of La Lanera : its most important facilities are the heated swimming pool, the weight training and cardiovascular rooms, multipurpose rooms, bicycle room, indoor sports court, Spa area (jacuzzis, saunas, steam baths, circular shower, bithermic shower , contrast shower), paddle tennis courts, solarium, etc.
  • Ribera Sur Sports Park : it is a park with simple facilities for exercising, it was inaugurated in 2008 and has a free wi-fi zone.
  • Friendship Club facilities .
  • The climbing wall or risk prevention center of Palencia . Unique installation in Spain and Europe. The result is pathways that run between natural cracks, dihedrals and huge collapses. It has climbing walls, ravines, land and underwater caves, rapids, waterfalls, green areas and the necessary facilities to carry out official courses.
  • Mariano Haro sports center mainly dedicated to handball although paddle tennis can be practiced on the outdoor courts.

Sister cities

Prominent people

References

  1. ^ ABC (March 19, 2014): " Purple is not the color of Castile "
  2. Toponymy of the mount 'el Viejo' de Palencia - Roberto F. Gordaliza
  3. AEMET: Iberian Climate Atlas
  4. "Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León - Download Center" .
  5. [1]
  6. ^ Calleja González, María Valentina (1997). "Panorama of the city of Palencia in the first third of the 20th century" . Publications of the Tello Téllez de Meneses Institution (68): 463-592. ISSN 0210-7317 .
  7. "The stories that the 'grave of the mayors' houses" , Public , August 17, 2011, consulted on August 26 of the same year.
  8. "The search for the remains of more than 250 executed in a park in Palencia begins" , Public , August 16, 2011, consulted on August 26 of the same year.
  9. ^ "A grave with 250 reprisals under the swings of Palencia" , El País , August 16, 2011, consulted on August 26 of the same year.
  10. [2]
  11. ^ Northern Castile (June 9, 2012): «What could have been, and was not»
  12. ^ El País (September 29, 2015): «The AVE arrives in Palencia and León after an investment of 1620 million»
  13. «Agreement 18/2018, of March 22, of the Junta de Castilla y León, by which the City of Palencia is declared, Asset of Cultural Interest with category of historical complex» . Official Gazette of Castilla y León (60): 12205-12217. March 26, 2018. ISSN 1989-8959 .
  14. Municipality: 34120 Palencia . Alterations of the municipalities in the Population Censuses since 1842, INEbase. When the population data is available in fact and in law, the highest figure has been taken. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
  15. El País: «Municipal Elections 2019»
  16. «City council of Palencia» . www.aytopalencia.es . Retrieved March 17, 2017 .
  17. «The Princess of Asturias presents Palencia with the Sustainable City Award. nortecastilla.es » . www.elnortedecastilla.es . Retrieved March 17, 2017 .
  18. «A sculpture by Ana Arranz will be placed in the Isla Dos Aguas park. nortecastilla.es » . Archived from the original on June 14, 2009 . Accessed 2009 .
  19. Town hall of Alba de Tormes, ed. (2014). «The 17 traces of Teresa de Jesús, united by a common path - Presentation Traces of Teresa» . Alba de Tormes 2014. Santa Teresa de Jesús: V centenary of the birth . pp. 71-75. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015 . Retrieved March 15, 2015 .

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