Discographic producer - Productor discográfico
In the music industry, a record producer performs different roles, such as controlling recording sessions, assisting music newbies, instructing and guiding musical performers in the recording process, critiquing project ideas, directing creativity, supervising the recording , the mixing , and make the process of mastering . These have been some of the main functions of producers since the creation of sound recording, but in the second half of the 20th century, producers have taken on a greater entrepreneurial role . [ 1 ]
In the music industry there are two kinds of producers: the executive producer and the music producer. They have different roles; While the executive producer is the financial manager of the project, the music producer is responsible for the music for the public. [ 2 ]
In the first half of the 20th century, the role of the record producer was comparable to that of a film producer , as the record producer organized and supervised recording sessions, paid technicians, musicians, and arrangers, and sometimes chose material for the recording. artist.
In the fifties this role was played by A&R directors (artist and repertoire). Among the most prominent was the musician and songwriter Mitch Miller at Columbia Records . Until the 1960s, several A&R producers and directors were hired by the major record labels, and several recordings were made in studios controlled and operated by them, such as the famous Abbey Road studios in London , controlled by EMI .
In the second half of the 1960s, a new category emerged: that of independent producers. Early independent producers include Leiber & Stoller , Phil Spector , creator of the wall of sound , and Joe Meek , British studio pioneer.
This change was facilitated by the introduction of high-fidelity magnetic tape recording technology, which significantly altered the processes and economics of music recording. Magnetic tape enabled the establishment of independent recording studios in large recording centers such as Los Angeles , London, and New York . Unlike the old studios, which were akin to a "closed shop," these new studios could be used by any artist not associated with the major record companies.
The largest studios were typically established and operated by top recording engineers. These were carefully constructed to create optimal recording conditions, and were equipped with the latest in recording equipment and high-quality microphones, as well as electronic amplifiers and musical instruments.
Major studios such as Olympic studios in London or United Western Recorders in Los Angeles quickly became the most sought-after recording venues in the world. These "hit factories" would produce several of the most successful pop recordings of the rest of the century.
With today's easy access to technology, it is very easy for a producer to achieve high quality tracks without the use of any instruments; this is very usual in rap . In many cases, the person doing the production is also an arranger, composer, or performer. The music producer can give a new approach to a project or give new ideas. He is also in charge of the creative part of the mix, advising the person in charge of sound engineering on what the desired musical concept of the project is.
- «Particularities and future projections of the music industry in the 21st century Archived 14 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine . (doctoral thesis). Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- «Executive producers, key figures for the success of musicals» . todomusicales.com . Retrieved March 9, 2016 .
- Gibson, David and Maestro Curtis. "The Art of Producing". 1st. Ed. USA. ArtistPro Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-931140-44-8
- Burgess, Richard James. The Art of Music Production. 3rd Ed. UK. Music Sales, 2005. ISBN 1-84449-431-4
- Hewitt, Michael. Music Theory for Computer Musicians. 1st Ed. USA. Cengage Learning, 2008. ISBN 1598635034
- Gronow, Pekka and Ilpo Saunio (1998). An International History of the Recording Industry. Cited in Moorefield (2005).
- Moorefield, Virgil (2005). The Producer as Composer: Shaping the Sounds of Popular Music.
- Olsen, Eric et al. (1999). The Encyclopedia of Record Producers. ISBN 978-0-8230-7607-9
- Zak, Albin. The Poetics of Rock: Cutting Tracks, Making Records. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
- What does a Music Producer do? Music industry.