Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163 - Schleswig-Holsteinisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 163
Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163
|active||1897 to 1919|
|State|| Prussia |
Province of Schleswig-Holstein
|Armed forces||Prussian Army|
|Branch of service||Infantry|
3,629 (catering strength) |
3,071 (combat strength)
The Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment. 163 was an infantry joined the Prussian army . During the First World War it fought on the Western Front and passed its baptism of fire at the Battle of Noyon.
On January 27, 1902, Wilhelm II issued the army order that the associations, which had previously been run without a rural team name, were given an extension of their name in order to better differentiate and develop tradition. From this point on, the regiment was known as Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163.
The garrison town of Neumünster gave the regiment a bell tree for this reason .
Eve of the First World War
- IX. Army Corps in Altona
- 17. Division in Schwerin
- 81st Infantry Brigade in Lübeck
- Infantry Regiment "Lübeck" (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 in Lübeck
- Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163
- 81st Infantry Brigade in Lübeck
- 17. Division in Schwerin
First World War
The regiment was subordinate to the 81st Infantry Brigade of the 17th Reserve Division throughout the war . She belonged to the IX. Reserve Corps (Northern Army) of the 1st Army . At the end of September 1915 the corps changed from the 1st to the 2nd Army ( Rupprecht von Bayern ) and in July 1916 it was again subordinated to the 1st under General Fritz von Below , who at that time belonged to the "Gallwitz" army group .
- October 1913 was the regiment as part of the First Battalion of the MG - Company
with the mobilization a cycling department was created
- a lieutenant
- forty men
- from 1916 each battalion received an observation officer. From then on, the maps used were divided into grid squares.
- August 3, 1916 MG Sniper Squad 150 is assigned. He was released in November.
August 26, 1916 - The construction company is formed
- a deputy sergeant
- six NCOs
- fifty men
An MW company was formed to operate the new armament assigned on September 15, 1916
- a lieutenant
- twelve grenade launchers
- From October 28, 1916, an MG company was formed in each battalion
- On the orders of the General Command , a training company for training in trench warfare was formed at the regiment on November 10, 1916 . It taught in Morslede 
on January 29, 1917 the regimental MWK was dissolved.
- a new one was set up in each battalion
- the grenade launchers joined the MWKs
- In each company twelve men were trained in light mine throwers (MW) in order to compensate for possible crew losses in the MW companies
on March 2, 1917, a news company (news center department = NMA) was formed in each regiment
- a lieutenant
- all telephones
- all traffic lights
- On October 1, 1913, the regiment joined a company to form the III. Battalion of the infantry regiment "Lübeck" (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162.
- May 15, 1915 - 13th and 14th companies are transferred as 11th and 12th companies to the newly formed Infantry Regiment No. 187. 
- 25. August 1916
- September 5, 1916 - Transfer of a company to a new replacement infantry regiment X, from which Infantry Regiment No. 394 was formed on September 12, 1916 
Armament and equipment
- The regiment was armed with the Gewehr 88 and the Seitengewehr 71
- From February 1915, the soldiers of the regiment were with grenades equipped
- August 1915 mine thrower
- August 1915 Gas
- on August 5, 1916, steel helmets were promoted to the front line for the first time
- on September 15, 1916, twelve grenade launchers were assigned to the regiment
As part of the Prussian Army, it wore the appropriate infantry uniform. In addition to the black, white and red imperial cockade, the black and white state cockade was worn on the helmet and cap. The white epaulettes had the red number "163", the flaps were red with yellow piping .  The buttons, the shoulder straps fastened and their number was that of the Company of the carrier, articles of Tombak . 
On October 16, 1897, the Emperor awarded the battalions their flag. When they were nailed, he drove in the first nail. Their consecration took place the following day in front of the monument to Frederick the Great .
The appearance of the flags of the line infantry regiments of the Prussian Army was regulated according to the corps to which the regiment belonged . 
The silk flags showed a black cross on a white background, in the middle of which the Frederickian eagle soared. The emperor's name was embroidered in gold in the four corners. The flags stood at the altar of the garrison church , the Vicelinkirche in Neumünster, for the service.
In January 1913 the III. Battalion Colonel Trützschler von Falkenstein raised his flag according to AKO from January 1st.
The meaning of a flag, which is incomprehensible today, is described using an incident in the history of the regiment at the beginning of the war. It so happened that when the 1st Battalion retreated north of L'Ecouvillon, its flag was in danger . Six men, it is described, hurried back and brought the flag back to the battalion. Here three of them fell.
On January 27, 1915 the Emperor's birthday, the regimental flags were east of the rest of the companies on the occasion of that occasion Orvals before the regimental commander held Parade unfolded last time. After the end of the war, the flags were transferred to the armory in Berlin .
By law of August 3, 1893 , regarding the peace-keeping strength of the German army , these were expanded by two companies. They surrendered this IV. Half Battalion, by version of the law of June 28, 1896. 33 new regiments were formed into two battalions. The Highest Cabinet Order (AKO) of August 29, 1899 established March 31, 1897 as the foundation day.
With the addition of the law of the strength of peace presence of the year 1911 of June 14, 1912, the number of battalions rose from 634 to 651, the regiment received its III. Battalion. Heide was chosen as its garrison town . The battalion was created by relinquishing infantry regiments No. 75 , 84, 85 and 86. Major Alexander Kutscha became the battalion leader .
The division of Field Artillery Regiment No. 9 previously garrisoned in Neumünster was moved to Itzehoe . The 6th and 8th companies of the regiment moved into their barracks. The rest had to be content with mass quarters in the city until the barracks erected by the city were ready for occupancy.
The shooting ranges were in Krogaspe , and the drill initially took place on the Ehndorfer parade ground. When this turned out to be insufficient for the requirements over time, a plot of land on the Boostedter -Chaussee was purchased. The new square was named “Borneplatz” in memory of Colonel Kurt von dem Borne.
Since in October 1912, when the regiment was III. Battalion, in whose new garrison town the barracks was not yet ready for occupancy, it had to share the barracks of the Lockstedt camp with the local foot artillery regiment No. 20 . The move into the new barracks was planned for October 1, 1914. At that time, however, the regiment was already in front of Dreslincourt .
Already in 1898, the regiment took over as foreign corps regiment on Kaisermanöver what in Hanover and Westphalia between the Army Corps VII. And X. took place, in part. It was the only military unit of the IX. AK.
The target practice took place in Krogaspe , the drill was practiced on the Ehndorfer parade ground . However, the space soon no longer met the requirements placed on it . A space that meets these requirements was purchased on Boostedter Chaussee.
This was initially home to the additional battalion established in 1912 .
From October 1, 1913, the MG company with six drawn rifles was a regular part of the regiment.
First World War
With its sister regiment it formed the 81st Infantry Brigade . This became part of the 17th Reserve Division at the beginning of the First World War , which was assigned to the IX. Reserve Corps (Northern Army) was affiliated.
After the mobilization, the regiment was first used at the border guard in northern Schleswig. From here it was transferred to Belgium. In Leuven there made his first, at the time ratified by them as combat experience, experience with the local events . After the invasion of France it fought at the battle of Noyon and the Oise . The move to the positional battle at Laucourt and Cannectancourt .
After the battle of Soissons , trench warfare follows again at Cannectancourt and Laucourt . From March 1915 the regiment was enlarged by a half battalion (13th and 14th companies) by order. Following the battle of Moulin-sous-Touvent , they returned to Laucourt before the regiment was transferred to the Artois for trench warfare .
Coming from Artois, the regiment took part in the storming of the Gießeler Höhe on the same day that the battle for Verdun began . The painter Hans, known from Worpswede, fought in the end in the sister regiment . He recorded this event in a painting for his 162s, for the 163s and their later regiment chief Max von Boehn, on his 50th anniversary of service.
After a break in Douai , the regiment was engaged in trench warfare and the storming of the Vimy Heights, Operation "Schleswig-Holstein" (May 21, 1916), before it had another break to the northeast of Douais. This was followed by two missions, interrupted by a break in the 6th Army's staging area and the Battle of Hulluch , in the Battle of the Somme .
In the operations on the Somme, the regiment lost: 71 officers and 2,177 NCOs and men.
From there it went to the trench warfare at Verlorenhoek, which lasted for the regiment into January of the following year.
After a rest east of Bruges it went back to the trench warfare at Verlorenhoek. The regiment fought in the spring battle at Arras near Monchy . Although they were already used by the English on the Somme, this is where the regiment first encountered the tanks . During the three-day mission, the regiment lost 22 officers and 874 NCOs and men.
Afterwards the regiment rested in the area of the 2nd Army . The resting quarters were around Solesmes in the so-called canal group . This group was under the command of the commanding general of VI. Reserve Corps - the former regimental commander Kurt von dem Borne. In the following it was used between Lens St. Pieres and the coal heap of Loos , as well as the trench warfare in section "P".
During the rest period south of Douais, the regimental commander was awarded the medal Pour le Mérite by AKO on May 20 , which he received two days later at the parade in Fénain from Wilhelm II . [8th]
Back at the front, it fought trench warfare in the Vert forest. There the leader of the Arras group, Lieutenant General Otto von Moser , visited the rest battalion in Bellonne on July 7th . The infantry regiment "Kaiser Friedrich, König von Preußen" (7th Württembergisches) No. 125 before Monchy was replaced, fought in section "D" ( Siegfriedstellung near St. Quentin ) and "F" (around Chérisy ).
Two weeks later the regiment was transferred to Polderhoek Castle in the Flemish region of Vlaams Gewest .
After the recovery at the turn of the year in Kortrijk , the association was sent to the trench warfare at Houthem and Zandvoort and acted as the wing regiment of the 4th Army . On the right lay the Lübeckers (162), on the left the 6th Army joined them. The practice took place in Meenen in order to escape the eyes of the enemy higher up . On March 7, 1918, General of the Infantry Erich Ludendorff attended such an exercise .
The reserve division was moved to the right side of the Kemmel . There it took part in the Battle of Kemmel as part of the Fourth Ypres Battle . They conquered Meesen and Wytschate (also called Wijschate). During the eleven-day mission, the regiment lost 45 officers and 643 NCOs and men.
On May 30, at the exercise area of the court train in the resting quarters, the head of the military cabinet , Freiherr Marschall , received the message of the award that the Kaiser had given the Colonel General of the 7th Army and winner of the Aisne, Max von Boehn, as recognition of the victory Had appointed chief of the regiment.
After the end of the rest period, the regiment was moved to the area of the 7th Army, Army Group "German Crown Prince" . Here your boss wanted to greet you on the afternoon of June 5th in Fressancourt . In the morning, however, it was immediately ordered to go to Picardy , where it had spent the first two years, to march to the 18th Army ( Oskar von Hutier ). Here you were between Lataule and Cuvilly .
From here, the severely decimated regiment marched through places that it knew well from the years up to 1916 to convalescents in Bohain . There, on Sedan Day , the regiment , together with the other deputations of the 17th Reserve Division who paraded past him , was finally supposed to meet their boss. It should stay the only time.
After it had been filled with parts of the disbanded Infantry Regiment No. 265, it was moved to the Verdun section between the places Duzey and Nouillon and placed under Army Division C as Army Group Reserve (HGrR).
From here the regiment was transferred to Meulebeeke ( Houthoulst group ) in Flanders, but again only as HGrR. Shortly afterwards it went back to Army Group Boehn to Landrecies east of Le Câteau . From there it had to retreat to the Hermann II position - one battalion to Pommereuil, the others to Fontaine-au-Bois .
With their replacement, the regiment's combat activities end on October 24, 1918.
The regimental losses in World War I were distributed as follows:
|Σ Rgt. Losses||364||235||916||635||543||2693|
At the same time as the mobilization, a replacement battalion of the regiment was set up in Lübeck on August 2, 1914. Its 3rd and 4th companies transferred to Brigade Replacement Battalion 81 on August 11 . The 4th Battalion of Infantry Regiment No. 362 was formed from there.  It was also the replacement unit for Infantry Regiment No. 394 formed by AOK6 in 1916. 
On November 3, 1918, the chief of the naval station of the Baltic Sea and the Kiel governorate , Admiral Souchon , did not turn to the chief military commander in his home area in order to master the Kiel sailors' uprising , but to the deputy general command of the adjoining corps area in Altona.
Their commanding general thereupon instructed the troop leader of the deputy brigade command closest to the Kiel fortress area, Harry von Wright , to collect all available infantry forces from the reserve battalion subordinate to him under a single command and to transport them to Kiel that same night. The General Command had trains ready for their transports in Lübeck and Neumünster . Wright alerted the reserve battalions of the 162 and the local recruiting office of the Schleswig Reserve Regiment of the 84 in Lübeck, as well as the 163 in Neumünster. However, as it was said during the night that the unrest in Kiel had already been suppressed, the measures introduced were reversed before midnight.
The unrest there resumed the next morning. At 10 o'clock, Souchon asked the chief of the Deputy General Staff of the Corps for help from Rendsburg ( 85 ) and Lübeck. Wright was then appointed by telephone from Altona at 11 a.m. to command all the replacement battalions to be deployed towards Kiel.
According to Wright's plan, all intervention troops arriving from the corps area were to be gathered south of Kiel and then marched into Kiel with united forces.   The plan was based on his "experiences of war history" and on the general staff study from 1908 on the "fight in insurgent cities", which was distributed to the brigade staff.
Since, however, from Souchon's point of view, it was out of the question that a troop commander of the land army would lead the command in the area of the naval war port of Kiel, he categorically rejected Wright and his plan. He got in touch with the military commander in Altona and managed to come to an understanding with him, largely asserting his personal reputation and immediate position . At noon Wright was informed by telephone from the General Command in Lübeck that he had been released from his command and that the reaction forces were under Souchon's direct command. This wanted with the help of the last formations still loyal to him and the army troops brought to them within the fortress area Create remedies.
Contrary to the forceful counter-ideas of the army commander, who was rejected by him, the station command allowed all special trains manned by intervention troops to enter the main station of the city ruled by rioters . The revolutionary crowd took the incoming transports by surprise.
According to the Compiègne armistice , Alsace-Lorraine was to be evacuated within 15 days of the conclusion of the agreement. The 17th Reserve Division was given the task of ensuring the security service around Strasbourg during that time . The regiment secured Landau first , then Mittersheim , before reaching Strasbourg on November 12, 1918 via Pfalzburg and Zabern . Here it moved into the Margarethen barracks, which until recently was the seat of the infantry regiment “Grand Duke Friedrich von Baden” (8th Württembergisches) No. 126 .
Their regimental history notes an intervention to maintain "peace and order" when an attempt was made on November 18 to plunder the clothing offices of the Manteuffel barracks, until the end of the war, 3rd Lower Alsatian Infantry Regiment No. 138 .
On the night of November 21st, the posts were replaced by the new rulers and left France across the Rhine in the direction of Kehl . The regiment arrived in Neumünster on November 22, 1918 and was demobilized via the local settlement office . On November 27, 1918, a regimental roll call was held in the barracks courtyard , followed by a parade in front of Mayor Max Röer . After its termination, the Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163 ceased to exist.
The Volunteer Infantry Regiment 163 was formed from demobilized parts with an MG company. This went up in June 1919 in the 1st Battalion of the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 18. The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 6th Company of the 6th Infantry Regiment in Eutin by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt . Among other things, she kept Lieutenant Haering's sword.
|Oberst||Eugen von Doemming||April 1, 1897 to June 15, 1900|
|Oberst||Fedor Gynz from Rekowski||June 16, 1900 to April 23, 1904|
|Oberst||Emil Heyn||April 24, 1904 to April 21, 1905|
|Oberst||Arthur Stern and Walther von Monbary||April 22, 1905 to October 17, 1907|
|Oberst||Kurt of the Born||October 18, 1907 to March 19, 1911|
|Oberst||Otto Trützschler von Falkenstein||March 20, 1911 to March 21, 1913|
|Oberst||Wilhelm von Rosen||March 22 to August 17, 1913|
|Oberst||Georg von Rode||August 18, 1913 to August 1, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Hermann Jahn||August 2 to September 16, 1914|
|Lieutenant colonel||Alexander Kutscha||September 20, 1914 to April 24, 1915|
|Lieutenant colonel||Georg Sick||April 25 to September 23, 1915|
|Major||Holger Ritter||September 24 to December 27, 1915 (entrusted with the tour)|
|Lieutenant colonel||Georg Sick||December 28, 1915 to July 23, 1918|
|Lieutenant colonel||Bogislav from Bagenski||July 25, 1918|
- Major Holger Ritter , leader of the III. Battalion, was subordinated to Battalion II / 163, I / 162 (led by Otto Dziobek ) and the 1st Battalion of Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 76 during the second deployment on the Somme on October 6, 1916 . The temporarily independent regiment traded as the "Knight" regiment. On March 16, 1917, Major Ritter took over the command of Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 76 for the commanding officer who had been sent to the gas school for a course .
- Oberleutnant Haering died in 1904 as the first member of the regiment in the protection force for South West Africa during the Herero uprising
- Karl von Rettberg was the commander of the III. Battalions . He was injured in the lions incident . Having returned to the regiment well, he was appointed commander of the “Lübeck” infantry regiment (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 after the Battle of Noyon. 
Federation of Associations formerly 163er
- Traditional association of the former Schleswig-Holstein IR 163 (Neumünster)
- Association of former 163ers (Lübeck)
It is not known whether the monuments have been preserved and, if so, where.
- Memorial stone for Oberleutnant Haering (X 1904) in the garden of the officers' mess
- Memorial for the fallen soldiers of the regiment in Neumünster
- The memorial of the Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163, Neumünster (April 1st, 1897-1919) Infantry Barracks, Goebenstrasse (from April 1st, 1938 "Sick barracks"), Neumünster, is now in the Rantzau barracks, from -dem-Borne-Strasse 14, D-24598 Boostedt 
- The memorial has been in the Preusser barracks, Flensburger Strasse 61–65, Eckernförde / Schleswig-Holstein, since June 9, 2015. Relocated due to the abandonment of the Rantzau barracks, D-24598 Boostedt, by the Bundeswehr. 
- Memorial / Memorial: Inauguration on May 21, 1922 in Neumünster / Holstein (erected by the pond, opposite the Courier House, now demolished and built for the "Holsten-Galerie" shopping center, Neumünster).
On August 15, 1988 the city of Neumünster-Der Magistrat - signed by the magistrate director Rolf Kruse wrote that the ownership of the monument is unclear (has not found any documents). This description is incomprehensible because the following original documents are available, which prove the property of the city of Neumünster, among others:
- Original commemorative publication: "Ehrenmalweihe in Neumünster on May 20 and 21, 1922", page 14, under the celebratory order: Numbers 2) and 3) = handover and takeover by the city (Neumünster city archive, own collection by Rolf Postel),
- Holsteinischer Courier , Neumünster, Sunday, May 21, 1922, "Special issue of the Holsteinischer Courier for the consecration of the memorial (May 21)", a printed speech by Mayor Detlef Schmidt , City of Neumünster,
- Speech to take over the memorial; Holsteinischer Courier, Neumünster, Monday, May 22nd, 1922, No. 118 in the 51st year, article: "The memorable day of the 163" (Neumünster town archive, Rolf Postel's own collection).
- The evidence that the city of Neumünster owns this monument / memorial is so overwhelming that the memorial has to be re-erected at its original location in Neumünster / Holstein. My efforts, also in writing, to the Lord Mayor of Neumünster, Dr. Olaf Tauras ; Mayor Schättiger, have so far been unsuccessful. Rolf Postel, D-24537 Neumünster, January 21, 2017.
- Memorial stone to Lieutenant Heinrich Haering, 1897 to 1904 Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163, Neumünster. Killed in 1905 near Kowes, formerly German Southwest Africa. The memorial stone has been on the outside wall of the Anschar Church in Neumünster since 1929. 
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 253.
- Otto Dziobek : History of the Infantry Regiment Lübeck (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162. First edition. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg i. D. 1922. Officers' Association, formerly 162
- Hugo Gropp: Hanseatic people in battle. Klindworth & Neuenhaus, Hamburg 1932. Association of former members Reserve 76 e. V.
- Holger Ritter: History of the Schleswig-Holstein Infantry Regiment No. 163. Volume 184 of the Prussian. Part of the souvenir sheets, Leuchtfeuer Verlag, Hamburg 1926, digitized version of the Württemberg State Library
- Harboe Kardel : The Reserve Field Artillery Regiment No. 17. Volume 30 of memorial sheets of German regiments. Formerly Pruss. Troop units, with 4 cards, first edition. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg i. D. 1922.
- Reichsarchiv: Volume 20: Battles of the World War "Somme Nord Part I"
- Reichsarchiv: Volume 21: Battles of the World War "Somme North Part II"
- Reichsarchiv: Volume 27: Battles of the World War "Flanders 1917"
- Reichsarchiv: Volume 17: Battles of the World War "Loretto"
- Notation taken from Ritters' book (1926).
- Wolf Jan Dose (Ed.): The 187s in the field. Self-published. Hamburg 1922.
- Jürgen Kraus: Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . Pp. 253, 343.
- The tunic
- See also coat
- Martin Lezius : flags and standards of the old Prussian army. Franckh'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1935.
- Antjekathrin Graßmann : Lübeckische Geschichte , Verlag Schmidt-Römhild, 3rd improved and supplemented edition. 1997, ISBN 3-7950-3215-6 .
- The regimental order with which the commander announced this to his regiment was: SM the Kaiser awarded me the medal “Pour le mérite” on May 22nd, 17. I see in this very highest award that has become me again, and this time an extraordinary honor for the whole regiment. It is not thanks to me, each individual has contributed to the reputation that the regiment enjoys through faithful fulfillment of their duties and bravery in battle. I therefore extend my sincere thanks to the regiment. SM dismissed me with the words: "Give my regards to your beautiful regiment". In delivering this imperial greeting, I expect that we will continue to be worthy of the award.
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914 to 1918 ; 3 volumes, Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007–2010.
- Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914 to 1918; 3 volumes, Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007–2010.
- See also list of abandoned buildings in Lübeck: Wisbystraße
- Czech-Jochberg : The Politicians of the Republic , KF Koehler, Leipzig 1933, p. 20
- Revolution in Kiel , In: Federal newspaper of the association of former 163s , 13th year, No. 11, edition of November 1, 1936, p. 3
- Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 369-370 .
- Otto Dziobek: History of the Infantry Regiment Lübeck (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162. 1st edition. 1922.
- This barracks is to be evacuated and abandoned by the Bundeswehr in 2016 [obsolete] . On October 1, 1994, the "Sick Barracks", Goebenstrasse 1–13, D-24534 Neumünster, was handed over to the Kiel Federal Property Office for transfer to federal property.
- : The stone soldier had to move again
- Rolf Postel, Neumünster, October 29, 2013