Sajambre Valley - Valle de Sajambre
The Valley of Sajambre (in Asturleonés , Sayambre) is located in the northeast of the province of León , autonomous community of Castilla y León , in Spain . It limits the north with the Principality of Asturias .
The whole town is part of the National Park Picos de Europa and belongs to the association of Riaño Mountain . Its waters flow into Asturias and it is flanked by the Puerto del Pontón and the Los Beyos Gorge .
According to E. Bascuas , "Sajambre", registered as Saliamne in 973 and Saliamen in 999, would indicate its location on the banks of the river Sella , attested as Salia in ancient times. It would, therefore, be an ancient hydronym, from a form of Paleo-European origin , derived from the Indo-European root * sal- 'salt, dirty water, impetuous water'. [ 1 ] However, as Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz has shown, the Saliamne form does not appear inside the 973 document (where it is recorded as Saliame), but in the rubric that the copyist Munio added in the year 1110, [ 2 ] when this document was copied in the Gothic Calf of Sahagún [ 3 ] , a cartulary that transmits the oldest documents of Sajambre.
In ancient times, Sajambre was part of the Cantabrian tribe of the Vadinians, the last people to be subdued by Rome during the long process of conquering the peninsular soil. After the arrival of the Muslims in 711, its already Christianized settlers once again became strong against the invader under the protection of its mountains.
Since at least the year 1291 it was a royal council formed by the towns of Oseja, Soto, Ribota, Pio and Vierdes, [ 4 ] although the oldest news about the lands of Saliame can be found in the documents copied in the known cartulary as Gothic Calf of Sahagún . [ 5 ]
Ecclesiastically linked to the Church of León, it was one of the councils of the Merindad de Valdeburón, along with Burón, Valdeón, Maraña and Aleón (current Salamon ), a demarcation that was born during the reign of Enrique IV, although it seems that it breaks away from another larger constituency already existing in the fourteenth century. [ 6 ]
- Cf. p. 216 of "New studies of Galician paleo-European hydronymy". Vigo. 2014.
- «Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz," The spellings of Seya in documents from the 12th to the 19th centuries ", in Lletres asturianes, 108 (2013), pp.60-62.» . www.academiadelallingua.com .
- «National Historical Archive, Section codices and cartularies, cod.989.» . pairs.mcu.es .
- Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz, Valdeón: History and Documentary Collection. The western Picos de Europa in the Middle Ages , Royal Institute of Asturian Studies, Oviedo, 2000, n.1, pp. 217-218.
- Justiniano Rodríguez Fernández, Valdeón y Sajambre , Institución Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, León, 1972, pp.82-86 and Eutimio Martino Redondo, La Montaña de Valdeburón. Biography of a Leon region , Universidad de Comillas, Madrid, 1980, ns. 1 to 17.
- Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz, Valdeón: History and Documentary Collection. The western Picos de Europa in the Middle Ages , Royal Institute of Asturian Studies, Oviedo, 2000, pp. 140-155 and ns. 8 to 11.
- Justiniano Rodríguez Fernández, Valdeón y Sajambre , Fray Bernardino de Sahagún Institution, León, 1972.
- Eutimio Martino Redondo, The Mountain of Valdeburón. Biography of a Leon region , Universidad de Comillas, Madrid, 1980. ISBN 84-300-2845-5 .
- José María Canal Sánchez-Pagín, "Another case of resistance to the manorial regime: the Merindad de Valdeburón in the 15th century", Hispania 155 (1983), pp.627-642.
- Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz, Valdeón: History and Documentary Collection. The western Picos de Europa in the Middle Ages , Royal Institute of Asturian Studies, Oviedo, 2000. ISBN 84-89645-31-0 . https://web.archive.org/web/20110907101739/http://ridea.org/valdeon-historia-y-coleccion-diplomatica
- Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz and Guillermo Mañana Vázquez, The Council of Sajambre: History, Landscapes and Roads , Picos de Europa National Park and Oseja de Sajambre City Council, sl, 2001.
- Elena E. Rodríguez Díaz, The spellings of the Seya in documents from the twelfth to the nineteenth centuries , Lletres asturianes, n.108 (2013).