Target display chain 33
|active||February 1959 to December 31, 1990|
|Armed forces||LSK / LV|
|Branch of service||Aviation forces|
41 (13 officers, |
28 NCOs and men)
|Squadron location||Peenemünde Airfield|
|Web presence||Squadron Chronicle|
|Lieutenant colonel||Hans-Jürgen Eser|
|training||Jak-11 , IL-28 , IL-28U , IL-28R , L-39ZO , L-39V|
Location of the stationing place
The unit was formed in February 1959 on the orders of the Ministry of National Defense from the 3rd squadron of the FG-1 , whose aircraft inventory included two chains MiG-17 and some Jak-11 , at Cottbus airfield . In June of the same year it was the first and only unit of the NVA to receive the first two copies of the Soviet IL-28 front bomber . The aircraft came from the 11th independent reconnaissance regiment of the 16th Air Army stationed in Neu-Welzow, which also carried out the retraining of German crews on this type. Since the squadron was first assigned the name Zieldarstellungsstaffel 21 (ZDS-21) in 1966 , the command team was also referred to internally because it received its operational orders directly from the LSK / LV command . Initially, only target display flights were carried out for the fighter pilot units in the "cold shot". From the spring of 1960, the IL-28 were equipped with a cable drum in the bomb bay, with the help of which an eight-meter-long airbag could be deployed on a 2000-meter steel cable, on which sharp shooting exercises were now possible. In addition to fighter pilots, air defense units and the People's Navy also usedthis type of combat training. The association was initially not permanently stationed in one place, but was assigned to the respective flying unit, for which the target display flights were made, as the 4th squadron and based on their base.
In the fall of 1960, the command staff received another Jak-11 chain, which was given back in the summer of 1961. During this period, operations were mainly carried out from the Trollenhagen and Tutow locations . The squadron then moved to Peenemünde for the first time, where they received a school machine IL-28U, also from Soviet stocks, with which other crews were trained. From the beginning of the 1960s, the command staff also took on a number of special tasks. These included the testing of new types of parachutes that had been developed at VEB Seifhennersdorf. The tests were carried out on dolls and sand-filled containers. Even those with leaflets filled "agitation bombs" AGITAB 250-85 and AGIT 500-300 were tested by the unit.
The delivery of two IL-28R reconnaissance aircraft on November 1, 1961 represented a special case. The two aircraft had previously been used by the Dresden aircraft yard as test vehicles for the Pirna 014 engines of the jet transport aircraft 152 and were now being used After the end of the GDR aircraft development program and the removal of the experimental fixtures, added to the squadron as a target actor. In the same month the transfer to Drewitz took place, where, after another delivery of five IL-28s and an increase in staff by crews assigned by the Dessau Transport Aviation School, the unit was able to show the highest number in its history with a total of ten IL-28s. However, on October 12, 1963, the 204 crashed on approach to Preschen airfield . The command center was there for a while because of construction work in Drewitz. The pilot had lost his orientation in a cloud cover over Poland. The three-man crew was able to save themselves with the parachute. When the aircraft crashed, the high explosive shells carried by the tail-mounted automatic cannon NR-23 causeda large explosion, so that after this incident, the IL-28 were flown only without defense ammunition. Finally, the rear armament was completely expanded.
On December 1, 1964, a stationing in Drewitz that lasted until 1971 began. With a change of subordination of the association to the 1st LVD in 1966, the name was also changed to Target Depiction Relay 21 . [A 1] From April 1971 to November 1972 it was stationed in Trollenhagen, where the unit was subordinated to the 3rd LVD and was given the designation Zieldarstellungsstaffel 33 (ZDS-33). It was given its final home location after the last move to Peenemünde on November 14, 1972 and the operational subordination to JG-9 one day later. The target display flights now took place consistently for the anti-aircraft troops over the anti-aircraft shooting ranges Zingst andÜckermünde instead. For the exercises of the fighter pilots, in which Czechoslovak and Soviet pilots also took part, the air rifle zone II (LSZ II) east of the Greifswalder Oie above the Baltic Sea was available.
In the late 1970s, the IL-28 began gradually being phased out and replaced by the L-39 . In September / October 1979 the first crews at Fliegerausbildungsgeschwader 25 in Bautzen were instructed on the new type. On March 13, 1980, the FAG-25 delivered two L-39ZOs to the ZDS-33. In November ten squadrons, including three pilots, were in KošiceInstructed in the handling of the target tow version L-39V and two of the aircraft - the only one of this version in the NVA - flew over from Bautzen to Peenemünde on May 30, 1980. After the last IL-28 was retired (the last flight took place on October 13, 1982), the chain had four L-39s. The unit, reduced in this way to half the aircraft strength, was entered in target display chain 33 on December 1, 1981(ZDK-33) renamed. An interim relocation, which had become necessary due to construction work on the home site, took place from January 17th to December 1st, 1985 together with the 1st squadron of the JG-9 to Garz / Heringsdorf airfield . The L-39 ZO were used as carrier aircraft for the LZA-07 airbag containers. Two of these containers were purchased as original products from Sweden. Two more were procured as replicas from the Dresden aircraft yard. With the reunification , the ZDK-33 ceased its work on October 3, 1990, was transferred to the Bundeswehr and dissolved by the end of the year. The aircraft were parked in Rothenburg and were given Bundeswehr license plates. Two L-39ZO, the 200 and the 222went as a gift to the Hungarian Air Force in November 1993 , where they flew as 133 and 136 . The two L-39V were given to museums.
|Rank||Name||period of service||Remarks|
|Major||Dietrich Hellwig||1962 – 30. September 1963|
|Lieutenant colonel||Gerhard Oswald||October 1, 1963 - October 30, 1981||Honored military aviator|
|Lieutenant colonel||Hans-Jürgen Eser||November 1, 1981 - December 31, 1990|
The aircraft of the ZDK-33
|Type||quantity||Tactical numbers||period of service||Remarks|
|Yak-11||a chain||not known||Fall 1960 - Summer 1961|
|IL-28 ||7||190, 196, 204, 205, 208, 224, 226||February 1959 - October 1982||the 208 is now in the Museum Berlin-Gatow|
|IL-28U||1||193||Fall 1960 - March 1979||after decommissioning decoy in Peenemünde; the wreck is now in the Peenemünde Museum|
|IL-28R||2||180, 184||November 1961 - June 1979||1961 used as DM – ZZI and DM – ZZK in Dresden for engine testing of the 152|
|L-39ZO ||3|| 187 (28+50), |
|April 1978 - October 1990||Takeover of the JAG-25 , use from 1984 with air target device 07 (LZA-07) in the wing container|
|L-39V||2|| 170 (28+48), |
|May 1980 - October 1990||Use with air target KT-04 ; the 170 is now in the Museum Berlin – Gatow, the 171 in Rothenburg|
- Manfred Kanetzki: MiGs over Peenemünde. The history of the NVA air force units on Usedom . Jagdfliegergeschwader-9 "Heinrich Rau", Fliegertechnisches Bataillon-9 "Käthe Niederkirchner", target display chain-33, radio technical battalion-33. 2nd, revised edition. MediaScript, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-9814822-1-8 .
- Wilfried Copenhagen : The Air Force of the NVA . Motorbuch, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-613-02235-4 .
- According to Copenhagen: The Air Force of the NVA was named in Target Depiction Season 21 as early as autumn 1959 (p. 64). Since the number "1" refers to the subordination to the 1st LVD (hence the designation ZDK-33 after subordination to the 3rd LVD), this date is doubtful.
- Detlef Billig, Manfred Meyer: Airplanes of the GDR. Type book military and civil aviation. Volume I until 1962. Friedland 2002, ISBN 3-613-02197-8 , p. 189
- Detlef Billig, Manfred Meyer: Airplanes of the GDR. Type book military and civil aviation. Volume III until 1990. Friedland 2003, ISBN 3-613-02285-0 , p. 175