|Stephen Tyng Mather|
|Birth|| July 4 , 1867 |
San Francisco ( United States )
|Death|| January 22 , 1930(62 years old) |
Brookline (United States)
|Educated in|| |
|Occupation||Journalist , businessman and civil servant|
|Busy positions||National Park Service Director (1917-1929)|
Stephen Tyng Mather ( 4 of July of 1867 - 22 of January of 1930 ) was an industrialist and environmentalist American , owner and president of Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company, which made him a millionaire. Together with journalist and writer Robert Sterling Yard , he spearheaded an advertising campaign to promote the creation of a federal agency to oversee America's national parks and eventually became the first director of that new body, the National Park Service , controlled by the Department of the Interior.
National Park Service
Robert Shankland's book, Steve Mather of the National Parks , mentions a letter that Mather sent to the United States Secretary of the Interior , Franklin Knight Lane , deploring the state of the national parks. [ 2 ] The letter, sent in 1913, sparked a series of actions by Secretary Lane that led to him hiring Steve Mather in government service to protect the parks he was so keenly interested in. Steve Mather's attempts to make national parks known to a variety of politicians and wealthy business leaders show in detail how he tried to generate a greater appreciation for the national wealth of scenic spots within a broader population. [ 2 ] From his initial activity, Mather caused the creation of a new government agency to protect national parks and achieve recognition of the needs of these and other additional parks, the National Park Service , of which he was his first director.
Mather considered that a magnificent scenic landscape should be the first criteria for establishing a park. It introduced concessions to national parks, which allowed the commercialization of facilities and other necessities to visitors, which included guides for the study of nature. Mather promoted the creation of the National Park to Park Highway , [ 3 ] and encouraged cooperation with the railroad service, in order to encourage units normally remote from the National Park System to move closer to them and thus create a base of public support for the young agency and its utilization intentions. Periodically incapacitated by manic depressive disorder, Mather left office in January 1929 , after suffering a stroke , and died a year later.
In honor of Mather's accomplishments, bronze plaques were placed in numerous parks by the Stephen Mather Memorial Fund, established in 1932 . The inscriptions on the plaques read:
Stephen Mather Tyng / July 4, 1867 - January 22, 1930 / Laid the foundations of the National Park Service, defined and established the policies under which its areas will develop and remain intact for future generations. The good that he has done will never come to an end.
Several locations within the National Park System are named after Mather, including Mather Point on the southern rim of Grand Canyon National Park , Mather District and Mather Camp in Yosemite National Park , Mather Pass in Canyon of the Kings National Park , the Mather Gorge on the border between Great Falls Park and Chesapeake National Historical Park and the Ohio Canal, and the Stephen T. Mather Training Center serving the entire National Park System at Harpers Ferry National Historical Park in West Virginia . Stephen Mather Tyng High School in Chicago , IllinoisIt also bears his name; as well as the Stephen Mather Memorial Parkway (Washington State Route 410) in Mount Rainier National Park and Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest . Most of North Cascades National Park is protected by the Stephen Mather Natural Forest. His Connecticut home , Stephen Mather Tyng Home , was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1963 . [ 4 ]
- "Enter Stephen Tyng Mather ' (in English) . National Park Service. Archived from the original on February 25, 2009 . Retrieved June 27, 2010 .
- Shankland, Robert (1970). Steve Mather of the National Parks. Alfred A. Knopf.
- The National Parks: America's Best Idea (in English) . Retrieved November 16, 2010 . Ken Burns , broadcast on PBS .
- Blanche Higgins Schroer and S. Sydney Bradford (1963). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Stephen Tyng Mather Home / The Mather Homestead (in English) . National Park Service. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011 . Retrieved November 16, 2010 . (Includes a biography of Stephen Mather Tyng) - PDF (3.05 MB)