Santiago Maurice ( Buenos Aires , April 14, 1816 - Rosario , Argentina , October 1859 ) was an Argentine sailor and military man of French origin, who participated in the Argentine civil wars between 1836 and the date of his death, in 1859 .
Son of Santiago Maurice, a French immigrant who arrived in the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata approximately at the beginning of the 19th century, and of the Creole Bernarda Joaquina Pudisa whose parents were originally from France. He was born in Buenos Aires on April 14, 1816 and was baptized in the Nuestra Señora de la Merced church the following day with the name of Tiburcio Santiago Maurice.
He enlisted in the navy of the province of Buenos Aires in 1836 . Two years later he was assigned to the garrison of the island Martín García , and participated in the heroic and useless defense against the French fleet. Back in Buenos Aires, he was assigned together with his boss, Colonel Juan Bautista Thorne , to the army of Entre Ríos . He participated in the battle of Yeruá under the orders of the delegate governor Vicente Zapata , and was seriously wounded.
He returned to the war squad under the command of General Guillermo Brown , when it was reorganized in 1841 , as head of a schooner. He fought in the naval combat of Costa Brava against José Garibaldi . Later he joined the blockade of Montevideo and was arrested by the British squad in 1844 . After recovering his freedom, he was assigned to the land defense of the coast of the Paraná River ; participated in the battles of Vuelta de Obligado and Quebracho .
In 1849 , when Martín García Island was returned to the Buenos Aires government, its commander was appointed. In 1851 he was commander of the river squadron with which Juan Manuel de Rosas tried to face the invasion of the Great Army of Justo José de Urquiza , but - by order of Rosas - he did not face the War Squad of the Empire of Brazil , whose guns were far superior to Maurice's forces.
He went to the service of the Argentine Confederation squad in its confrontation with the State of Buenos Aires , and fought in the combat of Martín García under the command of John Halstead Coe . The fleet established the blockade of the city, but within a few weeks Coe himself sold himself to the porteños for an enormous amount of money and gave up almost the entire fleet. Maurice was one of the few captains who did not agree to be bribed. He remained in service for several years on ships associated with the port of Rosario .
When hostilities broke out between the Confederation and Buenos Aires in 1859 , he was in charge of defending the port of Rosario. The Buenos Aires fleet managed to break the siege of Martín García and advanced until it was located almost in front of the city. But before the two fleets collided, the crew of the Buenos Aires ships mutinied, arresting Captain José Murature and killing his son, and then handed over the ships and the prisoners to Maurice ( Rise of the Pinto ). The rebellion should have shown the reigning indiscipline in both Argentine fleets, but no adequate measures were taken: a few days before the battle of Cepeda , the sailors of Maurice's ship - the steam Congress- They mutinied and tried to go over to the Buenos Aires side. Although they were defeated, the mutiny caused the death of Captain Maurice.
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