Evangelical Church (Steindorf / Wetzlar) - Evangelische Kirche (Steindorf/Wetzlar)

Church in Steindorf from the north-west
View from the west

The Evangelical Church is a listed choir tower church in Steindorf , a district of Wetzlar in the Lahn-Dill district ( Hesse ). The late Romanesque defense tower probably dates back to around 1300. The baroque nave with hipped roof was built in 1701 and the three- story lantern helmet was also built in the 18th century. [1]

story

Steindorf is mentioned for the first time in the Lorsch Codex in 886 and the church in 1340. The place belonged in the Middle Ages to the parish and sending place Oberbiel in the Archipresbyterat Wetzlar in the Archidiakonat St. Lubentius Dietkirchen in the Archdiocese of Trier . [2] It is possible that the church was originally given the patronage of the Holy Cross . [3]

With the introduction of the Reformation , the parish changed to the Protestant faith around 1549 under Pastor Heiderich Tillenburg from Oberbiel. During the Thirty Years' War , the congregation became Roman Catholic again for a few years in 1626, until it returned to the evangelical confession under the Swedes in 1632. [4]

In 1700/1701 the medieval church was demolished and a new baroque building was erected in its place. The old tower was preserved, but its height was shortened and was probably given its current structure at this time or in 1766. [1]

Until 1932 Steindorf belonged to the parish of Oberbiel. After the parish was dissolved, the parishes of Steindorf, Albshausen and Oberbiel initially remained connected to the parish . In 1954 it was raised to an independent parish, which received its first pastor in 1955. The parish parishes Albshausen and Steindorf belonged to the parish of Braunfels until the end of 2018, [5] which in 2019 became part of the Evangelical Church District on Lahn and Dill of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland .

architecture

Westportal

The non geostete but aligned to northeast hall structure of white plastered rubble masonry is erected in the old center to a gently rising slope above the Lahn. [1] It stands in the middle of a churchyard, which is enclosed by a wall up to 5 meters high. [6] The large wall gate in the west and the smaller one in the north, which is marked with the year 1707, correspond to the two church portals. The baroque nave from 1701 is covered by a slated hipped roof, on which two small dormers are placed on each side. A central round arched west portal and a high rectangular north portal (near the tower) open up the church. The lintel is above the north portalmarked with the year 1700, the start of construction of the nave . [6] The interior is illuminated on the two long sides through three high arched windows each. On the west side, two ox eyes are embedded below the eaves . The roof ridge reaches up to the eaves of the tower.

Bell by Dilman Schmid (1710)

The solidly walled up, undivided tower shaft on a square floor plan probably dates from around 1300. The tower hall with strong walls and groin vaults is illuminated by three arched windows. Inside, a wide arch opens the choir to the nave. The segmental arch niche between the southern choir window and the choir arch probably dates back to medieval times and possibly served as a three seat or holy grave . [1]The tower vault towers over the height of the ship at its apex. Above the vault, the thickness of the outer wall goes back to 0.90 meters. Originally two intermediate floors were set up here, which were abandoned at the latest when the tower was shortened. Since then, the entire upper floor has been used as a bell room. It houses a triple bell with the striking notes b 1 , 2 and es 2 . The middle bell was cast by Dilman Schmid in 1710 , the other two bells in 1954 by the Bachert bell foundry as a replacement for the bell delivered by Heinrich Wilhelm Rincker during the First World Warfrom 1777. A medieval "Maria Bell" from the abandoned St. Mark's Church in Dalheim was probably remelted in 1896. [7]

The three-storey octagonal tower spire with its lantern hood is completely slated. It probably comes from the same Baroque construction period as the church. [8] The tower clock is built into the first floor of the helmet and the dial is attached to the north side. The middle floor has eight high rectangular sound openings with lamellas, while the third floor is designed as an open lantern with arched openings. It is crowned by a tower pommel, a decorated cross and a gilded weathercock. Parts of the original tower cross, which is marked 1700, are in the church. [6]

Furnishing

Interior
Altar and pulpit

The interior is closed off by a flat ceiling with a joist . The church furnishings are predominantly white with partly gold-plated profile strips. A three-sided circular wooden gallery is built into the nave, which rests on round columns with cube-shaped capitals and curved headbands . The side galleries in the choir were removed in the 1960s. [1] A wooden coat of arms of Solms-Braunfels with the initials FWSB ( Prince Wilhelm zu Solms-Braunfels ) is attached above the west gallery .

In typical Protestant tradition, the principles of the altar, pulpit and organ are arranged one behind the other in the choir. The ensemble dates back to 1834. The wooden, dark green marbled block altar from the 18th century is decorated with gilded garland carvings. [6] Behind it, the wooden sacristy is built in in the middle and the rectangular pulpit with a marble-painted rectangular panel above a console is attached to the front. The round arch above the pulpit is decorated with gilded ray ornaments. The organ rises above the sacristy in the same width, the substructure of which has lamellar openings on the side of the pulpit. [1]The pulpit and organ can be accessed from behind through the sacristy. Behind this a gallery is built, which is lower than the gallery in the ship.

organ

Bernhard organ from 1834
CM. Widor, Toccata (= Finale) from the Organ Symphony No. 5 in F minor with Norbert Schenk

Johann Hartmann Bernhard built the organ in 1834 with nine registers on one manual and pedal . The previous instrument had six registers and no pedal. It may have been auctioned off to Niederquembach . The classicistic flat prospect of the Bernhard organ is made up of five parts and is structured by six pilasters with gilded capitals. A wide central field is flanked by small two-storey round arch fields, which are adjoined on the outside by a round arch field. The gilded ray ornaments on the veil boardscorrespond to the arch of the pulpit. The organ case is closed at the top by a profiled cornice with a crenellated frieze. In the years 1964–1967 the organ was rebuilt. The disposition is as follows: [9]

I Manual C–f3
Gedackt 8′
Gemshorn B/D 8′
Principal 4′
Small-pack 4′
Quinte 2 23
octave 2′
Mixtur III–IV 1 13
Pedal C–f1
Subbass 16′
Octave bass 8′

literature

  • Friedrich Kilian Abicht: The district of Wetzlar, presented historically, statistically and topographically. Volume 2. Wetzlar 1836, pp. 124–125, limited preview in the Google book search.
  • Georg Dehio : Handbook of German art monuments , Hessen I. Administrative districts of Giessen and Kassel. Edited by Folkhard Cremer, Tobias Michael Wolf and others. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich et al. 2008, ISBN 978-3-422-03092-3 , p. 859.
  • Gerhard Kleinfeldt, Hans Weirich: The medieval church organization in the Upper Hessian-Nassau area (= writings of the institute for historical regional studies of Hesse and Nassau 16 ). NG Elwert, Marburg 1937, ND 1984, p. 202.
  • State Office for Monument Preservation Hesse (ed.); Reinhold Schneider (arrangement): Cultural monuments in Hesse. City of Wetzlar (= monument topography Federal Republic of Germany ). Theiss, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-8062-1900-1 , pp. 448-457.
  • Presbytery of the Evangelical Church Community Steindorf (Hrsg.): About the history of the (Evangelical) Church Steindorf. 2001 ( online )

Weblinks

Commons : Evangelical Church (Wetzlar-Steindorf) - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f State Office for Monument Preservation Hesse (ed.): Evangelical Parish Church In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
  2. Kleinfeldt, Weirich: The medieval church organization in the Upper Hessian-Nassau area. 1984, p. 202.
  3. Presbytery of the Evangelical Church Community Steindorf (ed.): About the history of the (Evangelical) Church Steindorf. 2001, p. 4 ( online , accessed January 17, 2020, PDF).
  4. Steindorf. Historical local dictionary for Hesse. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on January 17, 2020 .
  5. ^ Frank Rudolph: 200 years of evangelical life. Wetzlar's church history in the 19th and 20th centuries. Tectum, Marburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8288-9950-6 , p. 27.
  6. a b c d Dehio: Handbuch der Deutschen Kunstdenkmäler, Hessen I. 2008, p. 859.
  7. Hellmut Schliephake: Bell customer of the district of Wetzlar. In: Heimatkundliche Arbeitsgemeinschaft Lahntal e. V. 12th yearbook. 1989, ISSN 0722-1126 , pp. 5-150, here p. 141.
  8. Presbytery of the Evangelical Church Community Steindorf (ed.): About the history of the (Evangelical) Church Steindorf. 2001, p. 9 ( online , accessed January 17, 2020, PDF).
  9. ^ Franz Bösken : Sources and research on the organ history of the Middle Rhine (= contributions to the Middle Rhine music history . Volume 7,2). Band 2 : The area of ​​the former administrative district of Wiesbaden. Part 1: L-Z . Schott, Mainz 1975, ISBN 3-7957-1307-2 , p. 758.

Coordinates: 50 ° 32 '54.7 " N , 8 ° 27' 36.4" E